- Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
The atrial septum is the wall between the two upper chambers of the heart (right and left atria). An atrial septal defect (ASD) is an abnormal hole in this wall. ASD is a heart problem that is present at birth (congenital).
Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)
A ventricular septal defect is an opening in the dividing wall between the two lower chambers of the heart known as the right and left ventricles.
Atrioventricular Canal (AV Canal or AVC)
AV canal is a complex heart problem that involves several abnormalities of structures inside the heart.
Tricuspid Atresia (TA)
In tricuspid atresia, the tricuspid valve, normally located between the right atrium and the right ventricle, does not develop properly.
Pulmonary Atresia (PA)
PA is a serious heart defect in which the pulmonary valve does not allow blood to flow from the heart to the lungs to pick up oxygen.
Transposition of the Great Arteries (TGA)
Because of abnormal development of the fetal heart, the large vessels that take blood away from the heart to the lungs, or to the body, are improperly connected.
Tetralogy of Fallot
Tetralogy of Fallot is a complex condition of several congenital heart defects.
- Coarctation of the Aorta
Coarctation of the aorta is a heart defect that is present at birth (congenital). It means the aorta is narrower than it should be.
- Aortic Stenosis in Children
Aortic stenosis means that your child has a heart valve that is too narrow or is blocked. The aortic valve is 1 of 4 heart valves that keep blood flowing through the heart. The valves make sure blood flows in only one direction. The aortic valve keeps blood flowing from the left ventricle to the aorta.
- Pulmonary Stenosis in Children
Pulmonary stenosis is a birth defect of the heart (congenital). It can happen when the pulmonary valve doesn’t develop as it should during the first 8 weeks of pregnancy. The pulmonary valve connects the right ventricle to the pulmonary artery.
- Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a heart defect found in the days or weeks after birth. The ductus arteriosus is a normal part of fetal blood circulation. All babies are born with this opening between the aorta and the pulmonary artery. But it usually closes on its own shortly after birth. If it stays open, it is called patent ductus arteriosus.