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David Bailly

David Bailly, DO

Languages spoken: English, Vietnamese

Clinical Locations

  • Dr. Bailly received his medical degree from Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences in 2005 and completed Pediatric residency at Loma Linda University Children’s Hospital in 2008. He completed a Pediatric Cardiology fellowship at Doernbecher Children’s Hospital in 2011 and a Pediatric Critical Care Medicine fellowship at Boston Children’s Hospital in 2013. He is board certified in Pediatrics and Pediatric Cardiology. He is currently an instructor in the Pediatric Critical Care division at the University of Utah and attends full time in the Cardiac Intensive Care Unit at Primary Children’s Hospital.

    Dr. Bailly’s clinical interests focus on post-operative management of congenital heart disease. His academic interest is in bioinformatics. Specifically, he is working to improve medical data user interfaces, develop early warning systems and improve the cognitive burden of data processing through data transformation.

    Board Certification

    American Board of Pediatrics (Sub: Pediatric Cardiology)
    American Board of Pediatrics (Sub: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine)
  • Dr. Bailly received his medical degree from Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences in 2005 and completed Pediatric residency at Loma Linda University Children’s Hospital in 2008. He completed a Pediatric Cardiology fellowship at Doernbecher Children’s Hospital in 2011 and a Pediatric Critical Care Medicine fellowship at Boston Children’s Hospital in 2013. He is board certified in Pediatrics and Pediatric Cardiology. He is currently an instructor in the Pediatric Critical Care division at the University of Utah and attends full time in the Cardiac Intensive Care Unit at Primary Children’s Hospital.

    Dr. Bailly’s clinical interests focus on post-operative management of congenital heart disease. His academic interest is in bioinformatics. Specifically, he is working to improve medical data user interfaces, develop early warning systems and improve the cognitive burden of data processing through data transformation.

    Board Certification and Academic Information

    Academic Departments Pediatrics -Primary
    Academic Divisions Critical Care
    Board Certification
    American Board of Pediatrics (Sub: Pediatric Cardiology)
    American Board of Pediatrics (Sub: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine)

    Education history

    Graduate Training Clinical Informatics - University of Utah M.A.
    Pediatric Critical Care - Children's Hospital Boston Clinical Fellow
    Fellowship Pediatric Cardiology - Doernbecher Children's Hospital Clinical Fellow
    Pediatrics - Loma Linda University Children's Hospital Intern
    Residency Pediatrics - Loma Linda University Children's Hospital Resident
    Osteopathic Medicine - Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences D.O.
    Undergraduate Psychology - Northern Arizona University B.S.
    Undergraduate General Studies - Mesa Community College A.A.

