What Is Trigger Finger?

Trigger Finger is a condition that can affect anyone, and is very common. Usually someone with trigger finger will first notice pain, and sometimes popping or catching, in one or more fingers. The popping sensation happens when the tendon attached to your finger through the palm is swollen. When you open that finger, the tendon goes through a small tight area, and can lead to a “pop” and/or pain.

Another common sign happens when you make a fist and when trying to open your hand and a finger gets stuck completely not allowing you to open your hand fully. This creates the common appearance of a “locked” trigger finger.

What Causes Trigger Finger?

It isn’t clear what exactly causes trigger finger but those who use their hands repeatedly may be at higher risk. This includes those that use their hands in a squeezing or gripping movement with their hands regularly.

Swollen tendons within the palm are what cause trigger finger. These swollen tendons are not able to move through the tendon sheath in the fingers as they usually would. Sometimes this will cause clicking, snapping, or popping in the hand that can be painful.

Common Risk Factors That May Cause Trigger Finger

A risk factor is anything that increases your chances of developing a condition or disease. For trigger finger common risk factors include:

  • Swelling in the hand
  • Daily squeezing and gripping motions
  • Diabetes

Treatment Options

Two common treatments options for trigger finger are cortisone injections and surgery. In some cases, injection will completely cure it. While a very minor procedure is a permanent cure, it is not always necessary or the best option.

  • Cortisone Injection
  • Surgery

Make an Appointment with Our Orthopedic Specialists

You might not think about how important your wrists and hands are to daily life—until they are hurt or injured. If you have been taking care of your wrist or hand pain at home and the symptoms are still present after seven to 10 days, it may be time to see one of our orthopedic doctors.

Referrals are welcome but not necessary. You can make an appointment with an orthopedic doctor by calling 801-213-4263 or requesting an appointment online.

When to See a Doctor for Hand or Wrist Pain