child at doctor

Pediatric hematology and oncology services evaluates and treats many blood disorders and cancers. Our highly trained specialists work together as a multidisciplinary team to determine the best treatment modalities for children, adolescents and young adults. Our services participates in the international Children's Oncology Group (COG) and provides comprehensive care for pediatric oncology patients.

Our service line staff includes five nurse practitioners, as well as dedicated child life specialists, social workers, nutritionists, care coordinators, integrative medicine, and pharmacy practitioners.

Your child can expect:

  • Comfortable and state of the art consultation rooms, imaging areas and inpatient care facilities
  • Compassionate delivery of diagnosis and treatment procedures
  • Complete support services including social work, patient education, chaplaincy programs and other resources.
  • Coordinated care from highly trained specialists in pediatric blood disorders and childhood cancer
  • Cutting edge basic and translational research studies in pediatric oncology and hematology aimed to improve health and long term survival
  • Specialty clinics for childhood leukemia, brain tumors, sarcomas, solid tumors, and histiocytosis, bleeding and clotting disorders
  • Specialty comprehensive clinics for children and adults with hemophilia

Areas of Service

  • Blood disorders
  • Bleeding and clotting disorders (hemophilia, thrombophilia, thrombosis)
  • Malignant neoplastic diseases of children (pediatric cancers)

Cancer Overview

What is cancer?

Cancer is an abnormal growth of cells. Cancer cells quickly reproduce event without enough space and nutrients. They also grow despite signals sent from the body to stop reproduction. Cancer cells are often shaped differently from healthy cells. They do not work well and can spread to many parts of the body. Tumors, masses, or lesions are names for abnormal growths of tissue that can become cancer. Their growth is not regulated. 

Oncology is the branch of medicine that studies the diagnosis and treatment of cancer.

What do the terms benign and malignant mean?

Tumors can be benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Benign tumors tend to grow slowly and do not spread. Malignant tumors can grow quickly. They invade and destroy nearby normal tissues and spread throughout the body.

What do the terms locally invasive and metastatic mean?

Cancer is malignant because it can be locally invasive and metastatic:

  • Locally invasive.  The tumor can invade the tissues surrounding it by sending out "fingers" of cancerous cells into the normal tissue.

  • Metastatic. The tumor can send cells into other tissues in the body. These may be far from the original tumor.

What are primary tumors?

The original tumor is called the primary tumor. Its cells, which can break off and travel through the body, can start to form new tumors in other organs. These new tumors are called secondary tumors. The cancerous cells travel through your blood – the circulatory system – or lymphatic system to form secondary tumors. The lymphatic system is a series of small vessels that collect waste from cells. It carries it into larger vessels, and finally into lymph nodes. Lymph fluid eventually drains into your bloodstream.

How is each cancer type named?

Cancer is named after the part of the body where it first started. When cancer spreads, it keeps this same name. For instance, if kidney cancer spreads to your lungs, it’s still kidney cancer, not lung cancer. (The cancer in the lung would be an example of a secondary tumor.)

Staging is the process of figuring out if cancer has spread and, if so, how far. More than one system is used for staging cancer. The definition of each stage depends on the type of cancer.

What are the different types of cancer?

Cancer is not just one disease. Rather, it’s a group of diseases, all of which cause cells in the body to change and grow out of control. Cancers are classified by the kind of fluid or tissue from which they come from. Or they can be classified due to the location in the body where they first started. Some cancers are of mixed types. These categories are the tissue and blood classifications of cancer:

  • Carcinoma. A carcinoma is a cancer found in body tissue called epithelial tissue. It covers or lines surfaces of organs, glands, or body structures. For instance, a cancer of the lining of the stomach is called a carcinoma. The two most common types of carcinomas are include squamous and adenocarcinomas. Many carcinomas affect organs or glands that are involved with secretion. These include breasts that make milk. Carcinomas account for 80% to 90% of all cancers.

  • Sarcoma. A sarcoma is a malignant tumor growing from connective tissues. These can include cartilage, fat, muscle, tendons, and bones. The most common sarcoma, a tumor on the bone, usually occurs in young adults. Examples include osteosarcoma (bone) and chondrosarcoma (cartilage).

