Health Information

Gynecological Health

  • Staying Healthy After Menopause

    Good nutrition and regular exercise can help you stay healthy and youthful at this stage of life.

  • Amenorrhea

    Amenorrhea means you haven't had your period for more than 3 cycles. It can be caused by a variety of things including overexercising, being overweight, or due to an ovulation problem.

  • Anatomy of Female Pelvic Area

    The female pelvic area contains a number of organs and structures: the endometrium, uterus, ovaries, cervix, vagina, and vulva.

  • Gynecological Cancers

    Detailed information on the most common types of gynecological cancers, including symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment

  • Cervical Cancer: Introduction

    Cervical cancer develops from abnormal cells on the surface of the cervix that spread deeper or to other tissues or organs. This type of cancer occurs most often in women older than 40.

  • Chemotherapy

    Detailed information on chemotherapy for treatment of gynecological cancers

  • Gynecological Conditions

    Detailed information on the most common gynecological conditions

  • Cervicitis

    Cervicitis is irritation or infection of the cervix. It can be caused by a number of different sexually transmitted diseases.

  • Menstrual Cycle: An Overview

    A woman is generally most fertile (able to become pregnant) a few days before, during, and after ovulation.

  • Grading and Staging of Cancer

    Grading and staging cancer helps determine the best treatment.

  • Diagnostic Procedures for Cancer: Overview

    Detailed information on the most common diagnostic procedures for cancer

  • Dysmenorrhea

    Dysmenorrhea causes severe cramps and pain during a woman's period. It can start with your first period, or begin later in life. It can be related to an underlying conditions such as endometriosis.

  • Endometrial Cancer: Diagnosis

    Cancer of the endometrium is a disease in which cancerous cells are found in the lining of the uterus. It is highly curable when found early.

  • Estrogen's Effects on the Female Body

    In addition to regulating the menstrual cycle, estrogen affects the reproductive tract, the urinary tract, the heart and blood vessels, bones, breasts, skin, hair, mucous membranes, pelvic muscles, and the brain.

  • Uterine Fibroids

    Some estimates say that 20 to 50 percent of women of reproductive age have fibroids, although not all are diagnosed. In most cases, fibroids are benign.

  • General Information About Cancer: Overview

    Detailed information on cancer, including cancer diagnosis, cancer staging, cancer grading, cancer treatment, cancer surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, immunotherapy, biological therapy, and cancer clinical trials

  • Hormone Therapy for Cancer

    Detailed information on hormone therapy as one type of cancer treatment

  • Menopausal Hormone Therapy

    If you use or are considering using hormone therapy, discuss the possible benefits and risks with your health care provider.

  • Hysterectomy

    Hysterectomy is surgery to remove the uterus. Your healthcare provider may also remove one or both ovaries, and the fallopian tubes. In some cases, he or she may remove other parts of the reproductive system.

  • Immunotherapy/Biological Therapy

    Detailed information on biological therapy, also called immunotherapy, biological response modifier therapy, or biotherapy

  • Home Page - Gynecological Health

    Detailed information on gynecological health, including anatomy of the female pelvis, gynecological statistics, menstrual conditions, menopause, gynecological inflammations, gynecological infections, hysterectomy, and gynecological cancers

  • Gynecological Inflammations and Infections

    Detailed information on the most common gynecological inflammations and infections, including vulvitis, vaginitis, cervicitis, and pelvic inflammatory disease

  • Menopause

    Detailed information on menopause, including perimenopause, hormone replacement therapy, and staying healthy after menopause

  • Menorrhagia

    Menorrhagia is the most common type of abnormal uterine bleeding. In some cases, bleeding may be so severe that it interrupts daily activities.

  • Menstrual Conditions

    Detailed information on the most common menstrual conditions, including premenstrual syndrome (PMS), premenstrual dysphoric disorder, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, and menorrhagia

  • Endometriosis

    The tissue that lines the uterus is called the endometrium. Normally, if a woman doesn’t get pregnant, this tissue is shed each month during her period. In endometriosis, tissue that looks and acts like endometrial tissue implants outside the uterus.This can cause pain, heavy periods, and infertility.

