Pulmonary Tests and Procedures
A chest X-ray is an imaging test that uses X-rays to look at the structures and organs in your chest. It can help your health care provider see how well your lungs and heart are working. Certain heart problems can cause changes in your lungs. Certain diseases can cause changes in the structure of the heart or lungs.
Chest ultrasound is a procedure in which sound wave technology is used alone, or along with other types of diagnostic methods, to examine the organs and structures of the chest.
Bronchoscopy is a procedure to look directly at the airways in the lungs through a thin, lighted tube (bronchoscope).
A biopsy is a procedure done to remove a sample of tissue from the body so it can be examined. A lung biopsy is a procedure to take a small piece of a lung.
Pleural biopsy is a procedure to remove a tissue sample from the membrane that surrounds the lungs called the pleura.
A mediastinoscopy is a procedure used to examine the mediastinum. This is the space behind the breastbone (sternum). This area can be examined with a tool called a mediastinoscope. This is a long, thin, flexible tube that has a light and a tiny camera.
Positron Emission Tomography
A positron emission tomography (PET) scan is a type of nuclear medicine imaging test. It is used to examine various body tissues to identify certain conditions by looking at blood flow, metabolism, and oxygen use. PET scans may also be used to see how well the treatment of certain diseases is working.
Thoracentesis is a procedure to remove fluid or air from around the lungs.
A lobectomy is a surgery to remove one of the lobes of the lungs.
CT Scan of the Chest
CT scan is a type of imaging test. It uses X-rays and computer technology to make images or slices of the body. A CT scan can make detailed pictures of any part of the body, including the bones, muscles, fat, organs, and blood vessels. They are more detailed than regular X-rays.