  • Lymphoma. Lymphoma is a cancer that starts in the nodes or glands of the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system makes white blood cells and cleans body fluids. Some lymphomas start in lymph tissue in organs. These include the brain or stomach. Lymphomas are classified into two categories: Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

  • Leukemia. Leukemia is also known as blood cancer. It’s a cancer of the bone marrow that keeps the marrow from making normal red and white blood cells and platelets. White blood cells are needed to fight infections. Red blood cells are needed to prevent anemia. Platelets keep the body from bruising and bleeding easily. Examples include acute myelogenous leukemia, chronic myelogenous leukemia, acute lymphocytic leukemia, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. The terms myelogenous and lymphocytic indicate the type of cells that are involved.

  • Myeloma. Myeloma grows in the plasma cells of bone marrow. In some cases, the myeloma cells collect in one bone and form a single tumor. This is called a plasmacytoma. However, in other cases, the myeloma cells collect in many bones, forming many tumors. This is called multiple myeloma.

What causes cancer?

Cancer has no single cause. Experts think that it’s the interaction of many factors that leads to cancer. The factors may be genetic, environmental, or lifestyle characteristics.

What are the risk factors for cancer?

Some cancers have been linked with certain risk factors. A risk factor is anything that may increase your chance of getting a disease. A risk factor does not necessarily cause the disease, but it may mean you’re more likely to get it.

People with an increased risk of cancer can reduce their risk by keeping up with screenings. Reducing certain risk factors can also help. Cancer treatment tends to work better when the cancer is found early. Risk factors of cancer include:

  • Lifestyle factors. These include smoking, a high-fat diet, and exposure to ultraviolet light (UV radiation from the sun). These are only risk factors for adult cancers. Most children with cancer are too young to have been exposed to lifestyle factors long-term.

  • Genetic factors. Family history, inheritance, and genetics may play a role in some cancers. Some cancers run in families. Some gene alterations are inherited. However, this does not mean that the person will get cancer. It just means that the chance of getting cancer is higher. It isn’t known if the disease is caused by a genetic mutation, other factors, or a coincidence.

  • Virus exposure. Exposures to certain viruses have been linked to cancer. These include the human papillomavirus (HPV) and HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. These viruses may change your cells in some way. Over time, these changes may become a cancer cell that makes more cancer cells. Cancer isn’t contagious. You cannot get it from another person.

  • Environmental factors. People with certain jobs, such as painters, farmers, construction workers, and those in the chemical industry, seem to have a higher risk of some cancers. This is likely due to exposures to certain chemicals. Other environmental factors in your home may also be linked to cancer. These can include radon, a radioactive gas.

How do genes affect cancer growth?

Certain genes contribute to cancer. Almost all cancers have some type of genetic alteration. A small percentage of these alterations are inherited. But the rest happen by chance.

Three main types of genes can affect cell growth. They are altered, or mutated, in certain types of cancers. These include:

  • Oncogenes. These genes control the normal growth of cells. Scientists say oncogenes are like a cancer "switch" that most people have in their bodies. It isn’t known what "flips the switch" to make abnormal cancer cells grow, though. 

  • Tumor suppressor genes. These genes are able to spot abnormal growth and reproduction of damaged cells, or cancer cells. They can interrupt their reproduction. But if the tumor suppressor genes are mutated and don’t work well, cancer may grow.

  • Mismatch-repair genes. These genes help find errors when DNA is copied to make a new cell. If the DNA does not "match" perfectly, these genes repair the mismatch and correct the error. If these genes aren’t working well, however, errors in DNA can travel to new cells. This causes them to be damaged.

In most cases, the number of cells in our body tissues is tightly controlled. New cells are made for normal growth and development. They also replace dying cells. Cancer is a loss of this balance. It occurs due to genetic changes that "tip the balance" in favor of excessive cell growth.

How do childhood and adult cancers differ?

Diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis for childhood cancers are different than for adult cancers. The main differences are the survival rate and the cause of the cancer. The five-year survival rate for childhood cancer is about 83%. The five-year survival rate for adult cancers is about 68%. This may be because childhood cancer responds better to treatment. Plus, a child can tolerate more aggressive treatment.

Childhood cancers often occur in the stem cells. These are simple cells that make other types of specialized cells that the body needs. A cell change that occurs by chance is often what causes childhood cancer. In adults, the type of cell that becomes cancerous is usually an epithelial cell. This is one of the cells that line the body cavity and cover the body surface. These include the surfaces of organs, glands, or body structures. Cancer in adults usually occurs from environmental exposures to these cells over time. Adult cancers are sometimes called as acquired for this reason.


Diagnosing Cancer

How is cancer diagnosed?

Certain tests are necessary to determine whether a person has cancer, or if another condition (such as an infection) is imitating the symptoms of cancer. Sometimes, it is necessary to repeat testing if the person's condition changes, if a sample collected was not of good quality, or an abnormal test result needs to be confirmed. The correct diagnosis is necessary in order to determine treatment. In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, diagnostic procedures for cancer may include one, or more of, the following:

  • Complete blood count (CBC). This blood test is a measurement of size, number, and maturity of different blood cells in a specific volume of blood. Abnormal cells may indicate cancer. Variation in the normal number, size, and maturity of cells may indicate a problem.

  • Bone marrow aspiration, biopsy, or both. This procedure involves taking a small amount of bone marrow fluid (aspiration) and/or solid bone marrow tissue (called a core biopsy), usually from the back of the hip bones, to be examined for the number, size, and maturity of blood cells and/or abnormal cells.

  • Spinal tap (lumbar puncture). This procedure evaluates the fluid around the spine and brain for pressure and/or infection, and finds any abnormal cells. A special needle is placed into the lower back, into the spinal canal. This is the area around the spinal cord. The pressure in the spinal canal and brain can then be measured. A small amount of cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) can be removed and sent for testing to determine if there is an infection or other problem. CSF is the fluid that bathes the brain and spinal cord.

  • Lymphangiogram (LAG). This is an imaging study that can detect cancer cells or abnormalities in the lymphatic system and structures. A dye is injected into the lymph system.

  • Ultrasound (sonography). This is a diagnostic imaging technique that uses high-frequency sound waves and a computer to create images of blood vessels, tissues, and organs. Ultrasounds are used to view internal organs as they function, and to assess blood flow through various vessels. Tumors in the stomach, liver, and kidneys can often be seen with an ultrasound.

  • Biopsy of the tumor. A biopsy is a procedure in which a sample of tissue is removed from the tumor and examined under a microscope. Biopsies are necessary for a diagnosis, since it gives the most accurate analysis of tissue. 

  • Bone scans. Pictures or X-rays are taken of the bone after a radioactive dye has been injected that is absorbed by bone tissue. These scans are used to find tumors and bone abnormalities.

  • X-rays. These diagnostic tests use invisible electromagnetic energy beams to produce images of internal tissues, bones, and organs on film. X-rays may be taken of any part of the body to detect a tumor (or cancer).

  • CT scan. This is an imaging test that uses X-rays and a computer to make detailed images of the body. A CT scan shows details of the bones, muscles, fat, and organs.

  • Positron emission tomography and CT scans (PET-CT). CT scan provides detailed pictures of tissues and organs while the PET scan reveals any abnormal activity. A more complete image is provided by combining these tests. 

  • MRI. An MRI is a diagnostic procedure that uses a combination of large magnets, radiofrequencies, and a computer to produce detailed images of organs and structures within the body. This test is done without the use of X-rays. 

  • Blood tests. Blood tests are used to evaluate electrolytes, liver function, kidney function, presence of infection, tumor markers (chemicals released by a tumor), and/or genetic testing. Genetic counseling may be recommended to families that are found or suspected to have an inherited predisposition to developing cancer, in order to identify other family members who may be at increased risk.

  • Surgery. Surgery may be necessary to perform a biopsy, remove tumors, remove entire organs affected by disease, and to look for tumors that may not be found with diagnostic imaging.

