Anatomy of the Brain
The brain is an important organ that controls thought, memory, emotion, touch, motor skills, vision, respiration, temperature, hunger, and every process that regulates your body.
Brain Tumors: Treatment Questions
A brain tumor is an abnormal growth of tissue in the brain. The tumor can either originate in the brain itself or come from another part of the body and travel to the brain.
Basics of Brain Tumors
Brain tumors form in one of two ways: A primary brain tumor starts with an abnormal brain cell and grows in the brain, and a metastatic tumor starts with an abnormal cell from another organ that makes its way into the brain, stays there, and multiplies to form a tumor made of that kind of cell.
Brain Tumors: Introduction
Skull Base Chordoma
A chordoma is a form of bone cancer that can occur anywhere along the length of the spine, from the base of the skull to the lower back.
A craniopharyngioma is a benign tumor that is found near the pituitary gland, a structure in the brain that controls the release of many hormones in the body.
Rathke Cleft Cysts
Rathke cleft cysts are non-cancerous fluid-filled growths that develop between the parts of the pituitary gland at the base of the brain. They develop while a fetus is growing in the womb. A Rathke cleft cyst develops from a piece of the fetus’ developing Rathke pouch, which ultimately becomes part of the pituitary gland.
Paranasal Sinus Tumors
A paranasal sinus tumor is a cancer that has grown inside your sinuses, the open spaces behind your nose.
An olfactory neuroblastoma often happens on the roof of the nasal cavity. It involves the cribiform plate, which is a bone between the eyes and located deep in the skull.
An astrocytoma is a type of brain tumor that develops in astrocytes, the star-shaped cells in the brain that hold nerve cells in place. Astrocytomas are most common in middle-aged men, but they can occur in children, too.
- Skull Base Rhabdomyosarcoma in Children
Rhabdomyosarcoma is a type of cancer. It starts in cells that grow into skeletal muscle cells. The cells are called rhabdomyoblasts. Skeletal muscles control all of a person’s voluntary muscle movements. The cancer is most common in children under age 10, but it is rare.
Brain Tumor: Risk Factors
Doctors do not know exactly what causes a brain tumor, although certain factors appear to raise your risk: exposure to radiation or pesticides, an impaired immune system, and a family history of brain tumors.
Brain Tumors: Symptoms
Brain Tumors: Your Chances of Recovery
- Oligodendroglioma in Children
The brain is part of the central nervous system (CNS). The CNS also includes the spinal cord. A tumor is an abnormal growth of tissue. An oligodendroglioma is a type of CNS tumor called a glioma.