Keeping Your Bones Healthy and Strong Through the YearsOct 8, 2013
Dr. Kirtly Parker Jones: Get those bones as healthy as you can when you're young and they'll carry you the rest of your life. Learn about bone health, what you can do, what to avoid and why it matters and the biggest threat to bone health in women. This is Dr. Kirtly Jones from the department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at University of Utah Health Care and this is The Scope.
Announcer: Medical news and research from University of Utah physicians and specialists you can use for a happier and healthier life. You're listening to The Scope.
Dr. Kirtly Parker Jones: We are living longer and moving less, we all worry about whether our brains will go the distance, will we be able to speak for ourselves at the end? But, in fact, our bones may fail before our brains do. The lifetime risk of a bone fracture, hip, wrist, spine, for a woman over 60 is almost 50%. Women in their 70s, 80s and in their 90s who have a hip fracture, it is the number one cause for the need to be moved to a nursing home. And if a woman in her 80s or 90s fractures a hip, she has a 50% chance of dying in the next year.
So it turns out things you can make a difference is, your activity, your alcohol use, your smoking and whether you are eating and making your bones as strong as they should be by the time your in your 30s. Our peak bone density is in our 30s. Bones remain strong through good nutrition, sunlight or vitamin D and exercise. Women should eat right, maintain a healthy weight, not too skinny, not too fat, avoid sodas, exercise a lot and get out in the sun or take vitamin D. This is what you should do before you're 30 to make sure your bones reach their peak bone density. If you get to 30 with puny bones, you will really have puny bones by the time you're 70. It's not going to get any better after 30.
So after our 30s, we should eat right, maintain a healthy weight and keep moving. People who drink, people who smoke lose bone density faster and people who don't move don't keep their bones strong. After menopause, because here's where the real risk for fractures start to happen. Eat right, so you need calcium and vitamin D in your diet, get outside, but if you're not eating well or not getting in the sun because your dermatologist, who won the sun war, tells you not to, you can get vitamin D. Estrogens protect your bone density if you're taking estrogens, but after menopause your estrogens go down and you lose bone density.
So stressing your bones keeps them stronger, cross train, jump, lift, work in your garden. Just walking is weight bearing exercise but you need to bend your bones a little bit, not so they'll break, but so that they'll get stronger. Balance training, keep your balance because after menopause women lose their sense of balance, so Tai-chi, yoga. If you're of normal risk, after 65 you should know your bone density and see if you need bone health. If you're at high risk, you're a smoker, a drinker, have had a fracture already or a family history of a fracture, or if you take some of those medications that make your bones thinner, then get your bone density checked earlier, talk with your doctor.
To all of you, get out of your chair, I'm getting out of my chair right now, and keep moving. This is Dr. Kirtly Jones, thank you for joining us on The Scope.
Announcer: We're your daily dose of science, conversation, medicine. This is The Scope, University of Utah Health Sciences Radio.