    Selected Publications

    Journal Article

    1. Moza R, Winder M, Ou Z, Presson A, Vijayarajeh S, Goldstein S, Bailly DK (). Development and external validation of a model to detect chylothorax following pediatric cardiac surgery. (Epub ahead of print) Pediatr Cardiol.
    2. Miya T, Furlong-Dillar J, Sizemore J, Meert K, Dalton H, Reeder R, Bailly DK (). Exploring associations between mortality and ventilator parameters among children with respiratory failure on ECMO. (Epub ahead of print) Respir Care Clin N Am.
    3. Adam L Ware, A, Reiter, L, Winder M, Kelly D, Marietta J, Ohsiek S, Ou Z, Presson A, Bailly DK (). The Final Hospital Need in Patients Discharged from an Inpatient Cardiology Service: A Single-Center Survey Study. (Epub ahead of print) Cardiol Young.
    4. Bushnell J, Connelly C, Algaze-Yojay C, Bailly DK, Koth A, Mafla M, Presnell L, Shin AY, McCammond A (). Team Communication and Expectations following Pediatric Cardiac Surgery: A Multi-Disciplinary Survey. (Epub ahead of print) Pediatr Cardiol.
    5. Byrnes J, Bailly D, Werho DK, Rahman F, Esangbedo I, Hamzah M, Banerjee M, Zhang W, Maher KO, Schumacher KR, Deshpande SR (2023). Risk Factors for Extubation Failure After Pediatric Cardiac Surgery and Impact on Outcomes: A Multicenter Analysis. Crit Care Explor, 5(10), e0966. (Read full article)
    6. Brandewie KL, Selewski DT, Bailly DK, Bhat PN, Diddle JW, Ghbeis M, Krawczeski CD, Mah KE, Neumayr TM, Raymond TT, Reichle G, Zang H, Alten JA, NEPHRON investigators (2023). Early postoperative weight-based fluid overload is associated with worse outcomes after neonatal cardiac surgery. Pediatr Nephrol, 38(9), 3129-3137. (Read full article)
    7. Salem AM, Smith T, Wilkes J, Bailly DK, Heyrend C, Profsky M, Yellepeddi VK, Gopalakrishnan M (2023). Pharmacokinetic Modeling Using Real-World Data to Optimize Unfractionated Heparin Dosing in Pediatric Patients on Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation and Evaluate Target Achievement-Clinical Outcomes Relationship. J Clin Pharmacol. (Read full article)
    8. Moza R, Winder M, Adamson GT, Ou Z, Presson AP, Vijayarajah S, Goldstein SA, Bailly DK (2023). Prediction Model with External Validation for Early Detection of Postoperative Pediatric Chylothorax. Pediatr Cardiol, 44(6), 1367-1372. (Read full article)
    9. Winder MM, Schwartz S, Buckley JR, Fogg KL, Matiasek M, Lyman A, Tortorich A, Holmes K, Frank DU, Nasworthy M, Vichayavilas PE, Bertrandt RA, Kasmai C, Kuester JC, Raymond TT, Greiten LE, Reeder RW, Bailly DK (2023). Optimal Fat-Modified Diet Duration for the Treatment of Postoperative Chylothorax in Children. Ann Thorac Surg. (Read full article)
    10. Miya TR, Furlong-Dillard JM, Sizemore JM, Meert KL, Dalton HJ, Reeder RW, Bailly DK (2023). Association Between Mortality and Ventilator Parameters in Children With Respiratory Failure on ECMO. Respir Care, 68(5), 592-601. (Read full article)
    11. Ware AL, Reiter L, Winder M, Kelly D, Marietta J, Ohsiek S, Ou Z, Presson A, Bailly DK (2022). The final hospital need in children discharged from a cardiology acute care unit: a single-centre survey study. Cardiol Young, 1-8. (Read full article)
    12. Bushnell J, Connelly C, Algaze CA, Bailly DK, Koth A, Mafla M, Presnell L, Shin AY, McCammond AN (2022). Team Communication and Expectations Following Pediatric Cardiac Surgery: A Multi-Disciplinary Survey. Pediatr Cardiol. (Read full article)
    13. Fogg KL, Trauth A, Horsley M, Vichayavilas P, Winder M, Bailly DK, Gordon EE (2022). Nutritional management of postoperative chylothorax in children with CHD. Cardiol Young, 1-9. (Read full article)