Cancer Treatment for Children

How is cancer treated?

The group of healthcare professionals who work together to find, treat, and care for people with cancer is called the cancer care team. The cancer care team may include any or all of the following healthcare providers, in addition to others:

  • Primary healthcare providers

  • Pediatricians

  • Pathologists

  • Hematologists

  • Oncology specialists (medical oncologist, radiation oncologist, surgical oncologist)

  • Surgeons (including surgical specialists such as urologists, gynecologists, and neurosurgeons)

  • Anesthesiologists

  • Nurses

  • Oncology nurse specialists

  • Oncology social workers

  • Pharmacists

  • Pastoral care

  • Respiratory therapists

  • Physical therapists

  • Lab technicians

  • Child life therapists

  • Psychologists

  • Radiation technicians

  • Dietitians

Specific treatment for cancer will be determined by your child's healthcare provider based on:

  • Your child's age, overall health, and medical history

  • Type of cancer

  • Extent of disease

  • Development of new treatment options

  • Your child's tolerance for specific medicines, procedures, or therapies

  • Expectations for the course of the disease

  • Your opinion or preference

Treatment for certain types of cancer may include:

  • Chemotherapy

  • Radiation therapy

  • Antibiotics (to prevent and treat infections)

  • Supportive care (to treat or prevent the side effects of treatment, such as nausea, diarrhea, anemia, and mouth sores)

  • Surgery (for organ or tumor removal)

  • Placement of a central line. A central line is a thin, flexible tube called a catheter that is placed in a large vein that supplies the circulatory system. A central line is needed to give your child medicines and blood products. It also provides a site where blood samples can be easily taken without causing pain. There are several different types of central lines that are used in the treatment of cancer. Your child's healthcare provider will explain the benefits of the available central lines.

  • Continual follow-up care (to determine response to treatment, detect recurrence of disease, and manage the effects of treatment)

  • Biological response modifiers and immunotherapy (colony-stimulating factors, interleukins, monoclonal antibodies, tumor necrosis factor, interferons, cytokines, and the development of other biological response modifiers are the latest advances in the fight against cancer. Many of these modifiers are normally found in the body and assist with the immune system's ability to protect the body against invasion.)

In addition, healthcare providers are using the body's own processes to fight disease. In the near future, there may be a development that can make our bodies recognize cancer cells and destroy them or simply filter them out like common viruses.

The two most common forms of treatment for cancer are chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

What is chemotherapy?

Chemotherapy is the use of anticancer medicines to destroy cancerous cells. Chemotherapy has been used for many years and is one of the most common treatments for cancer. Different groups of medicines work in different ways to fight cancer cells. Chemotherapy may be used alone for some types of cancer or in combination with other treatments, such as radiation or surgery. Certain chemotherapy medicines may be given in a specific order depending on the type of cancer it is being used to treat.

While chemotherapy can be quite effective in treating certain cancers, the medicines reach all parts of the body, not just the cancer cells. Because of this, there may be many side effects during treatment. Being able to anticipate these side effects can help you and your child's caregivers prepare and, in some cases, prevent these symptoms from happening.

How does chemotherapy work?

In most cases, chemotherapy works by interfering with the cancer cell's ability to grow or reproduce. Different groups of medicines work in different ways to destroy cancer cells. Often a combination of chemotherapy medicines is used to fight a specific cancer.

How is chemotherapy administered?

Chemotherapy can be given:

  • As a pill or liquid to swallow

  • As an injection into the muscle or fat tissue

  • Intravenously (directly to the bloodstream; also called IV)

  • Topically (applied to the skin)

  • Intrathecal (delivered into the spinal fluid)

What are the side effects of chemotherapy?

Chemotherapy interferes with fast-growing cancer cells, but it also affects some healthy cells. Before receiving chemotherapy for treatment of cancer, many tests are performed to evaluate the baseline (pretreatment) function of heart, kidneys, lungs, eyes, ears, and reproductive organs. Some chemotherapy may affect the function of these organs either during treatment or months to years after treatment. Some treatment may affect fertility. Other potential side effects may include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Bone marrow suppression. Red blood cells that carry oxygen, white blood cells that fight infection, and platelets that help the blood to clot are usually lowered with chemotherapy use. Risk for anemia, fatigue, infection, and bleeding are increased with bone marrow suppression.

