airway

One of the specialties our pediatric surgeons are trained in is procedures specific to the airway and pulmonary tract (the lungs). These can include treatment of lung malformations and tumors or airway obstructions and congenital abnormalities.

  • Airway obstruction
  • Bronchogenic cyst (abnormal cysts found in the part of the chest cavity separating the lungs)
  • Bronchoscopy
  • Congenital tracheal stenosis (airway blocked by scars)
  • Empyema (build-up of fluid putting pressure on the lungs)
  • Lung abscess & tumors
    • Lung malformations
    • Pulmonary sequestration (tissue mass in the lung that has no respiratory function and does not interact with the lung systems)
    • CCAM or congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (cystic or solid lung tumor)
    • CPAM or congenital pulmonary airway malformation (a lobe of the lung is a non-working piece of abnormal lung tissue)
    • Pulmonary emphysema (congenital)
  • Tracheomalacia (airway too soft or floppy)

Anatomy of the Respiratory System in Children

What is respiration?

Respiration is the act of breathing in and breathing out. When you inhale, you take in oxygen. When you exhale, you give off carbon dioxide.

What makes up the respiratory system?

The respiratory system is made up of the organs involved in the interchanges of gases and consists of the:

  • Nose

  • Mouth

  • Throat (pharynx)

  • Voice box (larynx)

  • Windpipe (trachea)

  • Airways (bronchi)

  • Lungs

The upper respiratory tract includes the following:

  • Nose

  • Nasal cavity

  • Sinuses

The lower respiratory tract includes the following:

  • Voice box (larynx)

  • Windpipe (trachea)

  • Lungs

  • Airways (bronchi and bronchioles)

  • Air sacs (alveoli)

What is the function of the lungs?

The lungs take in oxygen, which the body's cells need to live and carry out their normal functions. They also get rid of carbon dioxide, a waste product of the cells.

The lungs are a pair of cone-shaped organs made up of spongy, pinkish-gray tissue. They take up most of the space in the chest, or the thorax (the part of the body between the base of the neck and diaphragm). The lungs are enveloped in a membrane called the pleura and separated from each other by the mediastinum: This area contains the following:

  • Heart and its large vessels

  • Trachea (windpipe)

  • Esophagus

  • Thymus gland

  • Lymph nodes

The right lung has 3 lobes. The left lung has 2 lobes. When you breathe, the air:

  • Enters the body through the nose or the mouth.

  • Travels down the throat through the larynx (voice box) and trachea (windpipe).

  • Goes into the lungs through tubes called main-stem bronchi:

    • One main-stem bronchus leads to the right lung and one to the left lung

    • In the lungs, the main-stem bronchi divide into smaller bronchi

    • Then into even smaller tubes called bronchioles

    • Bronchioles end in tiny air sacs called alveoli

Douglas C. Barnhart, M.D., M.S.P.H.

Dr. Douglas Barnhart’s daily clinical practice includes all common pediatric surgical problems including inguinal hernias, undescended testicles, hydroceles and feeding access (gastrostomy tube placement). He has a particular interest in minimal access surgery including the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux,... Read More

Specialties:

Pediatric Surgery, Pediatric Trauma Surgery

Locations:

Rock Canyon Pediatric Specialists - Intermountain Clinics (801) 357-1700
PCH Outpatient Services at Riverton (801) 662-2950
Pediatric Surgery (801) 662-2950

Richard E. Black, M.D.

Dr. Richard E. Black’s clinical interests include all aspects of pediatric surgery. He has special interests in chest wall repair, foreign body extraction, gastroschisis, omphalocele, and pediatric trauma. He has over 30 years experience in inguinal hernias, appendectomies, inflammatory bowel disease and congeni... Read More

Specialties:

Pediatric Surgery, Pediatric Trauma Surgery

Locations:

Rock Canyon Pediatric Specialists - Intermountain Clinics (801) 357-1700
PCH Outpatient Services at Riverton (801) 662-2950
Pediatric Surgery (801) 662-2950

Earl C. Downey, M.D.

