What Is Infertility?

“Infertility” is a term used to describe the inability of a couple to get pregnant or the inability of a woman to carry a pregnancy to term.

Infertility is defined clinically as not being able to achieve pregnancy after one year of having regular, unprotected intercourse, or after six months if the woman is older than 35 years of age.

Many different medical conditions and other factors can contribute to fertility problems, and an individual case may have a single cause, several causes, or—in some cases—no identifiable cause.*

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 7.3 million Americans, or one in eight couples of childbearing age, are infertile. There are several risk factors that can contribute to problems with male and female fertility, including extreme weight gain or loss, age, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), smoking and alcohol use. Infertility is a disease or condition of the reproductive system that affects an estimated 10 to 15 percent of couples trying to conceive in the United States. It occurs in both women and men; in fact, female factors and male factors each account for approximately one-third of all infertility cases. The remaining cases arise from insufficiency in both partners, or the cause of infertility simply cannot be explained.

Infertility Treatments 

Early detection and treatment of infertility can help achieve a successful pregnancy outcome. With advances in technology and our personalized approach for each patient, UCRM is able to offer a range of effective treatment options to address both female and male infertility problems. From simple hormonal treatment, ovulation induction and intrauterine insemination (IUI) to the more advanced technologies like in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), or third party reproductive strategies such as surrogacy, donor egg and embryo donation, UCRM is helping more patients realize their hopes and dreams of achieving parenthood.

*Courtesy: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.

Douglas T. Carrell, PhD, HCLD

Doug Carrell received his Ph.D. degree in reproductive physiology from the University of Utah in 1995, after receiving a M.S. degree in cellular and developmental biology from Brigham Young University. Dr. Carrell has worked in the area of research and treatment of human infertility for 35 years. Dr. Carrell is the clinical laboratory director of t... Read More

Specialties:

Andrology, In Vitro Fertilization, Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility

Locations:

Andrology & IVF Laboratories 801-581-3740

Erica B. Johnstone, MD

Patient Rating:

4.6

4.6 out of 5

Erica B. Johnstone, M.D., M.H.S., is a gynecologist and reproductive endocrinologist in the Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility. Dr. Johnstone clinical interests include reproductive endocrine disorders and all types of infertility, and she also works with hormonal disorders in children and adolescents. Her research interests in... Read More

Megan Link, MD

Megan H. Link, M.D., is a gynecologist and reproductive endocrinologist in the Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility.  Dr. Link’s clinical interests include endometriosis, fertility preservation, reproductive endocrine disorders and all types of infertility.  Dr. Link received her bachelor’s degree from The College of Idaho and ear... Read More

C. Matthew Peterson, MD

Patient Rating:

4.8

4.8 out of 5

Matthew Peterson, M.D., is a Reproductive Endocrinologist in the University of Utah Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Dr. Peterson received his undergraduate degree, magna cum laude from Brigham Young University in 1977 and his M.D. from the University of Utah in 1981. His residency training in obstetrics and gynecology was accomplished at M... Read More

Specialties:

OB/Gyn, General, Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility

Locations:

A location has not yet been added by this physician.

Reproductive Medicine services are available at the Utah Center for Reproductive Medicine as well as multiple locations through out the state of Utah, including Centerville, Orem, South Jordan and Park City. Our reproductive endocrinologists offer a wide range of services including:

  • Infertility counseling
  • Infertility monitoring and treatment
  • IUD insertion and removal
  • Annual gynecological exams
  • Endocrinology
  • Diagnosis and treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome
  • In vitro fertilization
  • Treatment of endometriosis
  • Pediatric and adolescent gynecology services

Our highly trained reproductive endocrinology specialists are experts in both the treatment and research of infertility and our clinic consistently boasts one of the highest success rates in the nation.

Neighborhood Health Center Locations:

Utah Center for Reproductive Medicine 675 Arapeen Drive, Suite 205
Salt Lake City, Utah 84108-1237
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University of Utah Health
Centerville Health Center
26 South Main
Centerville, Utah 84014
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Dixie Regional Medical Center 544 South 300 East
St. George, UT 84770
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University of Utah Health
South Jordan Health Center
5126 W. Daybreak Parkway
South Jordan, 84009
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  • Healthy Conceptions for Couples Intervention Pilot Study
    Keywords: Infertility, Obesity, polycystic ovarian syndrome, emotionally focused therapy, weight loss
    Status: Completed
  • FIT-PLESE
    Keywords: Overweight, Infertility, BMI, Weight loss, Free, Reproductive medicine
    Status: Recruiting
  • FAZST
    Keywords: Fertility, reproductive medicine, pregnancy outcomes, folic acid and zinc supplementation trial, semen quality, infertility
    Status: Recruiting