Intrauterine insemination can help many couples with mild to moderate abnormalities on semen analysis or who have unexplained infertility or mild endometriosis. It requires normal fallopian tubes. Artificial insemination can be coupled with medications (pills or injections) that increase the number of egg ovulated in the treatment cycle. The extra ovulation or “superovulation” is thought to increase the pregnancy rate per cycle.

Most studies show that, among untreated couples with infertility, spontaneous pregnancy rates are about 1–5% per cycle. Intrauterine insemination results in pregnancy rate of 10%–20% per cycle. This is at least a doubling of the pregnancy rate per cycle. But this also means that most couples may require four to six inseminations to benefit from the full advantage of this treatment.

Description of the Treatment

Using your own menstrual cycle or taking medication: Your doctor may recommend insemination during your cycle without additional medications. In other situations he/she may recommend the addition of medication to help increase the number of ovulated eggs. This medication could be clomid taken days 3–7 of the cycle or injectable fertility medication taken daily starting day 3 of the cycle until the day of ovulation. The dose is adjusted to achieve a good response, as determined by ultrasound. Finding the right dose is a matter of trial and error.

Checking the response with ultrasound: In most patients, it is helpful to use vaginal ultrasound to know whether the response to mediation is effective (more than one egg will be released) but not dangerous (more than three eggs will be released). More than three eggs can results in high order multiple pregnancies that can be dangerous on the mom and babies.

Timing the IUI: IUI is done on the day of ovulation. As per your physician instruction, the IUI can be timed by ovulation predictor kits (we like Clear Blue Easy) or using an injection (HCG) to trigger the ovulation and time the IUI. The injection can be particularly helpful if patients with normal cycles and normal ovulation do not get a good signal on an ovulation predictor kit or if the predictor kits become positive on days where there is no ovulation (false positive).

Doing the IUI: On the day of intrauterine insemination, the partner gives a sperm sample to the lab for preparation. The preparation concentrates the good sperm and transfers them to a fluid that does not irritate the uterus. The preparation takes an hour or a little more. Once the sperm are prepared, one of our nurses takes the woman to a procedure room and performs the IUI. A small catheter is fed through the cervix and the sperm are ejected into the uterus. It is sometimes accompanied by cramps. This is quite variable. The women typically rest in the room for 10 minutes after the IUI. There may be some spotting afterwards. For some couples the man will arrive to give the specimen, leave for work, and the woman will arrive later for the insemination. Or they can be together both for the collection of sperm and for the IUI procedure. It is up to them. After the IUI, the woman can resume her normal life and her usual activity level.

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Complications and Risks

Multiple Pregnancy: Even though we use clomid in order to increase the number of eggs available for fertilization, multiple pregnancies are uncommon. It is partly because many, probably most, eggs do not have normal potential for fertilization and pregnancy. Furthermore, we monitor the effect of the clomid with ultrasound to make sure we are not causing too many eggs to be released. Therefore, with careful monitoring, we do not expect twin rates to be above 10%, nor triplets to be above 1%.

Infection: The IUI can set off an infection that may be serious. Such infections may be painful, require hospitalization for treatment and produce lasting damage to the fallopian tubes. Fortunately they are very rare. We estimate they occur in one in one thousand insemination procedures.

Pain and cysts: Even normal ovulation occasionally is painful at the time it occurs or for a few days afterwards. It may leave a residual fluid filled structure (“cyst”) that can last for weeks or a month or two. Since the medications increase the number of eggs ovulated, the occurrence of pain during or after ovulation, or cysts that are seen after ovulation is correspondingly more common. These are rare problems and almost never cause need for major medical intervention. They resolve on their own without intervention usually.

Mood changes: Women may notice more sadness or irritability while taking some fertility medications. The extent of this is quite variable. Some notice nothing. Rarely, is it sufficient to require change to a different medication. You should discuss this effect with your physician if it is severe for you.

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How Often Should Treatment Be Done?

It is probably wisest to think of three to six cycles as a good trial of this treatment. Information acquired during the initial cycles may be helpful in determining how many cycles might be worthwhile. Excellent data about sperm quality are derived from the preparations done for insemination. The ultrasounds may find features of the ovaries or uterus that guide care as well. Whether or not to continue after three or four cycles should be discussed at a follow-up appointment with your physician.

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What If We Become Pregnant?

We feel it is important to assess the health of early pregnancy with measures of pregnancy hormone in the blood and later with ultrasound at about four weeks from ovulation or six weeks from the start of the last menstrual cycle. We make sure the pregnancy is off to a good start before referring you for obstetrical care. If you know or think you may be pregnant, contact us in the following ways to arrange for follow-up:

Phone: (801) 581-7330

Email

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Donor Sperm Insemination

  • Insemination Success Rates
    The success rate of donor sperm inseminations depends on patient age and diagnosis. The average pregnancy rate is approximately 10% per cycle. It is recommended that most patients undergo at least three to six inseminations to give the treatment an adequate opportunity to be successful, depending on your medical situation.
  • Known Sperm Donors
    Known sperm donors, those known to the patient but not an intimate partner, will be required to undergo screening, sperm cryopreservation and quarantine for at least six months at an established third-party sperm bank before their samples may be used for insemination at UCRM. UCRM is not a sperm bank.
  • Sperm Banks

    California Cryobank
    Xytex

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Douglas T. Carrell, Ph.D., H.C.L.D.

Doug Carrell received his Ph.D. degree in reproductive physiology from the University of Utah in 1995, after receiving a M.S. degree in cellular and developmental biology from Brigham Young University. Dr. Carrell has worked in the area of research and treatment of human infertility for 30 years. Dr. Carrell is ... Read More

Specialties:

Andrology, In Vitro Fertilization, Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility

Locations:

Andrology & IVF Laboratories (801) 581-3740

Specialties:

Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility

Locations:

Utah Center for Reproductive Medicine (801) 581-3834

Ahmad O. Hammoud, M.D., M.P.H.

