with Dr. Troy Madsen

How can you tell if it's heartburn or a heart attack? What do you do if someone you love has a stoke? Dr. Troy Madsen, Emergency Department physician, answers these questions and more. He'll give you perspective and information to help you decide if it's really an emergency and what to do in those situations. From falls to the flu, Dr. Madsen will keep you informed about the common reasons why people end up in the ER so you can avoid a trip there yourself.

Latest Shows

5 Simple Things You Can Do Today for a Healthier You

Jan 26, 2022

It’s a new year, and you may be thinking of some resolutions to better your health and wellness. But general, big-picture goals like “get fit” or “eat better” may seem overwhelming. Where do you even start? Why not start small? Dr. Troy Madsen, emergency room physician at University of Uta ...

Health Hack: Super Glue For Cuts

Oct 5, 2021

Emergency rooms and clinics sometimes use glue rather than stitches for smaller lacerations. On today's Health Minute, emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen share one of his favorite health hacks: using super glue to save a trip to the ER. ...

ER or Not: Toothache

Aug 27, 2021

Should you go to the ER if you have a really bad toothache? Find out in this episode of ER or Not with emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen from the University of Utah Hospital. ...

Heat Stroke In Young Athletes

Aug 6, 2021

If your child plays outdoor sports, it's important to make sure their body doesn't get too warm. Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen talks about the difference between heat exhaustion verses heat stroke. Learn what heat stroke is, what it does, the symptoms, and what to do if your young athlete ...

ER or Not: Heatstroke

Jun 30, 2021

During the summer months, heat exposure can be common. But could it be life-threatening? According to emergency physician Dr. Troy Madsen, heatstroke is an extremely dangerous condition that can lead to organ and brain damage. Learn how to identify the symptoms of heatstroke, prevent overheating, an ...

Could I Have Rabies? What to Look For and Steps to Take After an Animal Bite

Mar 10, 2021

Rabies is a very serious virus. Once a person is infected, there is not much a doctor can do to treat it. If a dog, cat, bat, or other mammal you might suspect has rabies has bitten you, get to the doctor. The first dose of the vaccine should be administered within the first 24 hours after exposure. ...

ER or Not: Broken Blood Vessel in Eye

Jan 26, 2021

A broken blood vessel in the eye can look nasty. But is it worth a trip to the ER? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen talks about when you should seek emergency help and when you can just see your ophthalmologist. ...

ER or Not: Heart Racing

Jan 13, 2021

If you find your heart suddenly racing, is that cause for concern? Whether to worry or not depends on other symptoms and how long the racing lasts. Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen talks about some potentially serious conditions you should be mindful of, and how ER doctors might treat them. ...

ER or Not: Leg Swollen After a Long Car Drive

Oct 16, 2020

After sitting for a long time you notice one leg is swollen and your calf is painful. Should you go to the ER? Emergency room physician Troy Madsen says the risk of a blood clot in your leg from sitting too long is reason to visit the ER. Find out why sitting for a long time during a car drive or pl ...

ER or Not: Sudden Severe Headache

Sep 23, 2020

You are suddenly hit with a severe headache that you’ve never experienced before. Maybe you pass out; maybe it makes you sick to your stomach. Should you go to the ER? Emergency physician Dr. Troy Madsen says these “thunderclap headaches” might be a sign of something much more serious. On this ...

How to Treat a Dog Bite

Aug 19, 2020

For dogs you know, a dog bite should be treated like a laceration and watched for signs of infection. But for deeper wounds and those from strange dogs, it might be time for a trip to the ER. Emergency physician Dr. Troy Madsen takes us step by step—from what you should do after being bitten to wh ...

ER or Not: I Swallowed a Chicken Bone!

Jul 22, 2020

In this episode of ER or Not, we find out what sorts of trouble you could be in if you accidentally swallowed the not-so-tasty part of a chicken wing. Should you go to the ER immediately or wait for the situation to pass? Dr. Troy Madsen has the answers. ...

ER or Not: Infected Ear Piercing

Jun 19, 2020

Your recent ear piercing is red and swollen and you suspect it might be infected — should you go to the emergency room? On this ER or Not, emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen discusses the potential serious complications that can come from an infection of the ear, including hearing loss and h ...

ER or Not: Panic Attacks

May 6, 2020

For those who are experiencing a panic attack, a trip to the emergency room might feel necessary. And while ER doctors can give medication to help calm you down, most panic attacks are probably not something you absolutely need to go to the ER for. Emergency physician Dr. Troy Madsen talks about the ...

ER or Not: When Should I Go to the Emergency Room?

Apr 20, 2020

The ER is for emergencies—we know this. But which health conditions classify as "emergencies" can be confusing. During the COVID-19 pandemic, especially, it's important to know the guidelines of coming into the ER. Emergency physician Dr. Troy Madsen talks about the ABC(and D)s of when you should ...

Is Mental Confusion a Symptom of Something Serious?

Aug 2, 2019

You or somebody you know suddenly becomes confused. What does it mean? There are a number of things that could cause this confusion. But if there are other symptoms that appear with confusion, this can be quite serious. Dr. Troy Madsen shares about what this confusion can mean. He also shares what t ...

