Deciding on Treatment
Thyroid Cancer: Treatment Choices
If you have thyroid cancer, you probably have many questions and concerns about your treatment options. It's normal to want to learn all you can.
- Thyroid Cancer: Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy uses anticancer medicines to kill cancer cells. The medicines are made to attack and kill cancer cells that grow quickly. Some normal cells also grow quickly. Because of this, chemotherapy can also harm those cells. This can cause side effects.
- Thyroid Cancer: Radioactive Iodine Therapy
Radioactive iodine therapy uses a form of iodine that sends out radiation to treat thyroid cancer. The goal of this treatment is to target and kill any remaining thyroid cells or thyroid cancer cells anywhere in your body.
- Thyroid Cancer: External Radiation Therapy
In radiation therapy, strong, high-energy rays kill cancer cells or slow their growth. In external radiation therapy, the radiation is aimed at the cancer from a source outside the body. For thyroid cancer, radiation is aimed at the thryoid.
Thyroid Cancer: Surgery
Surgery is often the first and main treatment for most all thyroid cancers. The tissue removed will help determine the cancer's type and stage and whether you need more treatment.
- Thyroid Cancer: Hormone Therapy
Hormone therapy uses pills to give your body the hormones that were made by the thyroid gland before cancer treatment. Thyroid hormones are important because they help the body work properly.
Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Complementary medicine is used in conjunction with other therapies. It usually serves to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life. Alternative medicine is used alone, without standard treatment.