    14. Glenn ET, Harman JR, Marietta J, Lake J, Bailly DK, Ou Z, Griffiths ER, Ware AL (2022). Impact of a Surgical Wound Infection Prevention Bundle in Pediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery. Ann Thorac Surg, 115(1), 126-134. (Read full article)
    15. Neumayr TM, Alten JA, Bailly DK, Bhat PN, Brandewie KL, Diddle JW, Ghbeis M, Krawczeski CD, Mah KE, Raymond TT, Reichle G, Zang H, Selewski DT, NEPHRON Investigators (2022). Assessment of fluid balance after neonatal cardiac surgery: a description of intake/output vs. weight-based methods. Pediatr Nephrol. (Read full article)
    16. Lion RP, Winder MM, Amirnovin R, Fogg K, Bertrandt R, Bhaskar P, Kasmai C, Holmes KW, Moza R, Vichayavilas P, Gordon EE, Trauth A, Horsley M, Frank DU, Stock A, Adamson G, Lyman A, Raymond T, Diaz I, DeMarco A, Prodhan P, Fundora M, Aljiffry A, Dewitt AG, Kozyak BW, Greiten L, Scahill C, Buckley J, Bailly DK, PC4 Chylothorax Work Group (2022). Development of consensus recommendations for the management of post-operative chylothorax in paediatric CHD. Cardiol Young, 32(8), 1202-1209. (Read full article)
    17. Alten J, Cooper DS, Klugman D, Raymond TT, Wooton S, Garza J, Clarke-Myers K, Anderson J, Pasquali SK, Absi M, Affolter JT, Bailly DK, Bertrandt RA, Borasino S, Dewan M, Domnina Y, Lane J, McCammond AN, Mueller DM, Olive MK, Ortmann L, Prodhan P, Sasaki J, Scahill C, Schroeder LW, Werho DK, Zaccagni H, Zhang W, Banerjee M, Gaies M, PC4 CAP Collaborators (2022). Preventing Cardiac Arrest in the Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Unit Through Multicenter Collaboration. JAMA Pediatr, 176, 1027-1036. (Read full article)
    18. Blauvelt DG, Inany HS, Furlong-Dillard JM, Bailly DK, Oishi P, Steurer MA, Mahendra M (2022). Association of Ventilator Settings with Mortality in Pediatric Patients Treated with Extracorporeal Life Support for Respiratory Failure. ASAIO J, 68, 1536-1543. (Read full article)
    19. Bailly DK, Alten JA, Gist KM, Mah KE, Kwiatkowski DM, Valentine KM, Diddle JW, Tadphale S, Clarke S, Selewski DT, Banerjee M, Reichle G, Lin P, Gaies M, Blinder JJ, NEPHRON Investigators (2022). Fluid Accumulation After Neonatal Congenital Cardiac Operation: Clinical Implications and Outcomes. Ann Thorac Surg, 114, 2288-2294. (Read full article)
    20. Bailly DK, Reeder RW, Muszynski JA, Meert KL, Ankola AA, Alexander PM, Pollack MM, Moler FW, Berg RA, Carcillo J, Newth C, Berger J, Bell MJ, Dean JM, Nicholson C, Garcia-Filion P, Wessel D, Heidemann S, Doctor A, Harrison R, Dalton H, Zuppa AF (2022). Anticoagulation practices associated with bleeding and thrombosis in pediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation; a multi-center secondary analysis. Perfusion, 2676591211056562. (Read full article)
    21. Ankola AA, Bailly DK, Reeder RW, Cashen K, Dalton HJ, Dolgner SJ, Federman M, Ghassemzadeh R, Himebauch AS, Kamerkar A, Koch J, Kohne J, Lewen M, Srivastava N, Willett R, Alexander PMA (2022). Risk Factors Associated With Bleeding in Children With Cardiac Disease Receiving Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: A Multi-Center Data Linkage Analysis. Front Cardiovasc Med, 8, 812881. (Read full article)
    22. Lasa JJ, Banerjee M, Zhang W, Bailly DK, Sasaki J, Bertrandt R, Raymond TT, Olive MK, Smith A, Alten J, Gaies M (2022). Critical Care Unit Organizational and Personnel Factors Impact Cardiac Arrest Prevention and Rescue in the Pediatric Cardiac Population. Pediatr Crit Care Med, 23(4), 255-267. (Read full article)
    23. Winder MM, Vijayarajah S, Reeder RW, Glenn ET, Moza R, Eckhauser AW, Bailly DK (2021). Successfully Reducing Fat-modified Diet Duration for Treating Postoperative Chylothorax in Children. Ann Thorac Surg, 114, 2363-2371. (Read full article)
