Types of Arthritis
Bursitis is inflammation of the fluid-filled sac (bursa) that cushions and reduces friction between tissues of the body. The major bursae (plural of bursa) are found near the tendons and large joints, such as the shoulders, elbows, hips, and knees.
Gout is a condition that causes inflamed, painful joints. The symptoms are caused by deposits of urate crystals at the joints.
Septic arthritis is an infection in the joint fluid (synovial fluid) and joint tissues.
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. It is a chronic degenerative joint disease that affects mostly middle-aged and older adults. Osteoarthritis causes the breakdown of joint cartilage. It can occur in any joint, but it most often affects the hands, knees, hips, or spine.
How to Prevent Osteoarthritis
The less unnecessary stress you put on your joints, the less likely they are to wear out prematurely.
Psoriatic arthritis is a form of arthritis associated with psoriasis. Psoriasis is a chronic skin and nail disease. It causes red, scaly rashes and thick, pitted fingernails. Psoriatic arthritis is similar to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in symptoms and joint inflammation.
Reactive Arthritis (Reiter's Syndrome)
Reactive arthritis is a type of arthritis that occurs due to an infection. Arthritis is when joints become inflamed and painful. Reactive arthritis is not contagious. It's also known as Reiter's Syndrome. It mostly affects men ages 20 to 40.
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a type of arthritis that affects the spine. Ankylosing means stiff or rigid, spondyl means spine, and itis refers to inflammation. The disease causes inflammation of the spine and large joints, resulting in stiffness and pain.
Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) is a form of arthritis in children ages 16 or younger. It causes inflammation and stiffness of joints. Unlike adult rheumatoid arthritis, which is chronic and lasts a lifetime, children often outgrow JRA. But the disease can affect bone development in a growing child.
Fibromyalgia is a condition that causes pain in muscles and soft tissues around the body. It is an ongoing (chronic) condition. It can affect the neck, shoulders, back, chest, hips, buttocks, arms and legs.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic disease that causes inflammation of the joints. The inflammation can be so severe that the function and appearance of the hands and other parts of the body can be affected. In the hand, RA may cause deformities in the joints of the fingers. This makes moving the hands difficult. Lumps, known as rheumatoid nodules, may form over small joints in the hands and the wrist.