Health Information


  • Alcohol Use and People with Diabetes

    Alcohol can lower blood sugar levels to the point of hypoglycemia. Keep careful track of your blood sugar levels when drinking alcohol, because certain diabetes medications also lower blood glucose levels.

  • Overview of Clinical Complications of Diabetes

    Heart disease, high blood pressure, and kidney disease are some of the complications of diabetes.

  • Complications of Diabetes

    Detailed information on the most common types of diabetes complications and ways to prevent future problems

  • Healthy Cooking Tips for People with Diabetes

    Steam vegetables in low-fat broth or water, and use vegetable oil spray instead of oil, shortening, or butter.

  • Diagnosing Diabetes

    If you're older than 45, you should be tested for diabetes. If you are younger, you should be tested if you are at high risk.

  • Diabetic Retinopathy and Other Eye Problems

    Diabetic retinopathy is a leading cause of blindness in American adults. It is caused by changes in the blood vessels of the retina.

  • Facts About Diabetes

    Diabetes affects the way the body metabolizes, or uses, digested food to make glucose, the main source of fuel for the body.

  • Diabetic Foot Problems

    Diabetes can damage the nerves in your feet, as well as lead to blood vessel disease. These conditions make it more difficult to notice when you injure your foot or develop a sore.

  • Gestational Diabetes
    Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that happens during pregnancy. The symptoms of gestational diabetes usually go away after delivery. But sometimes they do not, or you may develop type 2 diabetes later.
  • Glucose Monitoring Devices

    You can monitor your blood sugar at home with one of a variety of devices that use a small sample of blood.

  • Diabetes and High Blood Pressure

    If you have diabetes, you are twice as likely to have high blood pressure. Untreated, high blood pressure can raise your risk for heart disease.

  • Diabetes and Heart Disease

    Diabetes affects the cardiovascular system, but many problems aren't apparent until a person has a heart attack or stroke.

  • Hypoglycemia

    Hypoglycemia is low blood sugar (glucose). Hypoglycemia may be a condition by itself, or may be a complication of diabetes or another disorder.

  • Home Page - Diabetes

    Detailed information on diabetes, including facts, statistics, types, diagnosis, complications, treatment, and management

  • Insulin Replacement Therapy

    Insulin is classified according to the speed of its action, the length of time when it's most effective, and its duration.

  • Diabetic Nephropathy (Kidney Disease)

    Nephropathy means your kidneys are not working well. The final stage of nephropathy is called kidney failure, end-stage renal disease, or ESRD. Diabetes, both type 1 and type 2, is the most common cause of kidney disease. Type 1 is more likely to lead to ESRD. There are 5 stages of diabetic nephropathy. The final stage is ESRD. Progress from one stage to the next can take many years.

  • Meal Planning

    Detailed information on healthy cooking tips for persons with diabetes

  • Diabetic Neuropathy

    Diabetic neuropathy is nerve damage due to diabetes. Over time, high blood glucose can damage the tiny blood vessels that supply your nerves, especially in the legs. 

  • Online Resources - Diabetes

    List of online resources to find additional information on diabetes

  • Diabetes and Periodontal (Gum) Disease

    Poorly controlled diabetes can lead to gum disease, which is an infection of the gums and bone that hold the teeth in place.

  • Oral Medications

    Many types of diabetes pills are available, and each type has a specific action.

  • Topic Index - Diabetes

    Detailed information on diabetes, including facts, statistics, types, diagnosis, complications, treatment, and management

  • Sodium and People with Diabetes

    People with diabetes are encouraged to limit the sodium in their diets to help prevent or to control high blood pressure.

  • Diabetes Statistics

    Looking for vital diabetes facts and figures? Here are statistics for both patients and consumers.

  • Treatment and Management of Diabetes

    Detailed information on diabetes treatment and management

  • Type 1 Diabetes

    In type 1 diabetes, the body can’t make insulin. Insulin is needed to help glucose enter cells for energy. Without insulin, glucose builds up in the blood. This causes high blood glucose or high blood sugar.

  • Type 2 Diabetes

    When your body can’t make enough insulin or can’t use insulin, it is called type 2 diabetes. Insulin helps the cells in the body absorb glucose, or sugar, for energy. Without insulin, glucose builds up in the blood resulting in “high blood sugar.”

  • Forms of Diabetes

    Detailed information on the three forms of diabetes: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes

  • Overview of Obesity

    Obesity is a serious, chronic disease that can inflict substantial harm to a person’s health. Learn about obesity causes and obesity health effects.

  • Obesity Treatment Overview

    Whatever treatment plan a person follows, losing weight slowly will be more effective and healthy over the long term.

  • Medical Treatment for Obesity

    Medical treatment can help with weight loss if your own efforts are unsuccessful—or if you have a medical condition that makes it crucial to lose weight.

  • Gastric Restrictive Surgery

    Gastric restrictive surgery is a type of bariatric surgery or weight loss surgery. It limits the amount of food you can eat. This surgery may be used to treat severe obesity when diet, exercise, and medication have failed.

  • Maintaining Weight Loss

    Keeping extra weight off requires effort and commitment, just as losing weight does.

  • Preventing Obesity

    Given the chronic diseases and conditions associated with obesity and the fact that obesity is difficult to treat, prevention is extremely important.

  • Metabolic Syndrome

    Metabolic syndrome is a condition that includes the presence of a cluster of risk factors specific for cardiovascular disease. Metabolic syndrome significantly raises the risk of developing diabetes, heart disease, and/or stroke.

  • Treatment of Diabetes
  • Gastric Bypass (Malabsorptive) Surgery Procedure
    Gastric bypass surgery, a type of bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery), is a procedure that alters the process of digestion. Bariatric surgery is the only option today that effectively treats morbid obesity in people for whom more conservative measures such as diet, exercise, and medication have not been effective.
  • Obesity

    Detailed information on obesity, including obesity causes, obesity health effects, obesity medical treatment, obesity surgical treatment, maintaining weight loss, and obesity prevention

  • Treatment of Obesity

    Detailed information on obesity treatment, including obesity medical treatment, obesity surgical treatment, obesity gastric bypass (malabsorptive) surgery, and obesity gastric stapling (restrictive) surgery

  • Surgical Treatment for Obesity

    Detailed information on obesity surgical treatment, including gastric bypass surgery, and gastric stapling surgery

  • Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Diabetes

    Are you tempted to try herbal remedies that promise to “cure” diabetes without prescription medication? Be sure you understand the limitations.

  • Your Diabetes Health Care Team

    When you have diabetes, you’ll also have a team to help you manage your condition. You may see several health care providers every year who help keep you healthy.

  • Nutrition Facts Labels and Diabetes

    If you have diabetes, eating the right foods is your foundation for staying healthy. Reading the Nutrition Facts labels on foods is an important part of this mission.