Age-related macular degeneration, also called AMD, is the deterioration of the center of the retina called the macula. The macula is the part of the retina which is responsible for our central vision and our ability to see color and fine detail when looking directly at an object. Age-related macular degeneration or AMD is the most common cause of vision loss in people over the age of 55. In the early stages of AMD, there is little or no vision loss. As the disease advances, images can become blurred, distorted, or a dark or empty area can appear in the center of the vision. AMD does not cause total blindness because side vision is not affected. There is some good news relating to macular degeneration. With regular checkups, early diagnosis, and new treatment options, doctors are now able to prevent or minimize the damage that age-related macular degeneration can cause to vision.
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