  • Mouth sores, skin changes, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Chemotherapy affects the fast-growing cells of the mouth, skin, and gastrointestinal (GI) tract.

  • Hair loss (also called alopecia). Chemotherapy affects the cells of the hair and nails. After treatment is completed, most children's hair will grow back. Texture of hair and fingernails may change.

What is radiation therapy?

Radiation therapy (also called radiotherapy, irradiation or X-ray therapy) uses high energy waves or particles (such as X-rays) to destroy or damage cancer cells. Radiation therapy may be used in several ways depending on the type and location of the cancer. Certain levels of radiation work to destroy cancer cells or prevent cells from growing or reproducing. This treatment may provide a cure for cancer, control the disease, or help relieve its symptoms.

Although each hospital may have specific protocols, radiation therapy usually begins with these procedures:

  • Simulation process. After a physical exam and a review of your child's medical history, the treatment team "maps" out the position your child will be in for each treatment and the exact location on your child's body (referred to as treatment field or port) where the radiation will be given (the simulation process). Sometimes, the area on your child's body that needs treatment will be marked to make sure radiation is given properly. The treatment team may also make molds, headrests, or other devices that help to position your child during your treatment. Imaging studies may also be performed during the simulation process to help plan how to direct the radiation during treatments.

  • Treatment plan. Once the simulation process is completed, the radiation oncologist will determine your child's treatment plan. This will include the type of machine to use, the amount of radiation that is needed, and the number of treatments that will be given.

What are the different types of radiation therapy?

Radiation therapy is given through different methods, depending on the type of cancer, the location of the cancer, and the patient's health. Sometimes, radiation therapy is used in combination with other treatments. The following are some of the different types of radiation therapy with brief explanations of their goals:

  • External radiation (external beam therapy). With external radiation (external beam therapy), radiation is given by a large machine that points the energy waves directly at the tumor. The radiation therapist controls the machine. Since radiation is used to kill cancer cells, special shields may be made to protect the tissue surrounding the treatment area. Radiation treatments are painless and usually last a few minutes.

  • Internal radiation (brachytherapy, implant radiation). With internal radiation (brachytherapy, implant radiation), a high dose of radiation is given inside the body as close to the cancer as possible. The radiation treatment is inserted through a thin tube called a catheter. Some of the radioactive implants are called seeds or capsules. Internal radiation involves giving a higher dose of radiation in a shorter time span when compared with external radiation. Some internal radiation treatments stay in the body temporarily; other internal treatments stay in the body permanently, although the radioactive substance loses its radiation within a short period of time. In some cases, both internal and external radiation therapies are used.

What are the side effects of radiation therapy?

The side effects of radiation depend on the dose and location, and if it is internal or external. Before receiving radiation for treatment of cancer, many tests may be performed to evaluate the baseline (pretreatment) function of heart, kidneys, lungs, eyes, ears and reproductive organs. Some radiation may affect the function of these organs either during treatment or months to years after treatment. Some treatment may affect fertility. The side effects usually relate to the area of the body that is receiving the radiation treatments. Potential side effects may include the following:

  • Hair loss (also called alopecia). Hair loss may happen if radiation therapy of the head is given. After treatment is completed, most children's hair will grow back.

  • Bone growth. Bone growth may also be affected, especially with young children who are still having significant bone growth. Height stature and/or limbs may be shortened because of the effect of radiation.

  • Skin changes. The skin may be more sensitive, reddened, or irritated after having radiation. Skin care is an important part of radiation treatment. Skin changes are short-term effects of radiation. Your child's healthcare provider will explain the necessary prevention and treatment of any skin problems related to radiation.

  • Diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. If radiation therapy of the pelvis or stomach is given, a child may experience diarrhea, nausea, and/or vomiting.

