What is a phobia?
According to the American Psychiatric Association, a phobia is an uncontrollable, irrational, and persistent fear of a specific object, situation, or activity. The fear experienced by people with phobias can be so great that some people go to extreme lengths to avoid the source of their fear. One extreme response to the source of a phobia can be a panic attack.
Who is affected by phobias?
Every year, approximately 19 million Americans experience 1 or more phobias that range from mild to severe. Phobias can happen in early childhood, but usually are first evident between the ages of 15 and 20 years. They affect both genders equally, although men are more likely to seek treatment for phobias.
What causes phobias?
Research suggests that both genetic and environmental factors contribute to the onset of phobias. Specific phobias have been connected to a fearful first encounter with the phobic object or situation. It is unknown whether this first encounter is necessary or if phobias can develop in people who are prone to them.
What are the 3 primary types of phobias?
What is specific phobia?
Examples may include a fear of the following:
What are the characteristics of specific phobia?
What is social phobia?
Social phobia often happens with the following:
What are the characteristics of social phobia?
Most people experiencing social phobia will try to avoid situations that provoke dread or otherwise cause them much distress.
Diagnosing social phobia
Social phobia disrupts normal life, interfering with career or social relationships. It often runs in families and may be accompanied by depression or alcoholism. Social phobia often begins around early adolescence or even younger. Approximately 7% of American adults ages 18 to 54 experience social phobia in a given year.
What is agoraphobia?
The anxiety associated with agoraphobia is so severe that panic attacks are not unusual. Individuals with agoraphobia typically try to avoid the location or cause of their fear. Agoraphobia involves fear of situations like the following:
People with agoraphobia typically avoid crowded places like streets, crowded stores, churches, and theaters.
What are the characteristics of agoraphobia?
People with the disorder often become so disabled that they literally feel they cannot leave their homes. Others who have agoraphobia, do go into potentially "phobic" situations, but only with great distress, or when accompanied by a trusted friend or family member.
People with agoraphobia may also develop depression, fatigue, tension, alcohol or drug abuse problems, and obsessive disorders, making seeking treatment crucial. Approximately 1.7% of American adults experience agoraphobia in a given year.