Health Information

Understanding Your Diagnosis

  • How Does My Doctor Know I Have Lung Cancer?
  • Bronchoscopy

    Bronchoscopy is a procedure to look directly at the airways in the lungs through a thin, lighted tube (bronchoscope).

  • Chest Ultrasound

    A chest ultrasound is an imaging test that uses sound waves to look at the structures and organs in your chest. It can help your health care provider see how well your lungs and heart are working.

  • CT Scan of the Chest

    CT scan is a type of imaging test. It uses X-rays and computer technology to make images or slices of the body. A CT scan can make detailed pictures of any part of the body, including the bones, muscles, fat, organs, and blood vessels. They are more detailed than regular X-rays.

  • How Your Doctor Uses Biopsies to Make a Diagnosis of Lung Cancer
  • Lung Biopsy

    A biopsy is a procedure done to remove a sample of tissue from the body so it can be examined. A lung biopsy is a procedure to take a small piece of a lung.

  • Pleural Biopsy

    Pleural biopsy is a procedure to remove a tissue sample from the membrane that surrounds the lungs called the pleura.

  • Mediastinoscopy

    A mediastinoscopy is a procedure used to examine the mediastinum. This is the space behind the breastbone (sternum).  This area can be examined with a tool called a mediastinoscope. This is a long, thin, flexible tube that has a light and a tiny camera.

  • Thoracentesis

    Thoracentesis is a procedure to remove fluid or air from around the lungs.

  • Tests That Help Evaluate Lung Cancer

    Treatment for lung cancer usually begins a few weeks after diagnosis. This gives patients time to talk with their doctor about treatment choices, to get a second opinion, to decide about treatment, and to prepare themselves and their loved ones.

  • Lung Cancer: Newly Diagnosed

    Being told you have lung cancer can be scary, and you may have many questions. But you have people on your healthcare team to help.

  • Lung Cancer: Introduction

    Lung cancer is cancer that starts in the lungs. It has two main types: non-small cell and small cell.

  • Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: Stages

    The stage of a cancer is how much and how far the cancer has spread in your body. Your healthcare provider uses exams and tests to find out the size of the cancer and where it is.

  • Stages of Small Cell Lung Cancer

    All lung cancers can be staged using the TNM system. This system is based on how large the cancer is and how far it has spread.

  • Lung Cancer: Your Chances for Recovery (Prognosis)

    Prognosis is the word your healthcare team may use to describe your likely outcome from cancer and cancer treatment.

  • Advances in Early Detection of Lung Cancer

    The lack of effective methods for early detection of lung cancer is one of the reasons that most people diagnosed with lung cancer have advanced disease, and fewer than fifteen percent of these patients will survive more than five years.