Anterior V. Posterior Surgery for Isthmic Spondylolisthesis (I-Spondy)

Principal Investigator: Darrel Brodke
Keywords: isthmic spondylolisthesis , lumbar spine Department: Orthopedic Surgery
IRB Number: 00087670 Co Investigator: Brandon  Lawrence
Specialty: Spine Surgery, Spine Surgery
Sub Specialties: Degenerative Spine Surgery,
Recruitment Status: Not yet recruiting

Contact Information

Ashley Woodbury

Brief Summary

The aim of this study is to compare outcomes and cost-effectiveness of anterior versus posterior surgical treatment for lumbar isthmic spondylolisthesis (IS). The primary objective is to compare treatment effectiveness in terms of functional outcomes as measured by Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) v2.1a and to compare safety outcomes measured by treatment-related adverse events. Secondary objectives are to compare treatments in terms of differences in pain, quality of life, health utilities, and need for re-operation. Finally, a cost-effectiveness analysis will be performed. This analysis will take the form of cost-effectiveness if there is a difference in treatment effects or cost-minimization if there is no difference in treatment efficacy

Inclusion Criteria

 Aged 18 to 80 years, inclusive
 Grade I, II or III (less than 75% slip of the cephalad vertebra compared to the caudal vertebra) IS at single level between L4 and S1
 Unresponsive to a minimum of 3 months of non-surgical treatment
 No previous surgical treatment for IS
 Patients who are medically suitable for surgical management
 Patients who have consented for surgical treatment
 Willing and able to comply with the Investigational Protocol (IP)
 Informed Consent Form (ICF) signed by patient

Exclusion Criteria

 Any previous lumbar spine surgery

 Patient has significant scoliosis (Cobb angle is greater than 25 degrees)

 Patient has cauda equina syndrome defined as neural compression causing neurogenic bowel (rectal incontinence) or bladder (bladder retention or incontinence) dysfunction

 Patient is pregnant or of child-bearing potential and not currently on adequate birth control method

 Active infection at the surgical site

 Recent history (less than 1 year) of chemical substance dependency or significant psychosocial disturbance that may impact the outcome or study participation, in the opinion of the Investigator

 Pre-existent neurologic or mental disorder which would preclude accurate evaluation and follow-up (i.e. Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, unstable psychiatric disorder with hallucinations and/or delusions or schizophrenia)

 Participation in another clinical trial of drug or device within the past 30 days that could influence the outcomes of this study

 Is a prisoner

 Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) or AIDS-related complex

 Active malignancy or history of invasive malignancy within the last five years, with the exception of superficial basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has been definitely treated; patients with carcinoma in situ of the uterine cervix treated definitely more than 1 year prior to enrollment may enter the study