Stye

What is a stye?

A stye (hordeolum) is a tender red bump on the edge of your eyelid.

What causes a stye?

A stye happens when a gland on the edge of your eyelid gets infected. When it occurs inside or under the eyelid, it is called an internal hordeolum.

The infection is most often caused by a bacteria or germ called staph (Staphylococcus aureus).

Who is at risk for a stye?

You are more likely to get a stye if you:

  • Have had one before
  • Wear contact lenses
  • Are not keeping your eye area clean
  • Use eye makeup that is old or contaminated
  • Have other eye conditions such as an inflamed or infected eyelid (blepharitis)
  • Have other conditions such as rosacea, seborrheic dermatitis, or diabetes

What are the symptoms of a stye?

Each person’s symptoms may vary. Symptoms may include:

  • Swelling, redness, pain, or tenderness of the eyelid
  • Feeling like there is something in your eye
  • Being bothered by bright light
  • Tearing and crusting of the eye

The symptoms of a stye may look like other health problems. Always see your healthcare provider to be sure.

How is a stye diagnosed?

In most cases your healthcare provider will be able to tell that you have a stye by looking at it.

You will not need to take any tests.

How is a stye treated?

In most cases a stye will go away on its own.

There are some things you can do to treat the stye at home. These include:

  • Putting a warm, wet cloth (compress) on your eyelid for 5 to 10 minutes. This should be done 3 to 5 times a day.
  • Washing your hands often
  • Washing your face daily, including the eye area
  • Not touching the area
  • Not squeezing the stye
  • Not wearing makeup until the infection heals

Your healthcare provider may also:

  • Give you special bacteria-fighting (antibiotic) creams or ointments to put on the area. Only certain ones are safe to use near your eyes.
  • Refer you to an eye specialist (ophthalmologist) if the stye does not go away.

What can I do to prevent a stye?

To prevent a stye, you should:

  • Wash your hands often
  • Wash your face and eye area
  • Be careful when using and removing eye makeup

 

When should I call my healthcare provider?

Call your healthcare provider if you:

  • Notice redness or swelling of your eyelid
  • Have pain in your eyelid
  • Feel like something is in your eye

Key points about styes

  • A stye (hordeolum) is a tender red bump on the edge of the eyelid.
  • It is an infection of a gland of the eyelid.
  • The infection is most often caused by bacteria called staph (Staphylococcus aureus).
  • The most common symptoms are redness and swelling of the eyelid.
  • In most cases a stye will go away on its own.

Next steps

Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your healthcare provider:

Know the reason for your visit and what you want to happen.

  • Before your visit, write down questions you want answered.
  • Bring someone with you to help you ask questions and remember what your provider tells you.
  • At the visit, write down the name of a new diagnosis, and any new medicines, treatments, or tests. Also write down any new instructions your provider gives you.
  • Know why a new medicine or treatment is prescribed, and how it will help you. Also know what the side effects are.
  • Ask if your condition can be treated in other ways.
  • Know why a test or procedure is recommended and what the results could mean.
  • Know what to expect if you do not take the medicine or have the test or procedure.
  • If you have a follow-up appointment, write down the date, time, and purpose for that visit.
  • Know how you can contact your provider if you have questions.