Dr. Downey has over 25 years of experience in pediatric surgery and pediatric trauma. He has special expertise in minimally invasive surgery and gastroesophageal reflux disease

Dr. Downey specializes in the follow... Read More

Specialties:

Pediatric Surgery, Pediatric Trauma Surgery

Locations:

Rock Canyon Pediatric Specialists - Intermountain Clinics (801) 357-1700
PCH Outpatient Services at Riverton (801) 662-2950
Pediatric Surgery (801) 662-2950

Stephen J. Fenton, B.A., M.D.

Dr. Stephen Fenton is an attending surgeon in the Division of Pediatric General, Thoracic, and Neonatal Surgery at Primary Children’s Hospital. He is also an Assistant Professor of Surgery at the University of Utah School of Medicine. Prior to his training in pediatric surgery at the Children’s Hospital of Phi... Read More

Specialties:

Pediatric Surgery

Locations:

Rock Canyon Pediatrics Specialist - Intermountain Health Services (801) 357-1700
PCH Outpatient Services at Riverton (801) 662-2950
Primary Children's Hospital (801) 662-2950

Rebecka L. Meyers, M.D.

Dr. Rebecka Meyers, an international expert in hepatoblastoma and liver tumors, clinically specializes in pediatric surgical oncology, pectus excavatum, and conjoined twins. She served as Chief of the Division of Pediatric Surgery from 2001-2011 and is a recognized leader in the field of pediatric surgery. <... Read More

Specialties:

Pediatric Surgery, Pediatric Trauma Surgery

Locations:

Rock Canyon Pediatric Specialists - Intermountain Clinics (801) 357-1700
PCH Outpatient Services at Riverton (801) 662-2950
Pediatric Surgery (801) 662-2950

Michael D. Rollins, II, M.D.

Dr. Rollins is a board certified Pediatric Surgeon with expertise in the treatment of patients with imperforate anus and Hirschsprung’s disease. He is the founder and director of the Pediatric Colorectal Center at Primary Children's Medical Center. The focus of the Center is on the multidisciplinary care and l... Read More

Specialties:

Pediatric Surgery, Pediatric Trauma Surgery

Locations:

Rock Canyon Pediatrics Specialists - Intermountain Health Services (801) 357-1700
PCH Outpatient Services at Riverton (801) 662-2950
Colorectal Center (801) 662-1619
Pediatric Surgery (801) 662-2950

Eric R. Scaife, M.D.

Dr. Eric R. Scaife clinical interests include all aspects of Pediatric Surgery including common issues as inguinal hernia, umbilical hernia, hydrocele, undescended testicle. His specialty referrals include gastroesophageal reflux disease, chest wall deformities (pectus excavatum and pectus carinatum), Inflammat... Read More

Specialties:

Pediatric Surgery, Pediatric Trauma Surgery

Locations:

Rock Canyon Pediatric Specialists - Intermountain Clinics (801) 357-1700
PCH Outpatient Services at Riverton (801) 662-2950
Pediatric Surgery (801) 662-2950

David E. Skarda, M.D.

David E. Skarda, M.D. has specialized training and experience in minimally invasive surgical treatment for babies, children and teenagers. He is a board certified pediatric surgeon and attending physician in the Division of Pediatric Surgery at Primary Children’s Medical Center. His passion is providing leading ... Read More

Specialties:

Pediatric Surgery, Pediatric Trauma Surgery

Locations:

Rock Canyon Pediatrics Specialist - Intermountain Health Services (801) 357-1700
PCH Outpatient Services at Riverton (801) 662-2950
Pediatric Surgery (801) 662-2950
Primary Children's Hospital 100 North Mario Capecchi Dr., Ste 2600
Salt Lake City, UT 84112
Map
(801) 662-2950
Riverton Clinic/Primary Children’s Outpatient Clinic 3773 West 12600 South Ste. 300
Riverton, UT 84065
Map
(801) 662-2950
Rock Canyon Pediatric Specialists 1134 North 500 West, Ste. 101
Provo, Utah 84604
Map
(801) 357-1700