Health Hack: Sit Less at Work

Jun 28, 2019

Sitting for long periods of time may be as harmful to your health as obesity and smoking. On today’s Health Hack, Dr. Troy Madsen has a few ways you can get up and moving throughout the day to stay healthy. ...

3 Things that Can Kill Young, Healthy People

Jun 7, 2019

Generally, people who are young and healthy aren't necessarily prone to dying—but, there are still exceptions. Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen talks about the top three health conditions that can kill people who are otherwise healthy and the warning signs that may be overlooked or mistake ...

Health Hack: Bring an Antibiotic When Traveling Abroad

May 3, 2019

What would you do if you develop a urinary tract infection while traveling abroad? On today’s Health Hack, emergency physician Dr. Troy Madsen explains why bringing an antibiotic with you when traveling may save your vacation. ...

Health Hack: Removing a Foreign Object Stuck in Child's Nose

Apr 26, 2019

Your child stuck something small deep up their nose. So far up there, you can’t seem to retrieve it. Emergency physician Dr. Troy Madsen shares a useful—but kind of gross—health hack that may save you a costly trip to the emergency room. ...

Health Hack: Lose Weight By Cutting Soda

Mar 22, 2019

If you’re struggling to lose weight, today’s Health Hack may be for you. Dr. Troy Madsen explains how cutting one large soda a day can lead to losing up to a pound a week. ...

Health Hack: Cotton Swab to Stop an Ingrown Toenail

Mar 8, 2019

An ingrown toenail can be extremely painful and, in some cases, require antibiotics and a procedure. On today’s Health Hack with Dr. Troy Madsen, learn how to stop an ingrown toenail before they even start. ...

Health Hack: Ibuprofen Instead of Opioids

Mar 1, 2019

Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen shares a recent eye-opening study about using over-the-counter pain relievers rather than opioids. Learn how to safely treat your pain on this Health Hack. ...

Health Hack: 3 Servings of Vegetables Per Day

Feb 8, 2019

Three or four servings of fruit and vegetables may be all you need in a day for significant health benefits. Dr. Troy Madsen shares some easy ways to get your daily recommended servings on this Health Hack. ...

Health Hack: Use Cardboard and a T-Shirt to Help with a Broken Bone

Jan 18, 2019

Broken bones hurt all the way up until you get a cast on it. On today’s Health Hack, emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen explains how to make a simple DIY splint to help immobilize an injured limb while you wait for treatment. ...

ER or Not: I Slipped and Fell on the Ice

Jan 11, 2019

It's not uncommon this time of year to slip and fall on the ice. If you do, should you go to the ER? Emergency medicine physician Dr. Troy Madsen answers that question and also tells you how he would try to fall to minimize potential injuries. ...

Health Hack: Yoga to Help With Lower Back Pain

Dec 28, 2018

Chronic lower back pain is one of the most common types of pain in the United States. Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen says yoga can reduce lower back pain and may be a cheaper alternative to the typical treatments of physical therapy and painkillers for relief. ...

ER or Not: Nosebleed

Dec 21, 2018

As the weather gets colder, some people experience nosebleeds. When is a nosebleed serious enough to go the ER and when can you take care of it yourself? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen talks about why the cold, dry air may cause nosebleeds and how to properly take care of a nosebleed at ho ...

Health Hack: How to Treat a Broken Toe at Home

Dec 14, 2018

Have you stubbed your toe bad enough you think you may have broken it? Save yourself an expensive trip to the ER—emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen explains how you can do the same procedure you'd receive at an urgent care. ...

How to Not Get Hurt on E-Scooters

Nov 30, 2018

The presence of electric scooters are increasing in a lot of cities, and with them comes the increase in related injuries coming into ERs. Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen talks about who's actually getting injured by electric scooters, the types of injuries, and how you can prevent yourself ...

ER or Not: I Got Someone Else's Blood on Me

Nov 16, 2018

You just got someone else’s blood on you. Now you’re wondering if you need to go to the ER or whether you can wipe it off and go on with the rest of your day. Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen talks through the scenario and factors that will make a difference in the decision of whether to ...

What Exactly Are Doctors Trying to Find in My Eye?

Oct 31, 2018

Sometimes when you pay the doctor a visit, he’ll hold a little flashlight up to your eye and joke that he's looking into your soul. But what are doctors really trying to find when they look into your eyes? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen talks about the situations that would cause him to ...

ER or Not: I Electrocuted Myself!

Oct 16, 2018

Playing novice electrician? Stuck something in an outlet you shouldn’t have? Emergency physician Dr. Troy Madsen explores the potential health risks you may face after experiencing even just a minor electrical shock. And spoiler: You should go to the hospital. ...

Do I Have Pink Eye?

Oct 2, 2018

You may think you know what to look for in pink eye: red itchy eyes, goopy discharge, swelling. But are you sure? Dr. Troy Madsen explains how pink eye can be very difficult to diagnose and that even those telltale symptoms could be a sign of something as simple as allergies. We cover the signs you ...

ER or Not: It’s Difficult to Pee

Sep 21, 2018

You need to urinate but it’s hard, if not impossible, to go. Should you make a trip to the ER? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen says it depends on the patient. If you’re a 65-year-old male, you need to go in. For everyone else, it might be worth waiting to visit an urgent care. What coul ...

