Health Information

Understanding Your Diagnosis

  • Kidney Cancer: Diagnosis
  • Antegrade Pyelogram
    An antegrade pyelogram is an imaging test to find a blockage (obstruction) in the upper urinary tract. Your urinary tract includes the kidneys, ureters, and bladder. The ureters are the narrow tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder. During the test, the radiologist injects a contrast dye into a kidney. The radiologist uses X-ray images to watch the contrast dye as it moves from the kidney into the ureter and then to the bladder.
  • Abdominal Ultrasound
    An abdominal ultrasound is a procedure used to assess the organs and structures within the abdomen (belly). This includes the liver, gallbladder, pancreas, bile ducts, spleen, and abdominal aorta. Ultrasound allows your doctor to easily view the abdominal organs and structures from outside the body. Ultrasound may also be used to assess blood flow to abdominal organs.
  • CT Scan of the Kidney
    CT scan is a type of imaging test. It uses X-rays and computer technology to make images or slices of the body. A CT scan can make detailed pictures of any part of the body, including the bones, muscles, fat, organs, and blood vessels. They are more detailed than regular X-rays.
  • Intravenous Pyelogram
    An intravenous pyelogram is an imaging test used to look at the kidneys and ureters. The ureters are the narrow tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
  • Kidney Biopsy
    A biopsy is done to remove tissue or cells from the body to exam under a microscope. The tissue sample is removed with a needle to check for cancer or other abnormal cells. It also helps check how well the kidney is working.
  • Kidney Scan

    A kidney scan is a specialized radiology procedure used to assess the function and structure of the kidneys, as well as the perfusion (blood flow) to the kidney tissue.

  • Kidney Ultrasound
    A kidney ultrasound is an imaging test that uses sound waves to look at your kidneys. It can check the size, shape, and location of your kidneys. It also lets your healthcare provider see how well blood is flowing in your kidneys.
  • Renal Angiogram
    A renal angiogram is an imaging test to look at the blood vessels in your kidneys. Your doctor can use it to look at the ballooning of a blood vessel (aneurysm), narrowing of a blood vessel (stenosis), or blockages in a blood vessel. He or she can also see how well blood is flowing to your kidneys.
  • Kidney Cancer: Newly Diagnosed
  • Kidney Cancer: Tests After Diagnosis
  • Kidney (Renal) Cancer: Introduction
  • Kidney Cancer: Grade and Stage
  • Kidney Cancer: Your Chances of Recovery