    24. Hummel K, White BR, Algaze CA, Marrone T, Sinnott JA, Wawrzynski S, Winder M, Bailly DK (2021). Bedside Benchmarks: Transparent Data to Reduce Variation in Postoperative Care. . New England Journal of Medicine Catalyst Innovations in Care Delivery, 2(6).
    25. Bailly DK, Furlong-Dillard JM, Winder M, Lavering M, Barbaro RP, Meert KL, Bratton SL, Dalton H, Reeder RW (2020). External validation of the Pediatric Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Prediction model for risk adjusting mortality. Perfusion, 36(4), 407-414. (Read full article)
    26. Workman JK, Bailly DK, Reeder RW, Dalton HJ, Berg RA, Shanley TP, Newth CJL, Pollack MM, Wessel D, Carcillo J, Harrison R, Dean JM, Meert KL, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development NICHD Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network CPCCRN (2020). Risk Factors for Mortality in Refractory Pediatric Septic Shock Supported with Extracorporeal Life Support. ASAIO J, 66(10), 1152-1160. (Read full article)
    27. Johnson JT, Sullivan KL, Nelson RE, Sheng X, Greene TH, Bailly DK, Eckhauser AW, Marino BS, Minich LL, Pinto NM (2020). Factors That Contribute to Cost Differences Based on ICU of Admission in Neonates Undergoing Congenital Heart Surgery: A Novel Decomposition Analysis. Pediatr Crit Care Med, 21(9), e842-e847. (Read full article)
    28. Winder MM, Ou Z, Presson AP, Witte MK, Ware AL, Marietta J, Ward JJ, Bailly DK (2020). The final reason paediatric Cardiac ICU patients require care prior to discharge to the floor: a single-centre survey. Cardiol Young, 30(8), 1109-1117. (Read full article)
    29. DeWitt AG, Rossano JW, Bailly DK, Bhat PN, Chanani NK, Kirkland BW, Moga MA, Owens GE, Retzloff LB, Zhang W, Banerjee M, Costarino AT, Bird GL, Gaies M (2020). Predicting and Surviving Prolonged Critical Illness After Congenital Heart Surgery. Crit Care Med, 48(7), e557-e564. (Read full article)
    30. Mulcaire-Jones JP, Bailly DK, Frank DU, Verma AR, Barney BJ, Siefkes HM (2020). Spontaneous aortic thrombosis in neonates: a case report and review of literature. Cardiol Young, 30(1), 95-99. (Read full article)
    31. Bailly DK, Reeder RW, Winder M, Barbaro RP, Pollack MM, Moler FW, Meert KL, Berg RA, Carcillo J, Zuppa AF, Newth C, Berger J, Bell MJ, Dean MJ, Nicholson C, Garcia-Filion P, Wessel D, Heidemann S, Doctor A, Harrison R, Bratton SL, Dalton H, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development NICHD Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network CPCCRN (2019). Development of the Pediatric Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Prediction Model for Risk-Adjusting Mortality. Pediatr Crit Care Med, 20(5), 426-434. (Read full article)
    32. Furlong-Dillard JM, Miller BJ, Sward KA, Neary AI, Hardin-Reynolds TL, Jeffers G, Clay BA, Truong DT, Miller TA, Jones CE, Lambert LM, Bailly DK (2019). The association between feeding protocol compliance and weight gain following high-risk neonatal cardiac surgery. Cardiol Young, 29(5), 594-601. (Read full article)
    33. Gist KM, Blinder JJ, Bailly D, Borasino S, Askenazi DJ, Cooper DS, Krawczeski CD, Gaies M, Morales DLS, Hock KM, Alten J (2019). Neonatal and Paediatric Heart and Renal Outcomes Network: design of a multi-centre retrospective cohort study. Cardiol Young, 29(4), 511-518. (Read full article)
    34. Barbaro RP, Boonstra PS, Kuo KW, Selewski DT, Bailly DK, Stone CL, Chow CY, Annich GM, Moler FW, Paden ML (2018). Evaluating Mortality Risk Adjustment Among Children Receiving Extracorporeal Support for Respiratory Failure. ASAIO J, 65(3), 277-284. (Read full article)