ER or Not: High Blood Pressure

Sep 7, 2018

High blood pressure can be a reason for concern, but is it worth an expensive trip to the ER? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen talks about when a trip to the ER for high blood pressure is needed, and how you can relax to reduce your blood pressure. ...

ER or Not: Really Bad Stubbed Toe

Aug 24, 2018

Stubbing a toe is painful. You might have stubbed your toe really hard, and might have even broken it. Should you go to the ER? Dr. Troy Madsen stops by to discuss whether you should go to the ER. He also discusses how to treat and care for a stubbed toe. ...

How Long Until Food Poisoning Takes Effect?

Aug 17, 2018

Sometimes we eat something we wish we hadn't. Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen says food poisoning generally takes about six hours to take effect, but most people get through it all right. Learn about the symptoms of food poisoning and things you can do to help yourself get through it. ...

ER or Not: Food Stuck in Your Throat

Aug 3, 2018

You have a piece of food stuck in your throat. Maybe a piece of steak you didn’t chew well enough. It isn’t blocking your airway, but it’s definitely not going anywhere anytime soon. Should you go to the ER? Emergency physician Dr. Troy Madsen tells us when that lodged bit of food is an emerge ...

ER or Not: I’ve Been Stabbed with a Pencil

Jul 20, 2018

In one way or another, you find yourself punctured with a freshly sharpened No. 2 pencil. There might even be a bit of a dark spot from the graphite underneath the skin. Are you in danger of lead poisoning? Should you go to the emergency room immediately? On this episode of ER or Not, Dr. Troy Madse ...

4 Tell-Tale Signs You Have Strep Throat

Jul 6, 2018

Strep throat is a bacterial infection of the tonsils that is relatively common. It’s contagious and can lead to a very sore throat, so the earlier it’s treated, the better. Emergency physician Dr. Troy Madsen discusses four tell-tale signs you should be looking for to determine if you have strep ...

Running Probably Won't Ruin Your Knees

Jun 15, 2018

It may seem like a given—if you run long distances regularly, then you’ll eventually need a knee replacement. But from a doctor's perspective, that's actually not true. Emergency physician Dr. Troy Madsen, a runner, looks at the research on knee damage and running. He shares his findings and why ...

Chest Pain That Isn’t Caused by a Heart Attack

Jun 12, 2018

You feel a pain in your chest and left arm. You immediately start worrying that you're having a heart attack. At what point do chest pains equal a heart attack? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen shares what chest pains can mean. He also discusses the symptoms and feelings of a heart attack ve ...

When Should I Go to the ER for Diarrhea?

May 30, 2018

Diarrhea is a not-so-pleasant condition we have all experienced at one point or another. But what should you do if it lasts longer than a day? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen talks about how to treat the problem of diarrhea and what symptoms mean you should seek your doctor’s help. ...

An ER Doctor's Diagnosis: Severe Stomach Pain

May 22, 2018

Have an extreme pain or discomfort in your stomach? Has it lasted longer than five minutes? Many sufferers avoid going to the emergency room for fear they’ll just be told it’s nothing and then sent home. As a follow-up to “ER or Not: Severe Stomach Pain,” emergency physician Dr. Troy Madsen ...

ER or Not: Severe Back Pain

May 11, 2018

Should you go to the ER for back pain? In this episode of ER or Not, emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen details the two symptoms you should be looking for that could be signs of something requiring immediate emergency care. The second one might surprise you. ...

My Child Coughs So Hard, They Vomit. Should I Worry?

Apr 9, 2018

According to pediatrician Dr. Cindy Gellner, a child coughing until they puke is actually pretty common. Children—especially those under 12 months of age—have a very sensitive gag reflex. But if vomiting after coughing happens too often, it could be a sign of something more serious. Learn the si ...

Health Minute: Drink Soda for Food Stuck in Throat

Nov 8, 2017

The next time you have trouble swallowing a piece of food, try drinking a soda. On today's Health Minute, emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen talks about how carbonation from soda can help dislodge the food stuck in your throat. ...

Staples, Stitches or Glue for Treating Large Cuts?

Oct 13, 2017

Staples, stitches, and even super glue are all options for treating large cuts. But how do emergency physicians decide what to use to get wounds back together? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen talks about how he makes his decisions for what suture tool to use. ...

ER or Not: Got Sprayed With Pepper Spray

Oct 6, 2017

Somehow, you got sprayed with pepper spray. It’s in your eye, it stings, and you’re probably feeling really uncomfortable. But is getting pepper strayed a reason to go to the ER? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen says, “probably not.” Hear what you can do at home, and when a trip to t ...

How to Best Handle a Drug Overdose

Sep 22, 2017

If you are present during an overdose, do you know what to do? According to emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen, the most important thing you should do is call 911 and seek emergency help. Learn about the myths about overdose treatment and the potential complications that can come if you attemp ...

ER or Not: Hernias

Sep 8, 2017

You’re helping friends move some heavy furniture and suddenly feel a pop in your abdomen. Maybe you have a small protrusion and think it could be a hernia. It may look scary, but is it a reason to rush to the ER? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen talks about what exactly a hernia is, how so ...