  • Online Resources - Gynecological Health

    List of online resources to find additional information on gynecological health

  • Ovarian Cancer

    Ovarian cancer can develop in one of three types—the first, on the surface of the ovary; the second, in the cells that form the eggs; the third, in the cells that produce female hormones.

  • Overview of Cancer

    Detailed information on cancer, including primary and metastatic cancers, and benign and malignant tumors

  • Pap Test

    A Pap test is a way for your doctor to examine cells collected from the cervix for infection, inflammation, or cancer.

  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)

    Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a much more severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). It may affect women who are able to get pregnant. It’s a severe and chronic medical condition that requires attention and treatment.  Lifestyle changes and sometimes medications can help manage symptoms.

  • Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

    Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a group of emotional and physical symptoms many women have in the days before their period starts. Lifestyle changes and sometimes medicines can help manage symptoms.

  • Radiation Therapy and Cancer Treatment

    Detailed information on radiation therapy, one type of cancer therapy

  • Recognizing Gynecologic Problems

    Vaginal bleeding and discharge are a normal part of your menstrual cycle. If you notice anything different or unusual, talk with your health care provider.

  • Safer Sex Guidelines

    The only safe sex is no sex, most health care providers say. But certain precautions and safe behaviors can minimize a person's risk of contracting a sexually transmitted disease.

  • Topic Index - Gynecological Health

    Detailed information on gynecological health, including anatomy of the female pelvis, gynecological statistics, menstrual conditions, menopause, gynecological inflammations, gynecological infections, hysterectomy, and gynecological cancers

  • Cancer Treatment: Overview

    Detailed information on the most common types of cancer treatment, including surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, immunotherapy, biological therapy, and cancer clinical trials

  • Treatment Protocols for Cancer: Overview

    The conventional, primary methods of treating cancer are surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and immunotherapy/biological therapy. Your doctor will determine which treatment or treatments are best for you.

  • What You Need to Know About Precancerous Changes in Your Uterus: Endometrial Hyperplasia
  • Vaginal Cancer

    Cancer of the vagina is rare. Certain factors thought to raise the risk for this type of cancer include advancing age, history of cervical cancer, and infection with the human papillomavirus.

  • Vaginitis

    Vaginitis is a common problem for women of all ages. Bacteria, yeast, viruses, and chemicals in creams or sprays can cause it.

  • Vulvitis

    Vulvitis is inflammation of the soft folds of skin outside the vagina.

  • Vulvar Cancer

    Nearly 90 percent of vulvar cancers are squamous cell carcinomas. Melanoma is the second most common type of vulvar cancer.

  • Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome

    People with this syndrome have dark moles around the mouth, nose, and eyes, as well as multiple polyps in the intestines.

  • Ovarian Cancer as Part of Lynch Syndrome

    A woman with this type of hereditary colon cancer is at increased risk for ovarian cancer.

  • Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome (Gorlin Syndrome)

    The risk for ovarian cancer and skin cancer is increased with basal cell nevus syndrome, a rare genetic disorder.

  • Genetics of Ovarian Cancer

    Detailed information on the genetics of ovarian cancer, including hereditary breast ovarian cancer syndrome, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, ovarian cancer and hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer, and basal cell nevus syndrome (Gorlin syndrome)

  • Introduction to Menopause

    When a woman permanently stops having menstrual periods, she has reached the stage of life called menopause. This stage signals the end of a woman's ability to have children.

  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

    Pelvic inflammatory disease or PID is an infection of a woman’s reproductive tract. Scar tissue grows between internal organs leading to ongoing pelvic pain. It can also lead to ectopic pregnancy.

  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

    PCOS is a common hormone problem in women of childbearing age. Women with PCOS may not ovulate, and have abnormal hormone levels. They may experience missed or irregular periods, excess hair growth and weight gain around the belly.

  • Pelvic Pain

    Pelvic pain is a challenging condition that can be due to many possible causes.

  • Perimenopause

    Perimenopause is the time around menopause when your body begins to change. You become less fertile and hormone levels fluctuate.

  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases

    Women suffer more frequent and severe symptoms from STDs. Some STDs can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, which can lead to both infertility and ectopic pregnancy.

  • Uterine Prolapse

    Uterine prolapse is a condition in which the muscles and tissues in the pelvis weaken. This can cause the uterus to drop down into the vagina. It can cause symptoms such as urine leakage.