    35. Winder MM, Eckhauser AW, Delgado-Corcoran C, Smout RJ, Marietta J, Bailly DK (2018). A protocol to decrease postoperative chylous effusion duration in children. Cardiol Young, 28(6), 816-825. (Read full article)
    36. Brunetti MA, Gaynor JW, Retzloff LB, Lehrich JL, Banerjee M, Amula V, Bailly D, Klugman D, Koch J, Lasa J, Pasquali SK, Gaies M (2018). Characteristics, Risk Factors, and Outcomes of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Use in Pediatric Cardiac ICUs: A Report From the Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care Consortium Registry. Pediatr Crit Care Med, 19(6), 544-552. (Read full article)
    37. Furlong-Dillard J, Bailly D, Amula V, Wilkes J, Bratton S (2017). Resource Use and Morbidities in Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Patients with Genetic Conditions. J Pediatr, 193, 139-146.e1. (Read full article)
    38. Griffiths ER, Pinto NM, Eckhauser AW, Al-Dulaimi R, Presson AP, Bailly DK, Burch PT (2017). Differences in clinical outcomes and cost between complex and simple arterial switches. Cardiol Young, 28(1), 134-141. (Read full article)
    39. Furlong-Dillard JM, Amula V, Bailly DK, Bleyl SB, Wilkes J, Bratton SL (2017). Use of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation and Mortality in Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Patients With Genetic Conditions: A Multicenter Analysis. Pediatr Crit Care Med, 18(9), 850-858. (Read full article)
    40. Truong DT, Johnson JT, Bailly DK, Clawson JR, Sheng X, Burch PT, Witte MK, LuAnn Minich L (2016). Platelet Inhibition in Shunted Infants on Aspirin at Short and Midterm Follow-Up. Pediatr Cardiol, 38(2), 401-409. (Read full article)
    41. Bailly DK, Reeder RW, Zabrocki LA, Hubbard AM, Wilkes J, Bratton SL, Thiagarajan RR, Extracorporeal Life Support Organization Member Centers (2016). Development and Validation of a Score to Predict Mortality in Children Undergoing Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Respiratory Failure: Pediatric Pulmonary Rescue With Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Prediction Score. Crit Care Med, 45(1), e58-e66. (Read full article)
    42. Kirkland BW, Wilkes J, Bailly DK, Bratton SL (2016). Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Pediatric Respiratory Failure: Risk Factors Associated With Center Volume and Mortality. Pediatr Crit Care Med, 17(8), 779-88. (Read full article)
    43. McCammond AN, Axelrod DM, Bailly DK, Ramsey EZ, Costello JM (March 2016). Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Society 2014 Consensus Statement: Pharmacotherapies in Cardiac Critical Care Fluid Management. Pediatr Crit Care Med, 17(3 Suppl 1), S35-48.
    44. Zubair MM, Hohimer AR, Bailly DK, Muralidaran A, Madriago EJ, Zubair MH, Lasarev MR, Langley SM (April 2015). High flow velocity through congenital cardiac lesions predicts preoperative platelet dysfunction. Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg, 99(4), 1379-85.
    45. Zubair MM, Bailly DK, Lantz G, Sunstrom RE, Saharan S, Boshkov LK, Sochacki P, Roger Hohimer A, Lasarev MR, Langley SM (January 2015). Preoperative platelet dysfunction predicts blood product transfusion in children undergoing cardiac surgery. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg, 20(1), 24-30.
    46. Bailly DK, Boshkov LK, Zubair MM, Rogers VJ, Lantz G, Armsby L, Hohimer AR, Martchenke J, Sochacki P, Langley SM (October 2014). Congenital cardiac lesions involving systolic flow abnormalities are associated with platelet dysfunction in children. Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg, 98(4), 1419-24.