ER or Not: I’m Feeling Really Dizzy

Aug 18, 2017

The room is spinning, you feel off balance, and it doesn't seem to be getting better. Should you go to the ER? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen says, depending on the person, it could be a sign of stroke. Find out the risk factors to consider and learn when to seek immediate help. ...

Exercising in Hot Summer Could Expose You to High Levels of Ozone

Aug 11, 2017

If you live in Salt Lake City, you know it’s not a good idea to exercise outside during a muggy inversion. But did you know you should be concerned even on a clear summer day? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen explains how even though ozone isn’t visible, it can cause serious breathing is ...

What Should You Do If Somebody Faints?

Jul 14, 2017

Fainting can be a scary event for everyone involved. According to emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen, 99% of the time, there are no serious health concerns. But if you're around when someone hits the floor, how should you respond? Learn the facts about fainting and what you can do when it happ ...

Patients with Diabetes Are Treated Differently in the ER

Jul 7, 2017

A trip to the ER is different for patients with diabetes compared to those without. Diabetes can lead to more serious complications doctors would be concerned about, as well as influence diagnostics and potential treatments. Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen explains why it’s important your ...

What to Do When Someone is Having a Severe Asthma Attack

Jun 23, 2017

A severe asthma attack can be dangerous and an alarming situation for both the victim and those around them. Do you know what to do if you find yourself needing to assist someone during an asthma attack? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen walks through step-by-step what you should do to assess ...

Why Vital Signs Are Important for ER Doctors

Jun 16, 2017

Typically, an emergency room doctor reviews a patient's vital signs before actually seeing the patient. The four main vital signs—blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, and body temperature—reveal a lot of important information. Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen talks about how ERs ...

Should I Be Worried About My Child “Dry Drowning?”

Jun 16, 2017

You’ve seen the alarming headlines about “dry drowning” in which a child passes away days after inhaling water. It’s definitely a nightmare scenario, but does it really happen? The short answer: not exactly. What actually happened is called “secondary drowning,” and it is preventable if ...

Safety Tips for Lawn Mowing

Jun 9, 2017

With summer almost here, many people are rolling out those dusty lawn mowers to trim their lawns. Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen discusses some common injuries that lawn mowers can cause and offers important safety tips to follow. ...

Signs and Symptoms of a Poisonous Spider Bite

Jun 2, 2017

In the United States, there are two breeds of poisonous spiders to be worried about: the black widow and the brown recluse. We’ve all heard horror stories about these creepy creatures, but what really happens if you get bit by one? And what can doctors do about it? Emergency physician Dr. Troy Mad ...

ER for Skin Infections?

May 26, 2017

Maybe it’s some redness on your skin. Maybe a small cut has become inflamed. Maybe an ingrown hair has become a little more worrisome. Is your skin infection something to worry about and when should you seek immediate care? Emergency physician Dr. Troy Madsen talks about the symptoms you should be ...

Don’t Let a Helmet Make You Think You’re Invincible

May 19, 2017

Helmets are a vital piece of safety equipment for many activities and may save your life. But we may be depending on helmets a little too much. Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen shares some of his first-hand experiences with helmet safety from the ER. He reminds listeners to still play it sma ...

What Is Sepsis?

May 12, 2017

Sepsis is a potentially life-threatening complication when an infection spreads to the bloodstream. It’s not too common for most people, but at-risk patients might not even realize the infection has spread. Emergency physician Dr. Troy Madsen explains the complication of sepsis, how to tell if you ...

Emergency Rooms Are Revaluating the Use of Opioids

May 5, 2017

Abuse of opioid painkillers is a nationwide epidemic. Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen says while ERs do use opioids, practices for prescribing and monitoring their use by patients have gotten stricter. Dr. Madsen talks about some suggestions for recognizing and avoiding an opioid addiction ...

Common Bike Injuries and How to Prevent Them

Apr 21, 2017

Summer is here, and for many that means getting back on the bicycle and enjoying the outdoors. For ER doctors, it means seeing more patients injuring themselves on those bicycles. Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen talks about the most common bike injuries he sees during this time of year and ...

How Do I Know if I Broke a Bone?

Apr 14, 2017

Believe it or not, sometimes people can break bones and not realize it. Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen says some bones are more prone to fractures. Swelling, trouble moving a joint, or lingering pain after a few days can all be indications of a bone fracture. Learn about some other symptom ...

Protect Yourself from Hantavirus

Apr 7, 2017

Spring is here and it’s time to start that spring cleaning. But if you come across mouse droppings you could be exposed to hantavirus. Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen discuss the virus and simple cleaning steps you can take if you find mouse droppings. ...

Best Way to Remove a Splinter

Mar 31, 2017

Splinters can be painful and irritating, despite how small they can be. There are plenty of strategies to remove that bothersome embedded chunk under your skin but which one is the safest? Should you use a safety pin, tweezers or a pocket knife? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen describes the ...

What’s That Ringing in My Ears?

Mar 24, 2017

Do your ears ring after a noisy concert or because of a loud work environment? Could it indicate something serious? Hear what emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen says ear ringing can mean, whether it's something to worry about, and some actions you can take if you are concerned. ...