  • Fatigue. Extreme tiredness called fatigue is common with radiation therapy. It may get worse as treatment goes on and can last for months after treatment ends.

Zeinab A. Afify, M.D.

Dr. Afify received her medical degree from University of Alexandria, Egypt, Faculty of Medicine. She completed her Pediatric residency and Pediatric Hematology Oncology fellowship in Riley Hospital for Children, Indiana University. She was on the faculty in the department of Pediatrics in Alexandria University for 10 years. She also took clinical ... Read More


Pediatric Hematology & Oncology


Eccles Primary Children’s Outpatient Services Building (801) 662-1000
Primary Children's Hospital
Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
(801) 662-4700

Phillip E. Barnette, M.D., D.V.M.

Phillip Barnette, MD, DVM, is an associate professor in the University of Utah School of Medicine and a member of the Experimental Therapeutics Program at Huntsman Cancer Institute. He is a pediatric oncologist-hematologist. Barnette is interested in the study of acute childhood leukemia, clinical trials of leukemia, and research and therapeutic a... Read More


Pediatric Hematology & Oncology


Primary Children's Hospital
Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
(801) 662-4700

Michael W. Boyer, M.D.

Patient Rating:


4.7 out of 5

Dr. Boyer is currently the Director of the University of Utah Blood and Marrow Transplant Program, which encompasses both adult and pediatric bone marrow transplant, with clinical services at the Huntsman Cancer Institute (Clinic 2C) and at Primary Children's Medical Center. He is also the Medical Director for the University of Utah Cell Therapy F... Read More


Blood and Marrow Transplantation, Hematology/BMT, Pediatric Hematology & Oncology, Stem Cell Transplant


Huntsman Cancer Hospital
Clinic 2C/BMT, Blood and Marrow Transplant
(801) 585-2626
Primary Children's Hospital
Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
(801) 662-4700

Carol S. Bruggers, M.D.

Dr. Bruggers received her medical degree from Michigan State University in 1984,completed her Pediatric Residency at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center in Denver, Colorado, and her Pediatric Hematology Oncology Fellowship at Duke University in North Carolina. She joined the faculty in the Department of Pediatrics, University of Utah... Read More


Pediatric Hematology & Oncology


Primary Children's Hospital
Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
(801) 662-4700

Michael E. Engel, M.D., Ph.D., F.A.A.P.

Michael Engel, MD, PhD, attended the Vanderbilt University School of Medicine in Nashville, TN. He completed his Pediatric residency training and subspecialty training in Pediatric Hematology/Oncology at the Monroe Carell Jr. Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt. He recently joined the faculty of the University of Utah School of Medicine and Primar... Read More


Pediatric Hematology & Oncology


Primary Children's Hospital (801) 662-4700

Douglas Fair, M.D., M.S.

Dr. Fair received his medical degree from Albany Medical College, completed his Pediatric residency at UT Southwestern in Austin at Dell Children´s Hospital, and his Pediatric Hematology/ Oncology Fellowship here at the University of Utah. He also received additional training in Clinical Research through the Masters of Science in Clinical Investiga... Read More


Pediatric Hematology & Oncology


Primary Children's Hospital (801) 662-2900

Mark N. Fluchel, M.D.

Dr. Fluchel received his medical degree from Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, completed his Pediatric residency at Seattle Children´s Hospital, and his Pediatric Hematology and Oncology Fellowship at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. He joined the faculty of the University of Utah in 2007, where he is currently an Associate Profes... Read More


Pediatric Hematology & Oncology


Primary Children's Hospital
Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
(801) 662-4700

Andrew C. Harris, M.D.

Dr. Harris received his medical degree from the Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine in Cleveland, Ohio. He then completed his Pediatric residency at the Cleveland Clinic Children’s Hospital and his Pediatric Hematology-Oncology and Blood and Marrow Transplantation fellowship at the C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital at the University of M... Read More


Pediatric Hematology & Oncology


Primary Children's Hospital (801) 662-4700

Richard S. Lemons, M.D., Ph.D.

