Health Information

Respiratory Disorders

  • Acute Bronchitis

    Bronchitis is inflammation of the breathing tubes. These airways are called bronchi. This inflammation causes increased mucus production and other changes. Although there are several different types of bronchitis, the most common are acute and chronic. Bronchitis may also be called a chest cold.

  • Anatomy of the Respiratory System

    The respiratory system includes the nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, and lungs.

  • Sleep Apnea

    Sleep apnea is a serious, potentially life-threatening condition. It is far more common than generally understood. Sleep apnea happens in all age groups and both genders.

  • Asthma

    Asthma is a long-term disease of the airways of the lung. The airways become sensitive to triggers (allergens and irritants).

  • Chronic Bronchitis

    Bronchitis is inflammation of the breathing tubes. These are the airways called bronchi. This inflammation causes too much mucus production and other changes. Although there are several different types of bronchitis, the most common are acute and chronic. Chronic bronchitis is long-term inflammation of the bronchi. It is common among smokers. People with chronic bronchitis tend to get lung infections more easily. They also have episodes of acute bronchitis during which symptoms are worse.

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (COPD)

    Detailed information on chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, including asthma, chronic bronchitis, and pulmonary emphysema

  • Cystic Fibrosis

    Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited life-threatening disease that affects many organs. It causes changes in the electrolyte transport system causing cells to absorb too much sodium and water. CF is characterized by problems with the glands that make sweat and mucus. Symptoms start in childhood. On average, people with CF live into their mid to late 30s. Some people can carry the CF gene without being affected by the disease. They usually do not know that they are carriers.

  • Lung Disorders and Diseases

    Detailed information on lung disorders and diseases, signs of respiratory distress, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (COPD), Asthma, Chronic Bronchitis, Pulmonary Emphysema, Acute Bronchitis, Cystic Fibrosis, Occupational Lung Diseases, Pneumonia, Primary Pulmonary Hypertension, Pulmonary Embolism, Pulmonary Sarcoidosis, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Tuberculosis

  • Pulmonary Emphysema

    Emphysema is a chronic lung condition in which the air sacs (alveoli) may be destroyed, narrowed, collapsed, stretched, or overinflated. Overinflation of the air sacs is a result of breakdown of the walls of the alveoli. It causes a decrease in respiratory function and breathlessness. Damage to the air sacs is irreversible and results in permanent "holes" in the tissues of the lower lungs.

  • Influenza (Flu)

    Influenza, or flu, is a respiratory tract infection that spreads easily. It is caused by a virus.

  • Home Page - Respiratory Disorders

    Detailed information on respiratory disorders, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, control, and treatment

  • Inhalers and Nebulizers

    Inhalers deliver medicine directly to the lungs with less side effects than medicine taken by mouth or injection.

  • Interstitial Lung Disease

    Interstitial lung disease, or ILD, includes more than 100 chronic lung disorders. These diseases are not cancer and are not caused by an infection. Interstitial lung diseases are named after the tissue between the air sacs of the lungs called the interstitium.

  • Narcolepsy

    Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder. It is a lifelong disease of the central nervous system.

    Narcolepsy causes excessive and overwhelming daytime sleepiness, even after getting plenty of nighttime sleep. If you have narcolepsy, you are likely to become drowsy or to fall asleep at inappropriate times and places. These sleep attacks may happen with or without warning.

  • Occupational Lung Diseases

    Occupational lung diseases are lung problems that are made worse in certain work environments. They are caused by long-term exposure to certain irritants that are breathed into the lungs. These lung diseases may have lasting effects, even after the exposure ends.

  • Online Resources - Respiratory Disorders

    List of online resources to find additional information on respiratory disorders

  • Pharyngitis and Tonsillitis

    Pharyngitis and tonsillitis are infections that cause inflammation. If the tonsils are affected, it is called tonsillitis. If the throat is affected, it is called pharyngitis. If you have both, it’s called pharyngotonsillitis. These infections are spread by close contact with others. Most cases happen during the winter or colder months.

  • Pneumonia

    Pneumonia is an infection of one or both of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or chemical irritants. It is a serious infection or inflammation in which the air sacs fill with pus and other liquid.

  • Primary Pulmonary Hypertension (PPH)

    Primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) is high blood pressure in the lungs. It’s a rare lung disorder in which the blood vessels in the lungs narrow and the pressure in the pulmonary artery rises far above normal levels. Pulmonary hypertension is a chronic and life-changing disease that can lead to heart failure if it’s not treated.

  • Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)

    Restless legs syndrome is a sleep disorder that causes creepy, crawly feelings in your legs. This often happens when you are trying to go to sleep or have been sitting for a long time.

  • Pulmonary Sarcoidosis

    Sarcoidosis is a rare disease caused by inflammation. It usually occurs in the lungs and lymph nodes, but it can occur in almost any organ. Sarcoidosis in the lungs is called pulmonary sarcoidosis. It causes small lumps of inflammatory cells in the lungs. These lumps are called granulomas and can affect how the lungs work.

  • Signs of Respiratory Distress

    It's important to learn the symptoms of respiratory distress to know how to respond appropriately.

  • Topic Index - Respiratory Disorders

    Here's a list of respiratory conditions, as well as information on treatment and prevention.

  • Overview of Sleep Problems

    There are many types of sleep disorders. They can interfere with health and quality of life. Sleep problems can range from insomnia to snoring.

  • Sleep Problems

    Detailed information on sleep problems overview

  • Smoking and Respiratory Diseases

    Diseases caused by smoking kill more than 480,000 people in the U.S. each year. Here's a look at the risks linked to smoking, as well as information to help you quit.

  • Tuberculosis (TB)

    Tuberculosis, or TB, can be a chronic bacterial infection that usually infects the lungs. Other organs, such as the kidneys, spine, or brain may also be involved.

  • Upper Respiratory Infections

    Detailed information on upper respiratory infections, upper respiratory infections symptoms, upper respiratory infections treatment

  • Insomnia

    Insomnia is trouble falling to sleep or staying asleep. One in 3 adults has bouts of insomnia.

  • Sinusitis

    Sinusitis is an infection of the lining of the sinuses near the nose. These infections most often happen after a cold or after an allergy flare-up.

  • Pulmonary Embolism

    A pulmonary embolism (PE) is a blood clot that develops in a blood vessel in the body (often in the leg). It then travels to a lung artery where it suddenly blocks blood flow.

  • Pulmonary Rehabilitation

    A pulmonary rehabilitation program is tailored to meet the needs of the individual patient and the specific lung problem or disease.

  • Snoring

    Snoring doesn’t necessarily mean that you have a medical condition, but it can sometimes be a sign of a serious sleep disorder, including sleep apnea.

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when your breathing stops briefly during sleep. This can occur when something is blocking your airway. The stopped breathing can occur many times a night causing snoring, and daytime fatigue.

  • Pneumocystis Pneumonia or PCP

    Pneumocystis pneumonia or PCP is a fungal infection in one or both lungs. It is common in people who have a weak immune system, such as people who have AIDS.

  • Pneumoconiosis

    Pneumoconiosis is a lung disease caused by breathing in certain kinds of dust particles that damage your lungs. It is often called an occupational lung disease.