Seven Questions for an Emergency Room Doctor

Mar 10, 2017

On this episode of Seven Questions for a Specialist, The Scope speaks with emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen. What’s the most common thing he sees in the ER? What’s the one thing everyone should know to avoid the ER? Find out what answers Dr. Madsen has for these questions and more. ...

ER or Not: Car Accident

Mar 3, 2017

Does a car accident warrant a trip to the ER? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen says any head injuries, neck pain or a painful abdomen means you need to get to the ER. But what should you do if a paramedic gives you a choice? ER or Urgent Care? Find out what to consider if you are in a car ac ...

Symptoms of a Food Allergy

Feb 24, 2017

Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen says if you suspect a food allergy is making it hard for you to breathe, call 911 immediately. Food allergy symptoms can range from mild itching to more severe breathing difficulty. And some food allergies can develop later in life with foods people had no pr ...

ER or Not: My Kid Has Something Stuck in Their Ear

Feb 17, 2017

Has your child gotten something stuck in his or her ear that both your kid and you can't seem to get out? For those hard-to-grab objects, emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen says you should consider either the ER or urgent care because there’s a chance you could push it in further. Find out ...

How to Identify Spleen Injuries and Why They are a Serious Concern

Feb 3, 2017

On this episode of From the Frontlines, emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen speaks about the serious, potentially life-threatening risk of a spleen injury. If you or your young athlete has taken a hit to the abdomen and is feeling pain on the upper left side, you may want to get it looked at im ...

ER or Not: I’m Having Trouble Breathing

Jan 27, 2017

On this episode of ER or Not, emergency physician Dr. Troy Madsen discusses the serious, potentially fatal causes and complications that can arise when you or a loved one is having trouble breathing. Find out what your labored breathing may be a sign of and when you should call 911 immediately. ...

ER or Not: Frostbite

Jan 13, 2017

Were you out in the cold a little too long? Do you worry you might have frostbite? Emergency room physician Troy Madsen says frostbite is a reason to go to the ER because you may risk losing a finger or toe. Learn the symptoms of frostbite and how it's treated. ...

The Flu Is Here and It’s Nasty

Jan 5, 2017

Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen stopped by today and told us the flu season is here and could be a bad one. He’s seen an increase in really sick patients with the flu during the past couple weeks and expects it to only get worse. We asked Dr. Madsen for the details and for what he wants p ...

Christmas Day in the ER

Dec 23, 2016

Most people don't consider the emergency room a joyful place for the Yuletide holiday, but accidents can happen anytime. Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen says people who visit the ER on Christmas day usually arrive for something serious. Learn what seasonal activities can commonly land peopl ...

ER or Not: Stepped on a Glass Ornament

Dec 9, 2016

It's the holidays and you've stepped on a glass ornament that fell off the tree. Should you go to the ER? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen says Urgent Care is likely a better option. But don't wait—seek medical attention immediately. Find out which serious symptoms from stepping on broken ...

Can You Really Fix a Dislocated Shoulder Like They Do on TV?

Nov 25, 2016

We’ve all seen those scenes in movies where a dislocated shoulder is shoved back into place. It looks painful, but relatively easy. Can you really do that in real life? More importantly, should you? Emergency physician Dr. Troy Madsen has the answers, as well as a potential way to pop that should ...

Pneumonia Makes List for Top 10 Causes of Death

Nov 4, 2016

Pneumonia comes in at No. 8 on the list of top 10 causes of death in the United States. The condition often goes unnoticed and untreated until it has reached a life-threatening point, especially in older patients. So what can you do? University of Utah Health Care emergency physician Dr. Troy Madsen ...

How Spooky is Halloween Night in the ER?

Oct 28, 2016

Some nights in the emergency room are crazier than others, but how spooky is Halloween night in the ER? With all the costumes, festivities and children running around in the dark, you’d think it’d be a nightmare. Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen dishes about what the scariest night in th ...

What Kind of Doctor Do You Want for the Apocalypse?

Oct 24, 2016

The end of civilization as we know it has finally come. Whether it be by robots, zombies, aliens or some other unimaginable event. In your gang of survivors, which medical specialist would be best for your survival? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen gives his picks for the type of doctor most ...

How to Safely Control Severe Bleeding

Oct 14, 2016

With a severe cut or injury, you need to take action to stop the bleeding immediately. Do you know what to do? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen explains how to correctly stem bleeding in severe injuries and the common, potentially life-threatening, mistakes people can make. ...

ER or Not: Raisin up the Nose

Oct 7, 2016

Your child has gone and put something small like a raisin up her nose and it’s stuck. Should you be rushing to the ER? Emergency physician Dr. Troy Madsen shares a safe, medically supported but potentially gross, home treatment you can try to dislodge an object in your child’s nostril. If you’ ...

3 Most Common Sports injuries That Can Put You in the ER

Sep 30, 2016

Playing sports can be hard on a body and lead to a serious injury that might need immediate attention. Emergency physician Dr. Troy Madsen covers the top three most common sports injuries he sees in the emergency room. Find out what they are, how to treat them and when you should go to the ER immedi ...

Lifestyle Decisions and Choices that Can Affect Your Health

Sep 23, 2016

“Prevention is the best type of medicine,” says Dr. Troy Madsen. Working in the ER, Dr. Madsen has seen people on their worst days. So how has this changed his outlook on personal health? Dr. Madsen talks about some lifestyle changes he has made after years of experience in the emergency room. ...

