Principal Investigator: David Turok
Keywords: Contraception , IUD , Birth Control Department: DFPM-Family Practice
IRB Number: 00100115
Specialty: OB/Gyn, General, OB/Gyn, General
Sub Specialties: General Gynecology, Contraception and Family Planning
Recruitment Status: Active, not recruiting

Contact Information

Amy Orr

Simple Summary

To measure contraceptive efficacy of the Mona Lisa Mini IUD

Inclusion Criteria

  • 18-40 years
  • sexually active, anticipating at least one act of vaginal intercourse per menstrual cycle with a male partner and at risk for pregnancy
  • seeking contraception, and willing to use the study IUD as the only contraception method
  • willing to be randomized to one of the two copper IUDs
  • has an intact uterus and at least one ovary
  • has a history of regular menstrual cycles; defined as occurring every 21-35 days when not using hormones and with a variation of typical cycle length of no more than 5 days
  • able and willing to provide written informed consent
  • agrees to follow all study requirements
  • not currently pregnant or at risk for luteal phase pregnancy based on history of unprotected intercourse

Exclusion Criteria

  • abnormal Pap requiring treatment after enrollment
  • known human immunodeficiency virus / acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) infection
  • intending to become pregnant in the 37 months after enrollment
  • known infertility
  • history of allergy or sensitivity to copper
  • previous tubal sterilization
  • has received an injectable contraceptive in the last 9 months and has not resumed regular menstrual cycles (as evidenced by 2 spontaneous menses)
  • within 30 days of administration of mifepristone or misoprostol for medical abortion
  • within 30 days of first, second, or third trimester abortion or miscarriage (note: potential abortion/miscarriage participants can be screened and return after 30 days for randomization and IUD insertion)
  • within 30 days of delivery (for parous population)
  • breastfeeding or recently breastfeeding women unless two consecutive normal menstrual periods have occurred after delivery and prior to enrollment.
  • wants to use a copper IUD for emergency contraception
  • has previously participated in the study
  • participated in another clinical trial involving an investigational product within the last 30 days (before screening) or planning to participate in another clinical trial involving an intervention or treatment during this study
  • not living in the catchment area of the study site or planning to move from the area within the year (unless known to be moving to the catchment area of another study site)
  • known or suspected current alcohol or drug abuse
  • planning to undergo major surgery during study participation
  • current need for use of exogenous hormones or therapeutic anticoagulants (Note: subjects who start a therapeutic anticoagulant after enrolment will be allowed to continue in the study.)
  • at high risk for sexually-transmitted infections or pelvic infection
  • anticipated need for regular condom use (refer to Section 8.1 of the sponsor protocol).
  • has any condition (social or medical) which in the opinion of the Investigator would
  • make study participation unsafe or complicate data interpretation
  • Reported medical contraindications (Medical Eligibility Criteria category 3 or 4)14 to copper IUDs, including:
    • suspicious unexplained vaginal bleeding
    • known cervical cancer
    • known endometrial cancer
    • known Wilson’s disease
    • Confirmed gestational trophoblastic disease with persistently elevated beta-hCG
    • levels or malignant disease, with evidence or suspicion of intrauterine disease
    • anatomic abnormalities with distorted uterine cavity
    • current pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
    • pelvic tuberculosis
    • immediately post-septic abortion or puerperal sepsis
    • current known purulent cervicitis or chlamydial infection or gonorrhea;
    • Note: to enroll, there must be no obvious signs of infection at the time of enrollment based on pelvic exam. If lab results come back for positive infection after enrollment, treatment should be provided but the IUD can be left in place.
    • complicated solid organ transplantation
    • systemic lupus erythematosus with severe thrombocytopenia
Allowable Criteria:
  • has been using oral contraceptives, vaginal ring, or patch and is discontinuing the product to be enrolled
  • has been using a contraceptive implant or IUD, but wishes to have the device removed prior to enrollment

Participant Reimbursement

A possibility of up to $440 in compensation