Richard Lemons, MD, PhD, is a professor in the Department of Pediatrics at the University of Utah School of Medicine, medical director and chief of pediatric hematology/oncology at Primary Children's Medical Center and the University of Utah, and a Huntsman Cancer Institute investigator. He is involved in various clinical trials for pediatric malig... Read More


Hemophilia, Pediatric Hematology & Oncology


Primary Children's Hospital
Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
(801) 662-4700

Luke Maese, D.O.

Dr. Maese received his medical degree from the Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences in Kansas City, Missouri. He then completed his pediatric residency at the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and went on to complete a clinical fellowship in pediatric hematology/oncology at the University of Utah. He joine... Read More


Pediatric Hematology & Oncology


Primary Children's Hospital
Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
(801) 662-4700

Jessica A. Meznarich, M.D.

Dr. Meznarich received her medical degree from the University of Washington School of Medicine in Seattle, Washington.  She then completed her residency in Pediatrics and fellowship in Pediatric Hematology and Oncology at the University of Utah/Primary Children’s Hospital in Salt Lake City, Utah. She joined the faculty of the University of Utah in ... Read More


Pediatric Hematology & Oncology


Primary Children's Hospital (801) 662-2900

Elizabeth Ann Raetz, M.D.

Dr. Raetz received her medical degree and completed residency training at the University of Wisconsin. She completed a fellowship in Pediatric Hematology-Oncology at the University of Utah and was a member of the faculty from 1998 to 2002. Dr. Raetz returned to the faculty of the University of Utah in 2014, where she is a Professor in the Division... Read More

Joshua D. Schiffman, M.D.

Dr. Schiffman received his medical degree from Brown University School of Medicine, completed his Pediatric Residency, Pediatric Chief Residency, and Pediatric Hematology/Oncology Fellowship at Stanford University. He has been an investigator at the Huntsman Cancer Institute since 2008, and a faculty member at the University of Utah since 2009. Dr.... Read More


Pediatric Hematology & Oncology


Huntsman Cancer Hospital (801) 585-0100
Primary Children's Hospital
Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
(801) 662-4700

David C. Shyr, M.D.

Dr. Shyr received his medical degree from Medical College of Wisconsin, completed his Pediatric residency at UC San Diego/Rady Children’s Hospital, his Pediatric Hematology/Oncology fellowship at CHOC Children’s Hospital, and his Pediatric Stem Cell Transplant fellowship at Baylor College of Medicine/Texas Children’s Hospital.  He was an attending ... Read More


Pediatric Hematology & Oncology


Primary Children's Hospital (801) 662-2900

Holly Spraker-Perlman, M.D.

Dr. Holly Spraker-Perlman received her medical degree from Medical College of Virginia. She then completed her pediatric residency from Emory University and a dual fellowship in Pediatric Hematology/Oncology and Hospice and Palliative Care from Saint Jude Children’s Research Hospital, Tennessee. She is board certified in Pediatrics, Pediatric Onco... Read More


Pediatric Hematology & Oncology, Pediatric Palliative Care


Primary Children's Hospital (801) 662-4700

Anupam R. Verma, M.D.

Anupam Verma, MD, is an assistant professor and physician in the Division of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology at the University of Utah, an investigator at the Huntsman Cancer Institute (HCI), and a member of the Experimental Therapeutics program. In her clinical work at Primary Children’s Medical Center, she cares for children with blood diseases... Read More


Pediatric Hematology & Oncology


Primary Children's Hospital (801) 662-4700
Primary Children's Hospital
Pediatric Hematology/Oncology

Hassan M. Yaish, M.D.

Hassan M Yaish, MD. Medical Director, Intermountain Hemophilia and Thrombosis Treatment Center. Graduated from college of Medicine, University of Damascus in 1964 Internship in internal medicine and pediatrics at Augesta Victoria Hospital in Jerusalem and Damascus city Hospital in Damascus, Syria. Residency in pediatrics at the Royal medical servic... Read More


Pediatric Hematology & Oncology


Primary Children's Hospital
Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
(801) 662-4700
Primary Children's Hospital (PCH) 100 N. Mario Capecchi Dr.
Salt Lake City, UT 84113