Leukemia

blood cells vectorLeukemia is cancer that starts in the tissue that forms blood cells (called bone marrow). Blood cells develop from stem cells in the bone marrow. These stem cells mature into specialized blood cells.

  • White blood cells help fight infection. There are several types of white blood cells.
  • Red blood cells carry oxygen to tissues throughout the body.
  • Platelets help form blood clots that control bleeding.

Different types of white blood cells develop in the bone marrow. A stem cell matures into either a myeloid stem cell or a lymphoid stem cell.

  • A myeloid stem cell matures into a myeloid blast. The blast can form a red blood cell, platelets, or one of several types of white blood cells.
  • A lymphoid stem cell matures into a lymphoid blast. The blast can form one of several types of white blood cells, such as B cells or T cells.

At Huntsman Cancer Institute (HCI) leukemia is treated by a team of specialists, including hematologic oncologists (doctors who specialize in cancers of the blood), medical oncologists, nurses, dietitians, social workers, and other professionals. Learn more about our Hematology Cancer Program.

Types of Leukemia
Blood and Marrow Transplant Program
Education and Support

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Types of Leukemia

There are four common types of leukemia:

  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL): Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes too many lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell.
  • Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML): Chronic myelogenous leukemia is a disease in which the bone marrow makes too many white blood cells.
  • Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL): Adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes too many lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell). This type of cancer usually gets worse quickly if it is not treated.
  • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML): Adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes abnormal myeloblasts (a type of white blood cell), red blood cells, or platelets. This type of cancer usually gets worse quickly if it is not treated. It is the most common type of acute leukemia in adults.

These are less common types of leukemia:

  • Hairy cell leukemia: Hairy cell leukemia is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes too many lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell). This rare type of leukemia is called hairy cell leukemia because the leukemia cells look "hairy" when viewed under a microscope.
  • Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML): A slowly progressing type of myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disease in which too many myelomonocytes (a type of white blood cell) are in the bone marrow, crowding out other normal blood cells, such as other white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets.

For more information about leukemia in children, visit the National Cancer Institute.

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Education and Support

When you or someone you love is diagnosed with cancer, concerns about treatments and managing side effects, hospital stays, and medical bills are common. You may also worry about caring for your family, employment, or how to continue normal daily activities.

There are several places you can go for support:

  • Your health care team can answer your questions and talk to you about your concerns. They can help you with any side effects and keep you informed of all your treatments, test results, and future doctor visits.
  • The G. Mitchell Morris Cancer Learning Center has hundreds of free brochures and more than 3,000 books, DVDs, and CDs available for checkout. You can browse the library, perform Internet research, or talk with a cancer information specialist.
  • Our Patient and Family Support Services offer emotional support and resources for coping with cancer and its impact on daily life to HCI patients and their families.
  • The Linda B. and Robert B. Wiggins Wellness-Survivorship Center offers many programs to increase the quality of life and well-being of HCI patients and their families.

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Adapted from the National Cancer Institute's Physician Data Query (PDQ®) Cancer Information Summaries
This information last updated on HCI website September 2014

Leucemia es cáncer que empieza en el tejido que elabora la sangre, como la médula ósea, y hace que se produzcan grandes cantidades de glóbulos y que entren en el torrente sanguíneo.

Tipos de leucemia
Educación y apoyo
Hematology Cancer Program
Blood and Marrow Transplant Program