ER or Not: Gunshot Wounds

Sep 2, 2016

The overwhelming number of people who are shot go to the ER. Contrary to what a lot of movies and TV shows portray, once a gunshot victim gets to the ER, the most important problem isn’t getting the bullet out as fast as possible. ER providers worry first and foremost about internal damage. Emerge ...

Why a High Temperature Shouldn’t Send You to the ER

Aug 12, 2016

It may be hard to wrap your head around, but that high number on the thermometer is not a sure sign you should go to the ER. Believe it or not, there is no way a fever can ‘cook your brain’ and no specific number to be alarmed about. Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen talks about the more ...

Horses Can be More Dangerous than Motorcycles

Aug 5, 2016

August is the month with the highest reported horse-related injuries in Utah, according to emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen. Additionally, injuries from falling off a horse are one of the top-five causes for serious extended hospital stays. Dr. Madsen explains what makes horse-related injuri ...

Treating Opioid Withdrawals with Imodium Can Be Dangerous

Jul 29, 2016

Rather than seek professional help for opioid abuse some people addicted to those drugs turn to the Web for solutions for easing their withdrawals. One product being misused to treat opioid withdrawals is the diarrhea-relief medicine Imodium. Emergency physician Dr. Troy Madsen warns about the life- ...

ER or Not: Bit By a Non-Poisonous Snake

Jul 15, 2016

You get bit by a non-venomous garter snake in your garden. It might be scary, but you know there isn’t venom in your veins. Should you go to the ER? Dr. Troy Madsen explains why a dog bite is actually more dangerous than one from a non-poisonous snake, but why you might want to go to the emergency ...

How to Identify and Treat Post-Surgery Infections

Jul 1, 2016

Surgical site infections are fairly common after an operation. Even with the sterile environment and clean tools, infections can happen. These infections can be treatable and are fairly low risk if they are dealt with quickly. Dr. Troy Madsen shares what these infections look like, and when to conta ...

Three Symptoms that Don't Seem Serious, But Can Be

Jun 24, 2016

Headaches, back pain and abdominal pains are some of the most common pains. While these may seem normal, there might be something more going on. Many people ignore these symptoms, but should they? Dr. Troy Madsen discusses when these "normal" pains can turn dangerous, and when to visit your doctor. ...

A Night in the Life of an Emergency Room Physician

May 20, 2016

The night shift in the emergency department is anything but boring. From burns to cuts, and fever to heart attacks, ER physicians see it all. The most difficult part of their job might be prioritizing whom to see first and who can wait. Emergency physician Dr. Troy Madsen walks us through a “typic ...

Three Most Common Ways a Cut Can Land You in the ER

May 6, 2016

Working with a knife is not the only way you can cut yourself. Emergency physician Dr. Troy Madsen talks about the most common ways people suffer slices and nicks and what you can do to avoid stitches and emergency assistance. ...

Lawn Mower Accidents That Can Put You In the ER

Apr 22, 2016

Warm weather is coming and it’s time to get your yard ready for summer–but be careful using a lawn mower. Dr. Troy Madsen, emergency physician, joins us to describe common lawn mower injuries he sees in the ER, and the type of injuries he sees the most might just surprise you. ...

From the Frontlines: Four Wheeler Accidents in April

Mar 25, 2016

Believe it or not, April is the most common month for four- wheeler- and ATV- related injuries, with Easter weekend being the worst. Dr. Troy Madsen explain why he sees so many cases of four- wheeler accidents at the start of the season and the steps you can take in an emergency situation. ...

Do I Have Hypothermia, or Am I Just Really Cold?

Jan 19, 2015

Hypothermia is when your body temperature gets too low. But you might be surprised to find out it doesn’t really need to be all that cold to get hypothermia. Dr. Troy Madsen talks about the conditions required for hypothermia to happen, discuses the signs and symptoms, when it becomes life threate ...

12 Dangers of Christmas

Dec 24, 2014

Each year, more than 10,000 people in the United States go to the ER for injuries related to the holidays. Without singing them out, emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen goes through his list of the 12 Dangers of Christmas. From decorative tree ornaments to mistletoe, Dr. Madsen talks about comm ...

ER or Not: Breaking a Bone in the Backcountry

Jul 23, 2014

Serious injury in a remote location can present a real problem. What should you do if you break a leg on a hiking trail? Emergency Room physician Dr. Scott Youngquist talks about getting help. He gives some handy advice about first aid and emergency protocol. ...

How Best to Help Drowning Victims

Jul 16, 2014

What would you do if you spotted someone at the bottom of a pool and a lifeguard wasn’t on duty? Learn the emergency procedures from ER doctor Scott Youngquist. He describes the dos and don’ts of getting someone to breathe again. ...

Top 3 Things an ER Doctor Needs

Jul 2, 2014

Things are seldom dull in the ER, but just how valuable is a stethoscope? Dr. Troy Madsen describes: the frantic situations he is often faced with, the importance of keeping cool to avoid being overwhelmed, and why the modern tools used for making a prompt, accurate diagnosis are so vital. ...