    Editorial

    1. Winder M, Bailly D (2023). Pediatric chylothorax: where we've been and where we're going. J Thorac Dis, 15(4), 1526-1529. (Read full article)
    2. Bailly DK, Bratton SL (February 2015). Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, dialysis, and mortality: let's agree to agree. Pediatric critical care Medicine, 16(2), 192-3.

    Abstract

    1. Dongngan T Truong, MD, Zhining Ou, MS, Bailly DK, Phillip T Burch, MD, Eric R Griffiths, L LuAnn Minich (2019). Factors Associated with Home Deaths and Changes in Mortality Over Time in Phase 1 of the National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative [Abstract]. ACC 2019.
    2. DeWitt AG, Rossano JW, Bailly DK, Bhatt P, Chanani NK, Kirkland B, Moga MA, Owens GE, Retzloff L, Zhang W, Banerjee M, Costarino AT, Bird GL, Gaies M (June 2018). Risk-adjusted Incidence of Prolonged Postoperative Critical Care Varies Widely Across Congenital Heart Surgery Centers [Abstract]. Circulation, 136(1).
    3. Bailly DK, Reeder RW, Winder MM, Pollack MM, Moler FW, Meert KL, Berg RA, Carcillo J, Zuppa AF, Shanley T, Newth C, Berger J, Bell MJ, Dean JM, Nicolson C, Garcia-Filion P, Wessel D, Hedidemann S, Doctor A, Harrison R, Bratton SL, Dalton H (2018, May). Development and validation of the pediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation prediction (PEP) model for risk adjusting mortality. EuroELSO 2018. Prague, Czech Republic [Abstract]. Perfusion, 33(IS), 130.
    4. Aaron Dewitt, Joseph William Rossano, Bailly DK, Priya Bhat, Nikhil Chanani, Brandon Kirkland, Michael-Alice Moga, GabeOwens, Lauren Retzloff, Wenying Zhang, Mousumi Banerjee, Andrew Costarino, Geoffrey Bird, Sara Pasquali, Michael Gaies (2018, March). Modifiable factors predict mortality after prolonged critical illness following congenital heart surgery; presented at the American College of Cardiology’s 67th Annual Scientific Session, Orlando, FL. [Abstract]. Journal of American College of Cardiology, 71(11), 630.
    5. Smith T, Heyrend C, Kumar S, Balch A, Bailly DK (2017, September). Creation of a pharmacokinetic model for optimal initial heparin dosing in pediatric patients receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation [Abstract]. ASAIO.
    6. Marissa Brunetti, Lauren B Retzloff, Jessica L Lehrich, J William Gaynor, Sara Pasquali, Bailly DK, Susan Davis, Darren Klugman, Joshua Koch, Javier Lasa, Michael Gaies (2017, March). Characteristics, risk factors, and outcomes of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation use in the pediatric cardiac intensive care unit [Abstract]. Journal of American College of Cardiology, 69(11), 556.
    7. Furlong-Dillard J, Venugopal A, Bailly DK, Bleyl S, Wilkes J, Bratton S (2017, January). Pediatric Cardiac Surgery and Genetic Conditions Use of ECMO and Mortality: A Multicenter Analysis. [Abstract]. Critical Care Medicine.
    8. Winder MM, Eckhauser AW, Smout RJ, Marietta J, Bailly DK (10/2016). A Protocol to Decrease Post Operative Chylous Effusion Duration in Pediatric Patients [Abstract]. Pediatric Criitical Care Medicine.
    9. Bailly DK, Reeder RW, Zabrocki LA, Hubbard AM, Wilkes J, Bratton SL, Thiagarajan RR (11/18/20). The Pediatric Pulmonary Rescue with Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Prediction (P-PREP) Score [Abstract]. Critical Care Medicine, 43(12 Suppl 1), 10-11.
    10. Zubair, M, Bailly DK, Hohimer AR, Saharan S, Lantz G, Sunstrom RE, Boshkov LK, Sochacki P, Langley SM (2013, October). Blood Product Transfusion and Postoperative Bleeding Can Be Predicted by Platelet Function Analysis PFA-100® in Children Undergoing Cardiac Surgery [Abstract]. Circulation, 128(A14918).
    11. David K Bailly, Vanessa JC Rogers, Julie Martchenke, Stephen M Langley, Lynn Boshkov (2010). Cardiology 2010, 13th Annual Update on Pediatric Cardiovascular Disease: Abstracts; High Shear Congenital Cardiac Defects are associated with Platelet Function Defects in Children. [Abstract]. Cardiology in the Young, 20(S3), 198.

    Other

    1. Bailly DK (2011). The OHSU Effect; Expanding Frontiers and Spreading Knowledge. Lead role in televsion commercial for Oregon Health and Science University institutional advancement ad campaign. Portland.

    Video/Film/CD/Web/Podcast

    1. Bailly DK, Olszewski, AE, Wolbrink, TA (Online video). Atrial Septal Defects. 2015. [Video]. Boston: OPENPediatrics. Available: https:// www.openpediatrics.org/assets/video/atrial-septal-defects.
    2. Bailly DK, Olszewski, AE, Wolbrink, TA (Online). Ventricular Septal Defects. 2014. [Video]. OPENPediatrics. Available: https://www.openpediatrics.org/assets/video/ventricular-septal-defects.
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