Health Information

Travel Medicine

  • African Sleeping Sickness

    African sleeping sickness (African trypanosomiasis) is a disease caused by a parasite. It is passed on by the bite of the infected tsetse fly.

  • HIV and AIDS

    AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus, which kills or impairs cells of the immune system and progressively destroys the body's ability to fight infections and certain cancers.

  • Air Travel

    Detailed information on healthy considerations for air travel, including ways to prevent motion sickness and jet lag

  • Traveler's Checklist

    Detailed checklist for travelers to ensure a safe and healthy trip

  • Traveling With Children

    Detailed information on traveling with children

  • Cholera

    Cholera is an infectious disease caused by bacteria. You can get cholera if you eat food or drink water that is contaminated with the bacteria.

  • Traveling with Chronic Conditions

    See your healthcare provider as early as possible before you leave on your trip. Discuss any risks that may be involved and plan for immunizations, medicine, and medical devices you may need while you're away.

  • Cryptosporidiosis

    Cryptosporidiosis is an infection that causes diarrhea. It is sometimes called Crypto. It is caused by a parasite found in stool.

  • Dengue Fever

    Dengue (pronounced DEN-gee) fever is a viral disease. It is transmitted by mosquitoes mainly in tropical and subtropical areas of the world.

  • Common Health Problems Associated With Travel in Developing Countries

    Detailed information on common health problems associated with travel in developing countries

  • Traveling with Diabetes

    Detailed information on traveling with diabetes

  • Diarrheal Diseases

    Detailed information on the most common types of diarrheal diseases, including cryptosporidiosis, diarrhea, traveler's diarrhea, salmonella infection, and giardiasis

  • Emerging Infectious Diseases

    Detailed information on emerging infectious diseases and how travelers can reduce their risk of infectious diseases

  • Types of Arbovirus Encephalitis

    Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain that is often caused by a viral infection. The arboviruses cause encephalitis and are passed on to people and animals by insects.

  • Traveler's First-Aid Kit

    Detailed list of what a traveler's first-aid kit should include

  • What is Fish and Shellfish Poisoning?

    At certain times of the year, various species of fish and shellfish contain toxins, even if well cooked. The most common type of fish poisoning in travelers is ciguatera fish poisoning.

  • Influenza (Flu)

    Influenza, or flu, is a respiratory tract infection that spreads easily. It is caused by a virus.

  • Staying Healthy While You Travel

    Detailed information on health preparations before you travel and during travel

  • High-Risk Diseases for Travelers

    Detailed information on the most common high risk diseases for travelers, including African trypanosomiasis (African sleeping sickness), mad cow disease, HIV, AIDS, cholera, e. coli, dengue fever, diarrheal disease, cryptosporidiosis, diarrhea, traveler's

  • Traveling with HIV

    Detailed information on traveling with HIV

  • Home Page - Travel Medicine

    Detailed information on the most common high risk diseases for travelers, including African trypanosomiasis (African sleeping sickness), mad cow disease, HIV, AIDS, cholera, e. coli, dengue fever, diarrheal disease, cryptosporidiosis, diarrhea, traveler's

  • Mad Cow Disease (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy)

    BSE is a cattle disease, and vCJD is the equivalent disease in humans. Both are fatal brain diseases. Researchers believe that people become infected by eating beef contaminated with BSE.

  • Malaria

    Malaria is caused by a parasite. It is passed to humans by the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito.

  • Online Resources - Travel Medicine

    List of online resources to find additional information on travel medicine

  • Planning To Travel

    Detailed information on travel and planning to travel

  • Traveling While Pregnant or Breastfeeding

    Detailed information on traveling while pregnant or breastfeeding

  • Animal Bites and Rabies

    Detailed information on animal bites and rabies, including symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention

  • After You Return

    Detailed information on health considerations after returning home from traveling abroad

  • Safety While Traveling Abroad

    Detailed safety information for travelers

  • Salmonella Infections

    Salmonella is caused by the bacteria salmonella. Salmonella is a group of bacteria that can cause diarrhea in humans. There are many different kinds of salmonella bacteria.

  • Cruise Ships

    Detailed information on traveling healthy while on cruise ships

  • What To Do If You Get Sick While Traveling

    Detailed information on how to respond if you become ill or injured while traveling

  • Topic Index - Travel Medicine

    Detailed information on the most common high risk diseases for travelers, including African trypanosomiasis (African sleeping sickness), mad cow disease, HIV, AIDS, cholera, e. coli, dengue fever, diarrheal disease, cryptosporidiosis, diarrhea, traveler's

  • Traveling With Special Needs

    Detailed information for travelers with special needs

  • Special Vaccine Requirements

    Review your immunization history with your healthcare provider and be sure that children over the age of 2 are on schedule with their vaccine series.

  • Medical Information for Americans Traveling Abroad

    Detailed medical information for Americans traveling abroad

  • Traveler's Diarrhea

    Diarrhea is the term for bowel movements that are loose or watery. Traveler's diarrhea occurs within 10 days of travel to an area with poor public hygiene. It’s the most common illness in travelers.

  • Tuberculosis (TB)

    Tuberculosis, or TB, can be a chronic bacterial infection that usually infects the lungs. Other organs, such as the kidneys, spine, or brain may also be involved.

  • Typhoid Fever

    Typhoid fever is a serious infection caused by bacteria. You can get the disease by eating food or drinking water that is contaminated with the bacteria.

  • Routine Vaccination Recommendations

    Specific vaccine recommendations vary depending on age, geographic location, and other risk factors.

  • Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers

    Viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) are illnesses caused by several types of viruses. Some of these viruses cause mild illness. Many others lead to life-threatening diseases with no known cures. One of the best known of this group is the Ebola virus.

  • Yellow Fever

    Yellow fever is a rare viral disease caused by the bite of a mosquito.  It is found mainly in certain areas of Africa and in South America.

  • Diarrhea

    Diarrhea is when your stools are loose and watery. You may also need to go to the bathroom more often.

  • Giardiasis

    Giardiasis is an infection caused by a parasite called Giardia. It causes diarrhea.

  • Meningitis

    Meningitis is inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain. Meningitis can be caused by either a virus or bacteria. Bacterial meningitis may be life-threatening.

  • Ticks and Lyme Disease

    Lyme disease is an infection caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi. This spiral shaped bacterium is most commonly spread by a tick bite.

  • Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli

    One Escherichia coli (E. coli) strain that causes a severe intestinal infection in humans is known as enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC). It’s the most common strain to cause illness in people. It’s different from other E. coli because it produces a potent toxin called Shiga toxin. This toxin damages the lining of the intestinal wall, causing bloody diarrhea.