An ER Doctor’s First-Aid Kit for a Deserted Island

Jun 25, 2014

What would you take to a deserted island? Dr. Troy Madsen tells us that as an emergency room physician, he’s given this question a lot of thought. He shares what medical supplies he’d like to have if he were injured in a wilderness area. It may be time to update your camping first-aid kit! ...

Miraculous Recoveries

Jun 18, 2014

Amazing recoveries aren’t just for medical TV shows. How often do they happen in real life? Seasoned emergency room physician Troy Madsen shares some of the miraculous recoveries he’s witnessed. He also tells us what can increase someone’s chances of making a fast and full recovery from a hea ...

ER or Not: Line Drive to the Head

Jun 11, 2014

You’re playing softball and get a line drive straight to the forehead. You might have a concussion and may need to go to the ER, but don’t know how to tell if you really need emergency help. Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen discusses head injuries and how to know whether you should make ...

Know the Signs and What to Do If Someone Has a Severe Allergic Reaction

May 28, 2014

Someone in a restaurant has a severe allergic reaction to something they’ve just eaten and can’t breathe. Would you know what to do? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen explains the signs and symptoms of severe allergic reactions and lists the steps to take in this potentially life-threaten ...

Risks of Drinking Stream Water

May 21, 2014

You’re hiking and you see a clear stream with what seems to be drinkable water. The question is, do you drink it? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen tells you his views on drinking water directly from any babbling brook. He also tells you the one thing to bring in case you’re that unlucky ...

How to Use Public Defibrillator Machines

May 14, 2014

They’re becoming more available in public places–but how do you use a defibrillator machine? Dr. Troy Madsen talks about public defibrillators, when to use them, and how they might save someone’s life. He also tells you what to do under pressure if someone goes down in public. ...

Top 5 Reasons for ER Visits

May 7, 2014

Emergency physician Dr. Troy Madsen breaks down the numbers on the five most common reasons people go to an ER. He talks about when to visit the emergency room versus when to visit urgent care or your primary care physician. He also advises to err on the side of caution when it comes to certain pain ...

ER or Not: My Child Drank Drain Cleaner

Apr 30, 2014

Your child drank some drain cleaner, and you’re wondering whether to rush her to the ER. Emergency physician Dr. Troy Madsen discusses this situation and his answer might surprise you. ...

ER or Not: I Swallowed a Toothpick

Apr 16, 2014

What happens if you swallow a toothpick? Is it dangerous? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen tells you if this is a problem serious enough for the ER. ...

April Fools Gone Bad!

Apr 1, 2014

Could an April Fools prank send someone to the hospital? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen talks about 3 common pranks: Nair in the shampoo, laxatives in the brownies and scaring someone. See if you can guess which ones are ok, which ones to avoid, and why. Disclaimer: We are not endorsing ...

ER and Privacy

Mar 5, 2014

What happens when someone comes into the ER high or overdosing? Will the patient be prosecuted? Will people accompanying the patient get into trouble for allowing the situation to happen? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen answers these questions and discuss whether or not the hospital will pu ...

ER or Not: Stitches

Feb 26, 2014

You accidentally cut yourself. Do you need stitches or will a bandage work just fine? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen goes through some of the scenarios that would require you to visit the ER for stitches. He also talks about at-home alternatives for stitches when the cut isn’t severe eno ...

Avalanches - What You Need to Know

Feb 19, 2014

Avalanche danger is extremely high in Utah - unfortunately, a couple of people have already died because of avalanches. Dr. Troy Madsen discusses what to do if you or someone you’re with is caught during or in the aftermath of an avalanche, and warns that avalanche dangers don’t just occur in th ...

What to Do If You Get Shot with an Arrow

Feb 12, 2014

Pretend for a second that Cupid shot people with real arrows and not just arrows of love. What should you do if you were hit? Try to pull it out? Leave it in? Push it though like in the movies? Emergency department physician Dr. Troy Madsen talks about arrow injuries, what you should not do if it ha ...

What's Up with Bob's Eye?

Feb 11, 2014

Bob Costas stepped down from hosting Olympic coverage for the first time since 1998 because of a painful case of pink eye. Dr. Troy Madsen from University of Utah Hospital talks about Bob's pink eye, how he likely got it and why he believes it's lasting longer than Costas expected. He also tells you ...

ER or Not: Chest Pain

Feb 5, 2014

According to emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen, chest pains are one of the most common problems seen in the ER. While there’s always the chance that chest pains indicate a heart attack, you’ll be surprised to find out what percentage of those cases are false alarms. Dr. Madsen talks about ...

Doctors' Tips and Tricks to Avoid Getting Sick

Jan 21, 2014

They are always surrounded by germs and viruses. So doesn’t it make you wonder why your doctors and nurses never seems to get sick? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen says he’s only had one sick day in the last 10 years and tells you some of the precautions he takes to avoid getting sick. ...

Dude, What’s Wrong With My Stomach?

Dec 30, 2013

Is it food poisoning? A stomach bug? The latest food contamination you heard about on the news? Or is it simply something you ate that doesn’t agree with you? When it comes to stomach issues, it can sometimes be hard to figure out how serious it is and what you should do about it. Emergency room p ...

