Physical Activity During Pregnancy

Overview

Status: Completed
Keywords: Physical Activity during Pregnancy , Pregnancy , Physical Activity , Exercise during pregnancy
IRB Number: 00070835
Specialty: OB/Gyn, General
Sub Specialties:

Brief Summary

Specific Aim 1: To determine the risk perceptions and efficacy beliefs toward physical activity in a sample of pregnant women.

            Aim 1 is not hypothesis driven.

Specific Aim 2: To develop a survey instrument to measure pregnant women’s pregnancy risk perceptions, physical activity efficacy beliefs, and leisure-time physical activity in order to utilize the Risk Perception Attitude Framework (RPA).

            Aim 2 is not hypothesis driven.

Specific Aim 3: To determine if differences exist in moderate LTPA between pregnancy risk perception/ physical activity efficacy belief attitudinal groups as defined by the RPA.

Hypothesis 3.1: Pregnant women with high physical activity efficacy beliefs (responsive and proactive groups) will participate in more moderate LTPA than will women with low physical activity efficacy beliefs (avoidant and indifferent groups).

Specific Aim 4: To determine if differences exist in vigorous LTPA between pregnancy risk perception/ physical activity efficacy belief attitudinal groups as defined by the RPA.

Hypothesis 4.1: Pregnant women with low pregnancy risk perceptions and high physical activity efficacy beliefs (proactive group) will perform more vigorous LTPA compared to a) women with high pregnancy risk perceptions and high physical activity efficacy beliefs (responsive group), b) women with high pregnancy risk perceptions and low physical activity efficacy beliefs (avoidant group), and c) women with low pregnancy risk perceptions and low physical activity efficacy beliefs (indifferent group). 

Specific Aim 5: To determine the relationship of religion (Latter-day Saints [LDS] vs. non-LDS) with physical activity risk perceptions, efficacy beliefs, and LTPA among pregnant women.

Hypothesis 5.1: LDS pregnant women will participate in more moderate and vigorous LTPA compared to non-LDS pregnant women.

Hypothesis 5.2: LDS pregnant women will have higher efficacy beliefs toward moderate and vigorous physical activity (but not pregnancy risk perceptions) compared to non-LDS pregnant women.

Specific Aim 6: To determine the relationship of religion (Latter-day Saints [LDS] vs. non-LDS) with prenatal HCP/patient physical activity discussion and physical activity social support among pregnant women.

Hypothesis 6.1: LDS pregnant women will be more likely to report discussing physical activity during pregnancy with their prenatal HCPs compared to non-LDS pregnant women.

Hypothesis 6.2: LDS pregnant women who have physical activity discussions with their prenatal HCPs will feel more satisfied with these discussions compared to non-LDS pregnant women who have physical activity discussions with their prenatal HCPs.

Hypothesis 6.3: LDS pregnant women will perceive higher levels of total physical activity social support compared to non-LDS pregnant women.

Hypothesis 6.4: LDS pregnant women will perceive higher levels of physical activity social support from family compared to non-LDS pregnant women.

Hypothesis 6.5: LDS pregnant women will perceive higher levels of physical activity social support from significant others compared to non-LDS pregnant women.

Principal Investigator: Bob Silver
Department: Obstetrics And Gynecology (Dept)
Co Investigator:

Contact Information

Name:Alexys Allen
Phone: (801) 581-6196
Email: alexys.allen@hsc.utah.edu

Inclusion Criteria

Those eligible for participation in the proposed study will be pregnant women of any ethnic or educational background, socioeconomic status, or religious identification that are 18-45 years of age. 

Exclusion Criteria

Exclusion criteria include:

1. Prescribed bed rest from a prenatal healthcare provider during the current pregnancy.

Few physical criteria pertaining to their pregnancies disqualify women from participation in this investigation.  However, multiple physical characteristics pertaining to past and current pregnancy will be assessed in case statistical control is needed for these variables.