Other Vasectomy Issues
An animal model in the early 1980s based on a small number of animals suggested that vasectomized monkeys develop a high cardiovascular plaque burden several years after their surgery, and this has led to concerns that anti-sperm antibodies that form after cutting the ends of the vasa promote endothelial injury. However, large population-based studies have shown no correlation between vasectomy history and either atherosclerosis or myocardial infarction.
Retrospective and prospective studies have suggested a possible link between vasectomy and the development of prostate cancer. This was evaluated in population-based studies both in the U.S. and abroad; while there is a small elevation of the relative risk of prostate cancer, all of the studies concluded that this is more likely due to introduced biases rather than a causal relationship. For example, men who have vasectomies by urologists are more likely to have follow-up later by urologists and thus have screening for prostate cancer.
A large Danish study looked at the relationship between vasectomy and testicular cancer and concluded that there was neither a causal relationship nor did vasectomy promote the growth of preexisting testicular lesions.
Bone Density and Autoimmune disorders
Antisperm antibodies may develop after the blood-testis barrier is violated by dividing the vasa. However, even with long-term follow-up, no relationship has been found between vasectomy and a wide variety of immune-related conditions, and also no relationship between vasectomy and dementia (which was suggested in a case-controlled study). Additionally, although there may be alterations in the hypothalamic-pituitary-testis axis, vasectomy does not appear to cause decrease in bone density.
William O. Brant, M.D., FECSMLocations
|Redstone Health Center||(801) 213-2700|
|South Jordan Health Center|
|University Hospital||(801) 213-2704|
Specialties: Erectile Dysfunction, General Urology, Male Incontinence, Men's Health, Trauma and Reconstructive Urology, Urology, Vasectomy
Craig A. Ensign, P.A.Locations
|South Jordan Health Center||(801) 213-4500|
Specialties: General Urology, Physician Assistant, Urology
Blake D. Hamilton, M.D.Locations
|South Jordan Health Center|
|University Hospital||(801) 581-7674|
Specialties: Endourology, General Urology, Laparoscopy, Stone Disease, Urology, Vasectomy
James M. Hotaling, M.D., FECSMLocations
|Utah Center for Reproductive Medicine||(801) 587-1454|
Specialties: Andrology, General Urology, Men's Health, Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility, Urology
Jeremy B. Myers, M.D.Locations
|University Hospital||(801) 213-2702|
Specialties: Bladder Augmentation, Complications of Spinal Cord Injury, Complications of Urologic Surgery, Female Incontinence, General Urology, Mesh Erosion, Neurogenic Bladder, Pelvic Fractures and Urethral Injury, Radiation Injuries, Trauma and Reconstructive Urology, Ureteral Stricture, Urethral Stricture, Urinary Diversion, Urinary Strictures and Fistula, Urology, Vesicovaginal Fistula
Andrew W. Southwick, M.D.Locations
|University Hospital||(801) 587-4888|
Specialties: Endourology, General Urology, Laparoscopy, Stone Disease, Vasectomy