Health Information

Respiratory Disorders

  • Acute Respiratory Disorders

    Detailed information on acute respiratory disorders in children

  • Apnea of Prematurity

    Apnea is a term that means breathing has stopped for more than 20 seconds. It can happen in full-term babies, but it is more common in premature babies. The more premature the baby, the greater the chances that apnea will occur.

  • Your Child's Asthma: How Severe Is It?

    Asthma levels are classified in "steps," because each child may step up or step down to different levels at any time.

  • Your Child's Asthma: Avoiding Triggers

    From bed coverings to air purifiers, from pets to secondhand smoke, here are ideas to keep your child's asthma triggers under control.

  • Bronchiolitis

    Detailed information on bronchiolitis, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention

  • Acute Bronchitis in Children

    Detailed information on acute bronchitis, including symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

  • Diagnosis of Cystic Fibrosis

    A detailed look at how cystic fibrosis is diagnosed.

  • Feeding Your Child with Cystic Fibrosis

    Children with cystic fibrosis often have poor weight gain. This can happen even when they get enough calories. Read on for details on how to make sure your child gets enough nutrients--and what to do if your child isn't gaining weight.

  • The Genetics of Cystic Fibrosis

    Detailed information on the genetics involved in cystic fibrosis.

  • Cystic Fibrosis and the Digestive System

    In the digestive system, cystic fibrosis (CF) mainly affects the pancreas. A child with CF has trouble absorbing fats, as well as some proteins and vitamins.

  • Cystic Fibrosis and the Reproductive System

    Detailed information on cystic fibrosis and its effect on the reproductive system for both men and women.

  • Cystic Fibrosis and the Respiratory System

    Detailed information on cystic fibrosis and its effect on the respiratory system

  • Symptoms of Cystic Fibrosis

    A detailed look at cystic fibrosis symptoms.

  • Treatment for Cystic Fibrosis

    A look at treatment options for cystic fibrosis.

  • Chronic Respiratory Disorders

    Detailed information on chronic respiratory disorders in children

  • Croup

    Croup is most common in children younger than 5, with the peak age around 2. Croup occurs most often in winter.

  • Cystic Fibrosis in Children

    Detailed information on cystic fibrosis, including symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and genetics

  • Epiglottitis

    Detailed information on epiglottitis, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

  • Home Page - Respiratory Disorders in Children

    Detailed information on respiratory disorders in children

  • Lower Respiratory Disorders

    Detailed information on lower respiratory disorders in children

  • Anatomy of the Respiratory System in Children

    Detailed anatomical description of the respiratory system, including simple definitions and labeled, full-color illustrations

  • Lung Transplantation in Children

    Detailed information on lung transplant, including why a lung transplant is recommended, what is involved in lung transplant surgery, and the long-term outlook for a child after a lung transplant.

  • Online Resources - Respiratory Disorders in Children

    List of online resources to find additional information on respiratory disorders

  • Pneumonia in Children

    Detailed information on pneumonia, including different types, diagnosis, and treatment.

  • Allergic Rhinitis in Children

    Rhinitis is a reaction that happens in the eyes, nose, and throat when allergens in the air trigger the release of histamine in the body. Histamine causes itching, swelling, and fluid to build up in the fragile linings of nasal passages, sinuses, and eyelids.

  • Signs of Respiratory Distress in Children

    Detailed information on the signs of respiratory distress

  • Sinusitis in Children

    Sinusitis is an infection of the sinuses. These infections usually happen after a cold or with allergies. There are 3 types of sinusitis: short term (acute), long-term (acute), and recurrent.

  • Topic Index - Respiratory Disorders in Children

    Detailed information on the most common types of respiratory disorders, including symptoms, prevention, diagnostic, and treatment information

  • Tuberculosis (TB) in Children

    Tuberculosis (TB) is an ongoing (chronic) infection caused by bacteria. It usually infects the lungs. But the kidneys, spine, and brain may also be affected.

  • Upper Respiratory Disorders

    Detailed information on the most common types of upper respiratory infections, including common cold, influenza, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, and sinusitis

  • Common Cold (Upper Respiratory Infection)

    The common cold is one of the most common illnesses, leading to more doctor visits and missed days from school and work each year than any other illness.

  • Cystic Fibrosis Overview

    Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited disease of the glands that make mucus and sweat. Here's a quick look at how CF affects the body, and who may be more likely to have this disease.

  • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in Children

    Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a viral illness. It is very contagious and can spread quickly. It can cause mild illness, severe illness, or death.

  • Congenital Laryngeal Stridor in Children

    Congenital laryngeal stridor is a noisy or high-pitched sound with breathing. It is from an abnormally formed voice box (larynx). It is present at birth (congenital).

  • Whooping Cough (Pertussis) in Children

    Whooping cough (pertussis) is a contagious illness. It causes intense fits (paroxysms) of coughing. It mainly affects babies and young children.

  • Asthma in Children

    Asthma is a long-term (chronic) lung disease that causes your child's airways to become sensitive to certain things (triggers).

  • Your Child's Asthma: Flare-ups

    Your child's breathing will become harder and may hurt. You may hear a wheezing or whistling sound, which is typical of asthma.

  • Your Child's Asthma: Nebulizer Treatments

    Breathing the medication straight into the lungs works better and faster than taking the medication by mouth. Nebulizer treatments take about 15 to 20 minutes.

  • Influenza (Flu) in Children

    Influenza (flu) is a very contagious viral infection that affects the air passages of the lungs. It causes a high fever, body aches, a cough, and other symptoms.

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Children

    Obstructive sleep apnea is when a child briefly stops breathing while sleeping. It happens because of a blockage in the upper airway. The pause in breathing may occur many times in a night, disrupting the child’s sleep.

  • Your Child's Asthma: Peak Flow Meters, Oximeters, and Spirometers

    These three types of tools are used to measure how well your child's asthma is under control.

  • Stridor in Children

    Stridor is a noisy or high-pitched sound with breathing. It is a sign that the upper airway is partially blocked. It may involve the nose, mouth, sinuses, voice box (larynx), or windpipe (trachea).

  • Chronic Lung Disease in Premature Babies

    Chronic lung disease is the general term for long-term breathing problems in premature babies. It’s also called bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Here's what you need ot know about this condition.