Top 3 First Aid Items to Never Travel Without

Dec 23, 2013

The holidays are here and you’re getting ready to hit the road to visit family – the one thing you should always remember to take with you is a first aid kit. Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen says the majority of the items most people would include in their kits, he leaves out. Dr. Madse ...

When Should You Give The Heimlich Maneuver

Dec 9, 2013

You’re at a holiday dinner and you think someone is choking on food – should you give them the Heimlich maneuver? Does it really work? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen answers these questions and also tells you how to identify if someone is really choking, whether you should perform the ...

Dangers from Chainsaws, Snowblowers and Snow Shoveling

Dec 4, 2013

Degloving sounds pretty gruesome, and it can happen if you put your hand in the snowblower – even if it’s not running. And surprisingly, it’s not the arms and hands that get injured in most chainsaw accidents. Even an innocent looking snow shovel can send you to the emergency room. This winter ...

Top 5 Thanksgiving Health Threats

Nov 26, 2013

Unless you’re a turkey, Thanksgiving might seem like a harmless holiday. But if you’re not careful, you might just carve out a visit to the ER this year. Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen lists the top 5 things that he sees in the ER over the holiday weekend and why he thinks the Monday ...

Ambulance or Not?

Nov 21, 2013

You’re having chest pains and difficulty breathing, and no one is around to take you to the emergency room. You may not want to call 911 and tie up the emergency line. Do you drive yourself to the hospital or call for an ambulance? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen discusses the “ABCs” ...

Responding to an Accident Scene

Nov 11, 2013

You're approaching an intersection when you come across a terrible accident. While it may be your gut reaction to jump in and help, that may not be the best course of action. Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen discusses when to help, and when it may be best to stand back and let emergency per ...

Sports Drinks: Are They Really That Bad For You?

Oct 18, 2013

You see the ads on TV during sporting events, and athletes swear by them. Do sports drinks make a difference? Dr. Troy Madsen has the facts and tackles some hydration myths like drinking pickle juice on game day. ...

What to Do if You're Bitten by a Vampire

Oct 8, 2013

It's Halloween, so you theoretically could land in the ER for a vampire bite, right? All joking aside, dozens of people each year land in the ER for bit marks. Dr. Troy Madsen discusses treatment options. Dr. Troy Madsen talks about the different types of bites that come through the ER, from dogs a ...

Why a Motorcycle Helmet Can Save Your Life

Sep 25, 2013

Dr. Troy Madsen of the University of Utah has treated countless patients injured in motorcycle accidents. He weighs in on why the simple act of wearing a helmet can make a big difference in the event of an accident. ...

How Well Does CPR Really Work?

Sep 24, 2013

Dr. Troy Madsen talks about the realities of CPR: does it work as well in real life as it does on TV, why do you give CPR and how giving CPR has changed in the past few years. ...

ER or Not: Rusty Nail

Sep 24, 2013

You step on a rusty nail, should you go to the ER? Emergency Department doctor Troy Madsen tells you on this episode of ER or Not. ...

ER or Urgent Care?

Sep 24, 2013

It can be hard to know whether to go to the ER or urgent care for your condition. Dr. Troy Madsen, University of Utah Hospital emergency department physician, gives some guidelines for making that decision. ...

From the Frontlines: August

Sep 24, 2013

Why are there more livestock-related injuries coming to the ER at the University of Utah hospital right now? Plus, ATV injuries are up; find out why. Emergency room doctor Troy Madsen tells you what he thinks is going on and what everyone can learn from it. Plus, he'll tell you why he calls Septemb ...

How An ER Works

Sep 24, 2013

If you've ever been in a hospital emergency department, you know how busy and even chaotic they can appear. Dr. Troy Madsen, emergency department doctor from the University of Utah Hospital, tells you how an ER works, who the people are and what they do. ...

What to Do if You Have a Tick Sucking Your Blood

Sep 24, 2013

If you end up with a tick on you, what should you do? Dr. Troy Madsen talks about the diseases, the concerns and how to remove it yourself. ...

ER or Not: Concussions

Sep 24, 2013

Whether it's from an accidental fall or a head-cracking tackle on the sports field, concussions can be a common result. Learn about the symptoms of a concussion from ER doctor Troy Madsen, MD, and when you should visit the emergency room. ...

Know the Symptoms of Stroke: Every Minute Counts

Sep 24, 2013

Recently Randy Travis had heart failure followed by a stroke. Do you know what the symptoms of stroke are? Dr. Troy Madsen discusses what causes a stroke and how you can help. ...

Fall Means Falls In The ER

Sep 20, 2013

Did you know that emergency rooms see more people with injuries from falling during the fall season? Emergency room physician Dr. Troy Madsen speaks from personal experience about how he landed in the ER after a fall and discusses how to avoid those accidents. ...

Top Reasons College Students End Up in the ER

Aug 23, 2013

From alcohol poisoning to rushing the field at football games, emergency room physician Troy Madsen, M.D., discusses the top eight reasons he sees college students come in to the ER ...

Utah's Poor Air Quality

Aug 19, 2013

As winter arrives, the annual battle against poor air quality begins. Troy Madsen, MD, talks about a recent spike in patients visiting the ER related to worsening air quality. ...

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