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Tipos de leucemia

  • Leucemia linfocítica crónica (LLC): La leucemia linfocítica crónica es un tipo de cáncer por el que la médula ósea produce demasiados linfocitos (un tipo de glóbulo blanco).
  • Leucemia mielógena crónica (LMC): La leucemia mielógena crónica es una enfermedad en la que la médula ósea produce demasiados glóbulos blancos.
  • Leucemia linfoblástica aguda (LLA): La leucemia linfoblástica aguda (LLA) en adultos es un tipo de cáncer por el que la médula ósea fabrica demasiados linfocitos (un tipo de glóbulos blancos).
  • Leucemia mieloide aguda (LMA): Adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes abnormal myeloblasts (a type of white blood cell), red blood cells, or platelets. This type of cancer usually gets worse quickly if it is not treated. It is the most common type of acute leukemia in adults.
  • Leucemia de células pilosas: La leucemia de células pilosas es cáncer de la sangre y la médula ósea. Este tipo de leucemia tiende a empeorar de manera lenta o no empeora en absoluto. La enfermedad se denomina leucemia de células pilosas porque las células leucémicas parecen tener "vellos" cuando se examinan con el microscopio.
  • Leucemia mielomonocítica crónica (LMMC): Tipo de enfermedad mielodisplásica/mieloproliferativa que evoluciona lentamente, en la cual hay demasiados mielomonocitos (un tipo de glóbulo blanco) en la médula ósea que hacen que se aglomeren otras células sanguíneas normales como los glóbulos blancos, los glóbulos rojos y las plaquetas.

Para información sobre la leucemia infantil, visite el Instituto del Cáncer Nacional.

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Educación y apoyo

El Centro de Información del Cáncer es su lugar adecuado para obtener información gratuita sobre el cáncer. Estamos ubicados en el sexto piso del Hospital del Cáncer Huntsman.

El Centro de Información del Cáncer ofrece tres formas de obtener información sobre el cáncer:

  • Llame sin costo a 1-888-424-2100 – oprima “2” para Español
  • Visite nuestra biblioteca en el sexto piso del Hospital del Cáncer Huntsman
  • Envíe un correo electrónico a cancerinfo@hci.utah.edu

Vea estos recursos adicionales:

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Adaptado del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer PDQ® base de datos integral

*If you are interested in a trial that is currently marked *Not Open, please contact the Patient Education team at 1-888-424-2100 or patient.education@hci.utah.edu for other trial options. Enrollment is updated daily.

Forte Research Systems in partnership with Huntsman Cancer Institute

Djordje Atanackovic, M.D.

Specialties: Amyloidosis, Cancer Immunotherapy, Hematology/BMT, Myeloma, Plasma Cell Leukemia, Plasmacytoma, Tumor Immunology

Michael W. Boyer, M.D.

Locations
Huntsman Cancer Hospital (801) 585-2626
Primary Children's Hospital (801) 662-4700

Specialties: Blood and Marrow Transplantation, Hematology/BMT, Pediatric Hematology & Oncology, Stem Cell Transplant

Amie Clark, APRN, FNP

Locations
Huntsman Cancer Hospital (801) 587-4630
Huntsman Cancer Hospital (801) 585-6906

Specialties: Family Nurse Practitioner, Hematology/BMT, Oncology

Michael W. Deininger, M.D., Ph.D.

Locations
Huntsman Cancer Hospital (801) 585-6906
Huntsman Cancer Hospital (801) 587-4630

Specialties: Chronic Myeloid Leukemia, Hematology/BMT, Leukemia, Myeloproliferative Neoplasms

Andrew C. Dietz, M.D., M.S.

Specialties: Blood and Marrow Transplantation, Pediatric Hematology & Oncology

Martha J. Glenn, M.D.

Locations
Huntsman Cancer Hospital (801) 585-0100
Huntsman Cancer Hospital (801) 585-6906

Specialties: Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, Hematology/BMT, Hodgkin Lymphoma, Leukemia, Lymphomas, Lymphoproliferative Diseases, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Oncology

Ahmad Halwani, M.D.

Locations
Huntsman Cancer Hospital (801) 585-2626

Specialties: Hematology/BMT, Medical Oncology

Teresa Herlevi, PA-C

Locations
Huntsman Cancer Hospital (801) 585-0303

Specialties: Hematology/BMT, Physician Assistant

Gerhard Carl Hildebrandt, M.D., FACP

Locations
Huntsman Cancer Hospital (801) 585-6906

Specialties: Amyloidosis, Aplastic Anemia, Hematology/BMT, Immunotherapy, Leukemia, Lymphomas, Multiple Myeloma, Myeloma

Tibor Kovacsovics, M.D.

