Other name(s):

a-alanine, a-amino-propionic acid, b-alanine, b-amino-propionic acid

Unsubstantiated claims

Please note that this section reports on claims that have not yet been substantiated through scientific studies.

Alanine may help treat diabetes. This is because it aids glucose metabolism and helps prevent low blood sugar (hypoglycemia).

Recommended intake

Amino acids (AAs) are available as individual AAs or in proprietary AA combinations. They’re also available as part of multivitamin formulas, proteins, and food supplements. The forms they come in include tablets, fluids, and powders. 

Note that if you eat enough protein in your diet, you should be getting all amino acids.

There are no conditions that increase the requirements for alanine.

Side effects, toxicity, and interactions

Using a single amino acid supplement may lead to negative nitrogen balance. This can decrease how efficient your metabolism is. It can also make your kidneys work harder. In children, taking single amino acid supplements may also cause growth problems.

You should not take high doses of individual amino acids for long periods of time.

Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should not use alanine supplements.

Additional information

Alanine has a formula of C3H7NO2. It has a molecular weight of 89.09.