Ahmad O. Hammoud, M.D., is a physician specializing primarily in Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility. He received his medical degree from Saint Joseph University. He then finished his residency in OBGYN at Wayne State University in Michigan. In 2005, Dr. Hammoud completed a fellowship in Reproductive End... Read More

Specialties:

In Vitro Fertilization, Obstetrics, Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility

Locations:

South Jordan Health Center (801) 581-3834
Utah Center for Reproductive Medicine (801) 581-3834
Utah Valley Regional Medical Center (801) 581-3834

James M. Hotaling, M.D., FECSM

Dr. Hotaling has significant training in both the clinical aspects of male fertility and genetic epidemiology and he is currently the only fellowship trained male infertility/andrology expert in Utah. He completed a 6 year residency in urology at the University of Washington, elected to pursue a year of sub-sp... Read More

Specialties:

Andrology, General Urology, Men's Health, Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility, Urology

Locations:

Utah Center for Reproductive Medicine (801) 587-1454

Erica B. Johnstone, M.D.

Erica B. Johnstone, M.D., M.H.S., is a gynecologist and reproductive endocrinologist in the Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility. Dr. Johnstone clinical interests include reproductive endocrine disorders and all types of infertility, and she also works with hormonal disorders in children and ad... Read More

Specialties:

In Vitro Fertilization, Menopause, Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility

Locations:

Centerville Health Center
Madsen Health Center
South Jordan Health Center (801) 581-3834
Utah Center for Reproductive Medicine (801) 581-3834

William R. Keye, M.D.

William R. Keye, M.D., is a board-certified physician specializing in obstetrics and gynecology, as well as reproductive endocrinology and infertility. He received his medical degree from the University of Minnesota, and was an original member of the University of Utah’s I.V.F.(in vitro fertilization) team. He s... Read More

Specialties:

Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility

Locations:

Redstone Health Center (801) 581-3834
South Jordan Health Center (801) 581-3834
Utah Center for Reproductive Medicine (801) 581-3834

Specialties:

Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility

Locations:

A location has not yet been added by this physician.

Andrew K. Moore, M.D.

As a sixth-generation resident of Utah Valley, Dr. Moore is pleased to bring the University of Utah’s world-class reproductive medicine closer to home for Utah Valley and southern Salt Lake county residents. He has office hourse daily in Orem, and also each week in South Jordan. During his first year of practi... Read More

Specialties:

Endometriosis, In Vitro Fertilization, Minimally Invasive Pelvic Surgery, Pelvic Pain, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, Recurrent Miscarriage, Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility, Robotic Surgery, Tubal Ligation Reversal

Locations:

Parkway Health Center (801) 581-3834
Utah Center for Reproductive Medicine (801) 581-3834
Utah Valley Regional Medical Center (801) 581-3834

C. Matthew Peterson, M.D.

Matthew Peterson, M.D., is a Reproductive Endocrinologist in the University of Utah Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Dr. Peterson received his undergraduate degree, magna cum laude from Brigham Young University in 1977 and his M.D. from the University of Utah in 1981. His residency training in obstetrics... Read More

Specialties:

Adolescent Gynecology, Endometriosis, Gynecological Surgery, Gynecology, In Vitro Fertilization, Minimally Invasive Pelvic Surgery, Pediatric Gynecology, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility, Tubal Ligation Reversal, Women's Genetic Counseling

Locations:

Centerville Health Center (801) 581-3834
Parkway Health Center (801) 581-3834
South Jordan Health Center (801) 581-3834
University Hospital (801) 581-3834
Utah Center for Reproductive Medicine (801) 581-3834

Reproductive Medicine services are available at the Utah Center for Reproductive Medicine as well as multiple locations through out the state of Utah, including Centerville, Orem, South Jordan and Park City. Our reproductive endocrinologists offer a wide range of services including:

  • Infertility counseling
  • Infertility monitoring and treatment
  • IUD insertion and removal
  • Annual gynecological exams
  • Endocrinology
  • Diagnosis and treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome
  • In vitro fertilization
  • Treatment of endometriosis
  • Pediatric and adolescent gynecology services

Our highly trained reproductive endocrinology specialists are experts in both the treatment and research of infertility and our clinic consistently boasts one of the highest success rates in the nation.

Neighborhood Health Center Locations:

Utah Center for Reproductive Medicine 675 Arapeen Way, Suite 205
Salt Lake City, Utah 84108-1237
Map
University of Utah Health Care
Centerville Health Center
26 South Main
Centerville, Utah 84014
Map
Dixie Regional Medical Center 544 South 300 East
St. George, UT 84770
Map
McKay Dee Hospital 4401 Harrison Blvd.
Ogden, UT 84403
Map
University of Utah Health Care
Redstone Health Center
1743 W. Redstone Center Drive, #115
Park City, Utah 84098
Map
University of Utah Health Care
South Jordan Health Center
1091 W. South Jordan Parkway, Suite 500
South Jordan, 84095
Map
Utah Valley Regional Medical Center
Woman’s and Children’s Clinic
1034 N 500 W
Provo, Utah 84604
  • FAZST
    Keywords: Fertility, reproductive medicine, pregnancy outcomes, folic acid and zinc supplementation trial, semen quality, infertility
    Status: Recruiting
  • MORENDO
    Keywords: Endometriosis
    Status: Active, not recruiting
  • Healthy Conceptions for Couples Intervention Pilot Study
    Keywords: Infertility, Obesity, polycystic ovarian syndrome, emotionally focused therapy, weight loss
    Status: Recruiting