Locations
Huntsman Cancer Hospital (801) 585-2626
Huntsman Cancer Hospital (801) 585-2626

Specialties: Hematology/BMT

Amanda A. Langemo, M.P.A.S.

Locations
Huntsman Cancer Hospital (801) 587-4477

Specialties: Hematology/BMT, Physician Assistant

Brenda S. Mueggenborg, APRN

Locations
University Hospital (801) 585-3229

Specialties: Hematology/BMT, Nurse Practitioner

Danielle Nance, M.D.

Specialties: Hematology/BMT

J. Dane Osborn, M.D.

Specialties: Hematology/BMT

Charles J. Parker, M.D.

Locations
Huntsman Cancer Hospital (801) 585-3229
Veterans Administration Medical Center (801) 584-1272

Specialties: Hematology/BMT, Hemochromatosis, Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria, Porphyria

Esteban Peña, M.D.

Specialties: Hematology/BMT

Josef T. Prchal, M.D.

Locations
Huntsman Cancer Hospital (801) 585-6906
Veterans Administration Medical Center (801) 582-1565

Specialties: Anemia, Hematology/BMT, Myeloproliferative Disorders, Oncology, Thrombocythemia

Michael Allen Pulsipher, B.A., M.D.

Locations
Huntsman Cancer Hospital (801) 585-0100
Primary Children's Hospital (801) 662-4830
Primary Children's Hospital (801) 662-4700

Specialties: Benign Hematology, Blood and Marrow Transplantation, Brain Tumors, Hematology/BMT, Leukemia, Lymphomas, Neuroblastoma, Pediatric Hematology & Oncology

George M. Rodgers, III, M.D., Ph.D.

Locations
Huntsman Cancer Hospital (801) 585-2626

Specialties: Benign Hematology, Coagulation, Hematology/BMT, Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia

Andrea M. Schindler, APRN

Locations
Huntsman Cancer Hospital (801) 585-6906

Specialties: Hematology/BMT, Nurse Practitioner

Jaime Shahan, PA-C

Locations
Huntsman Cancer Hospital (801) 585-2626

Specialties: Hematology/BMT, Physician Assistant

Paul J. Shami, M.D.

Locations
Huntsman Cancer Hospital (801) 585-0100

Specialties: Hematology/BMT, Leukemia, Myelodysplasia, Oncology

Mary Steinbach, M.S.N., APRN

Locations
Huntsman Cancer Hospital (801) 587-4474

Specialties: Family Nurse Practitioner, Hematology/BMT

Deborah M. Stephens, D.O.

Specialties: Hematology/BMT

John Sweetenham, M.D., FACP, FRCP

Locations
Huntsman Cancer Hospital (801) 585-6906

Specialties: Hematology/BMT, Lymphomas

Renee A. Vadeboncoeur, M.S.N., APRN

Locations
Huntsman Cancer Hospital (801) 585-0100

Specialties: Family Nurse Practitioner, Hematology/BMT

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Make An Appointment

Lauren PitcherHematology Cancer Program
Care coordinator: Lauren Pitcher
Phone: 801-585-6906
E-mail: lauren.pitcher@hci.utah.edu

Did You Know?

  • One in 77 men and women will be diagnosed with leukemia during their lifetimes. An estimated 47,150 new cases of leukemia will be diagnosed in the United States this year.
  • Although leukemia affects approximately 10 times more adults than children, leukemia is the most common cancer among children, with ALL accounting for approximately 70% of all childhood leukemias.
  • Huntsman Cancer Institute refers childhood leukemia cases to Primary Children's Hospital. This facility is recognized as one of the top children's hospitals in the United States and is located on the same medical campus as HCI, allowing our specialists to collaborate in the treatment and management of childhood cancers.
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