Health Information

Orthopaedic Disorders

  • Arthritis

    Arthritis and other rheumatic diseases are common conditions that cause pain, swelling, and limited movement. They affect joints and connective tissues around the body. Millions of people in the U.S. have some form of arthritis. Arthritis means inflammation of a joint. A joint is where two or more bones meet. There are more than 100 different arthritis diseases. Rheumatic diseases include any condition that causes pain, stiffness, and swelling in joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, or bones. Arthritis is usually chronic, which means that it is ongoing.

  • Arthroscopy

    Orthopedic surgeons use arthroscopy to diagnose and treat joint problems. An arthroscope is a small, tube shaped instrument that is used to look inside a joint.

  • Treatment for Arthritis

    Detailed information on the most common treatments used for arthritis

  • Common Orthopedic Disorders

    Detailed information on the most common orthopedic disorders, including arthritis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis, elbow pain, elbow problems, cubital tunnel syndrome, lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow), medial epicondylitis (golfers el

  • Cubital Tunnel Syndrome

    Cubital tunnel syndrome occurs when the ulnar nerve, which passes through the inside of the elbow, is injured and becomes inflamed, swollen, and irritated.The pain of cubital tunnel syndrome feels like the pain you feel when you hit your "funny bone."

  • Orthopedic Treatment Team

    Members of your treatment team may include an orthopedic surgeon, a rheumatologist, and a physical therapist.

  • Elbow Pain and Problems

    Detailed information on elbow pain and problems

  • Evaluation Procedures

    To help the orthopedist determine your treatment, you'll need a physical exam, a medical history profile, and a description of symptoms.

  • Exercise: The Right Program and the Right Preparation

    You don't have to exercise for long periods of time—or even vigorously—to become fit. You do need to aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate activity most days of the week.

  • Foot Pain and Problems

    Foot pain is often caused by improper foot function. Improperly fitted shoes can worsen and, in some cases, cause foot problems.

  • Fractures

    A fracture is a partial or complete break in the bone.

  • Hand Pain and Problems

    Common hand problems include arthritis, carpal tunnel syndrome, and ganglion cysts.

  • Ice Packs vs. Warm Compresses For Pain

    It can sometimes be confusing whether to use heat or cold when treating sore muscles or an injury. Here are facts to keep in mind.

  • Home Page - Orthopedic Surgery

    Detailed information on the most common orthopedic disorders, including arthritis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis, elbow pain, elbow problems, cubital tunnel syndrome, lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow), medial epicondylitis (golfers el

  • Joint Replacement Surgery

    Joint replacement is a surgical procedure to remove and replace an arthritic or damaged joint with an artificial joint, called a prosthesis.

  • Patellar Tendonitis (Jumper's Knee)

    Jumper’s knee is caused by overuse of your knee joint, such as frequent jumping on hard surfaces. It’s usually a sports-related injury, linked to leg muscle contraction and the force of hitting the ground.

  • Knee Pain and Problems

    Common knee problems include sprains, strains, torn cartilage, and arthritis.

  • Knee Replacement Surgery

    When a knee is severely damaged by disease or injury, an artificial knee replacement may be considered.

  • Tennis Elbow

    Tennis elbow, or lateral epicondylitis, is swelling of the tendons that bend your wrist backward away from your palm. It often develops from the force of the tennis racket hitting balls in the backhand position. It can also develop from other repetitive movements.

  • Ligament Injuries to the Knee

    The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the most common ligaments to be injured. Learn about the four major ligaments of the knee.

  • Medial Epicondylitis (Golfer's and Baseball Elbow)

    Other activities that can cause this condition include carrying a heavy suitcase, chopping wood, and using a chainsaw.

  • Neck Pain

    Your neck is at risk for injury because of its location and range-of-motion. Neck pain can be caused by injury, age, or inflammatory disorders.

  • Online Resources - Orthopedic Surgery

    List of online resources to find additional information on orthopedics

  • Osteoarthritis

    Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. It is a chronic degenerative joint disease that affects mostly middle-aged and older adults. Osteoarthritis causes the breakdown of joint cartilage. It can occur in any joint, but it most often affects the hands, knees, hips, or spine.

  • Osteoporosis
    Osteoporosis is a disease that causes weak, thinning bones. This leaves the bones at greater risk of breaking. The bones most often affected are the hips, spine, and wrists.
  • Exercise and the Aging Person

    Exercise is good for people of all ages. It helps lower blood pressure, reduces the risks for falls and serious injuries, and slows the body's loss of muscle and bone mass.

  • Preventing Sports Injuries

    Good preventive steps: Warm up before you work out, alternate days for exercising certain muscle groups, and cool down when you're done.

  • Shoulder Pain and Problems

    Detailed information on shoulder pain and the most common types of shoulder problems

  • Topic Index - Orthopedic Disorders

    Detailed information on the most common orthopedic disorders, including arthritis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis, elbow pain, elbow problems, cubital tunnel syndrome, lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow), medial epicondylitis (golfers el

  • Soft-Tissue Injuries

    Detailed information on the most common types of soft-tissue injuries

  • Torn Meniscus

    Between the bones of the knees are two crescent-shaped discs of connective tissue, called menisci, which also act as shock absorbers to cushion the lower part of the leg from the weight of the rest of the body. Meniscus tears can occur when twisting while bearing weight.

