What Are the 5-Year Survival Rates for Laryngeal Cancer?

Survival rates show the percentage of people with a certain type and stage of cancer who survive it for a certain period of time after they are diagnosed. A 5-year relative survival rate is the percentage of people who are alive 5 years after they are diagnosed compared with the percentage of people who would be alive if they had never gotten cancer of the larynx. These are the people it includes:

  • Those who are free of disease (no signs of cancer)

  • Those who have few or no signs or symptoms of cancer

  • Those who are still being treated for cancer or are being treated again because the cancer came back 

Many people included in the 5-year survival rate live much longer than 5 years after diagnosis. Also, because the statistic is based on people diagnosed and initially treated more than 5 years ago, it's possible that the outlook could be better today. People who are newly diagnosed often have a more favorable outlook. That's because of improvements in treatment.

Survival rates are based on large groups of people. They cannot be used to predict what will happen to a particular person. No two people are exactly alike. Treatment and responses to treatment vary greatly.

These are the 5-year relative survival rates for each site of laryngeal cancer from the National Cancer Database for people diagnosed in 1998-99. If you have recently been diagnosed, you may have a more favorable outlook because of treatment improvements. Your survival rate also depends on the location of the cancer.

Five-year relative survival rates for cancer in the supraglottis:

  • Stage I cancer is 59%

  • Stage II cancer is 59%

  • Stage III cancer is 53%

  • Stage IV cancer is 34%

Five-year relative survival rates for cancer in the glottis:

  • Stage I cancer is 90%

  • Stage II cancer is 74%

  • Stage III cancer is 56%

  • Stage IV cancer is 44%

Five-year relative survival rates for cancer in the subglottis:

  • Stage I cancer is 65%

  • Stage II cancer is 56%

  • Stage III cancer is 47%

  • Stage IV cancer is 32%

Five-year relative survival rates for cancer in the hypopharynx:

  • Stage I cancer is 53%

  • Stage II cancer is 39%

  • Stage III cancer is 36%

  • Stage IV cancer is 24%