- Carotid Artery Duplex Scan
A carotid artery duplex scan is an imaging test to look at how blood flows through the carotid arteries in your neck.
- Cerebral Arteriogram
A cerebral arteriogram is a catheter-based exam of the blood vessels in the brain, head, and neck
Cervical Disk Replacement Surgery
Cervical disk replacement surgery involves removing a diseased cervical disk and replacing it with an artificial disk.
Computed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the Brain
Computed tomography (CT or CAT scan) is a diagnostic imagingtest that uses X-rays and computers to make horizontal, or axial, images (often called slices) of the body. A CT scan can make detailed pictures of any part of the body, including the bones, muscles, fat, blood vessels, and organs.
Computed Tomography (CT or CAT) Scan of the Spine
Computed tomography is an imaging test that uses X-rays and computer technology to produce horizontal, or axial, images (often called slices) of the body. It's also called CT or CAT scan. A CT scan shows detailed images of any part of the body, including the bones, muscles, fat, and organs.
A craniotomy is the surgical removal of part of the bone from the skull to expose the brain.
Deep Brain Stimulation
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a type of therapy that uses electrical stimulation to treat neurological conditions such as Parkinson disease (PD), essential tremor, and multiple sclerosis. It can ease symptoms and decrease the amount of medications you need, and improve your quality of life.
An EEG is a procedure that detects abnormalities in your brain waves, or in the electrical activity of your brain.
Electromyography measures your muscle response or electrical activity in response to a nerve's stimulation of your muscle. The test is used to help detect neuromuscular abnormalities.
Electronystagmography (ENG) is a test used to evaluate people with vertigo and certain other hearing and vision disorders. Vertigo is a false sense of spinning or motion that can cause dizziness.
Endoscopic Endonasal Surgery
Endoscopic endonasal surgery is a minimally invasive technique that allows a surgeon to go through the nose to operate on areas at the front of the brain and the top of the spine.
Endoscopic Pituitary Surgery
The pituitary gland is located at the bottom of your brain and above the inside of your nose. Endoscopic pituitary surgery is the most common surgery used to remove pituitary tumors.
Endovascular coiling is used to block blood flow to an aneurysm.
Endovascular Neurosurgery and Interventional Neuroradiology
Endovascular neurosurgery is a subspecialty within neurosurgery that uses catheters and radiology to diagnose and treat various conditions and diseases of the central nervous system.
Evoked Potentials Studies
Evoked potentials studies measure electrical activity in the brain in response to stimulation of sight, sound, or touch.
- Gamma Knife Radiosurgery
Gamma Knife uses very precise beams of gamma rays to treat an area of disease (lesion) or growth (tumor). It's most often used in the brain.
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Wound Healing
Wounds need oxygen to heal properly, and exposing a wound to 100 percent oxygen can, in many cases, speed the healing process.
Lumbar Disk Replacement
A lumbar disk replacement involves replacing a worn or degenerated disk in the lower part of the spine with an artificial replacement made of metal or a combination of metal and plastic.
A lumbar puncture (LP) or spinal tap may be done to diagnose or treat a condition.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the Spine and Brain
MRI may be used to examine the brain and/or spinal cord for injuries or the presence of structural abnormalities or certain other conditions, including tumors or aneurysms.
A myelogram is a diagnostic imaging test done by a radiologist. It uses a contrast dye and X-rays or computed tomography (CT) to look for problems in the spinal canal. Problems can develop in the spinal cord, nerve roots, and other tissues. This test is also called myelography.
Nerve Conduction Velocity
A nerve conduction velocity test measures the speed at which an electrical impulse moves through your nerve. The test identifies nerve damage.
- Positron Emission Tomography
A positron emission tomography (PET) scan is a type of nuclear medicine imaging test. It is used to examine various body tissues to identify certain conditions by looking at blood flow, metabolism, and oxygen use. PET scans may also be used to see how well the treatment of certain diseases is working.
Skull Base Surgery
Skull base surgery may be done to remove both benign and cancerous growths, and abnormalities on the underside of the brain, the skull base, or the top few vertebrae of the spinal column.
During a sympathectomy, a surgeon cuts or clamps a deep nerve that runs up and down along the spine. This prevents nerve signals from passing through it. It is used to treat heavy sweating and certain other conditions.
X-rays of the Spine, Neck, or Back
This procedure may be used to diagnose back or neck pain, fractures or broken bones, arthritis, degeneration of the disks, tumors, or other problems.
- X-rays of the Skull
X-rays use invisible electromagnetic energy beams to make images of internal tissues, bones, and organs on film. Standard X-rays are done for many reasons, including diagnosing tumors or bone injuries.