  • Treatment Plans

    For most orthopedic disorders and injuries, more than one form of treatment may be appropriate.

  • Lumbar Strain

    A lumbar strain is an injury to the lower back, which results in damaged tendons and muscles that spasm and feel sore.

  • Kyphosis

    A spine affected by kyphosis has a forward curvature of the back bones (vertebrae) in the upper back area, giving an abnormally rounded or "humpback" appearance.

  • Hip Fracture

    A hip fracture is a break in the thigh bone (femur) of your hip joint. Most happen to people older than 60 years of age, and women get more hip fractures than men.

  • Overview of Sports Injuries
  • Runner’s Knee
    Runner's knee means that you have dull pain around the front of the knee (patella). This is where the knee connects with the lower end of the thighbone (femur).
  • Scoliosis

    A spine affected by scoliosis shows a sideways curvature and a rotation of the vertebrae, giving the appearance that the person is leaning to one side.

  • Shin Splints
    Shin splints refers to pain and tenderness along or just behind the large bone in the lower leg (the tibia).
  • Stress Fractures

    Stress fractures are weak spots or small cracks in the bone caused by continuous overuse. They often occur in the foot after training for basketball, running, and other sports.

  • Hip Replacement Surgery

    Hip replacement, also called total hip arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure to replace a worn out or damaged hip joint with a prosthesis (an artificial joint). This surgery may be an option after a hip fracture or for severe pain due to arthritis.

  • Paget Disease of the Bone
    Paget disease of the bone is a chronic bone disorder. It causes bones to become enlarged and deformed. Bone may become dense, but fragile, because of excessive breakdown and deformation of bone. The disease is the most common bone disorder after osteoporosis in people over age 50.
  • Bursitis

    Bursitis is inflammation of the fluid-filled sac (bursae) that cushions and reduces friction between tissues of the body. The major bursae are found near the tendons and large joints, such as the shoulders, elbows, hips, and knees.

  • Fibromyalgia

    Fibromyalgia is a condition that causes pain in muscles and soft tissues around the body. It is an ongoing (chronic) condition. It can affect the neck, shoulders, back, chest, hips, buttocks, arms and legs.

  • Sports Injuries

    Many sports injuries can be prevented with proper conditioning and training, wearing appropriate protective gear, and using proper equipment.

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic disease that causes inflammation of the joints. The inflammation can be so severe that the function and appearance of the hands and other parts of the body can be affected. In the hand, RA may cause deformities in the joints of the fingers. This makes moving the hands difficult. Lumps, known as rheumatoid nodules, may form over small joints in the hands and the wrist.

  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

    Women develop carpal tunnel syndrome three times more frequently than men. It usually occurs only in adults.

  • Low Back Pain

    Everyone has experienced low back pain at one time or another. Most people can recover from low back pain with home treatment such as activity modification, weight loss, quitting smoking and other steps. Sometimes medication or surgery is needed.

  • Sympathetic Nerve Blocks for Pain

    This therapy targets the sympathetic nervous system, a series of nerves that spread out from your spine to your body to help control several body functions, including blood flow.

  • Epidural Corticosteroid Injections
    In the simplest of terms, an epidural corticosteroid (steroid) injection is a way to deliver pain medication quickly into the body with a syringe.
  • Injectable Corticosteroids

    Corticosteroid injections can treat a variety of skeletal, muscular, and spinal conditions. Some of these injections can be done by your health care provider during a routine clinic visit; others require a referral to a pain specialist.

  • Cryotherapy (Cold Therapy) for Pain Management

    When used to treat injuries at home, cryotherapy refers to cold therapy with ice or gel packs that are usually kept in the freezer until needed. These remain one of the simplest, time-tested remedies for managing pain and swelling.

  • Patient-Controlled Analgesia Pumps

    Patient-controlled analgesia is a method of pain management that allows you to decide when you will get a dose of pain medication. You don’t need to wait for a nurse, and you can get smaller doses of pain medicine more frequently.

  • Compression Fracture

    A compression fracture is a type of break in the bones in your back that stack up to form your spine. A compression fracture can cause back pain, limited movement, a decrease in height, and a stopped over posture. It often develops as a result of osteoporosis.

  • Intradiscal Procedures for Back Pain

    When the disks themselves are causing back pain or pain radiating to the legs, doctors sometimes do an intradiscal procedure to try to relieve the pain.

  • Spinal Cord Compression

    Spinal cord compressed can occur anywhere along your spine. Symptoms include numbness, pain, and weakness.

  • Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

    Lumbar spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spinal canal in your lower back that may cause pain or numbness in your legs.

  • Achilles Tendon Injuries
    Achilles tendon injuries affect the Achilles tendon, a fibrous band of tissue that links the muscles in your calf to your heel. The strength and flexibility of this tendon are important for jumping, running, and walking.