"Under the umbrella of incontinence, there are three main types," says McCormick.
- Stress incontinence, which is urine leakage associated with activity
- Overflow incontinence, where the bladder is full but there's no sensation, so it spills over
- Urge incontinence, also known as an overactive bladder
Stress Incontinence Surgery
"There is no bladder control medication to treat stress incontinence," says McCormick. "But there are medications for urge incontinence, so if there's a component of urgency, you can try those medications first." Otherwise, McCormick notes, there are two main surgical treatments available to men for stress incontinence treatment:
- Urethral Sling - "This is not bladder lifting surgery, rather it's a sling placed around the urethra to lift it back into a normal position and apply pressure for better urine retention."
- Artificial Sphincter - "A fluid-filled cuff wraps around the urethra to keep urine from leaking out, until you squeeze the scrotal pump to open the cuff."
McCormick says both urinary incontinence surgery methods are outpatient or same-day procedures. They differ in that the sling provides immediate improvement in incontinence, while artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) surgery can treat more severe incontinence, but is activated after healing occurs. "There's an activation button on the pump placed in the scrotum that we gently press at about six weeks."
Each bladder leakage surgery methods can make a significant difference. "They are both highly successful in reducing the amount of incontinence. Up to 85-90% effective in curing or greatly improving incontinence."
Candidates for Surgery
"The sling procedure would be for someone with mild incontinence, maybe using one to three pads per day to deal with leakage," says McCormick. "More than that, and you'd start to think about using an AUS, which is best for moderate to severe incontinence."
McCormick says the procedures can really make an impact. "Going from soaking maybe five to ten pads a day to only using one pad and getting back out there to play golf again or do whatever you enjoy - there can be such a huge quality of life improvement for patients."
Regardless of method, McCormick says urinary incontinence treatment for elderly patients is the same as for those who are middle-aged.
Over the Counter for Bladder Control
So, what's available to men OTC for bladder control?
"For incontinence care at home, there's a device called a Cunningham Clamp that can be used very temporarily," says McCormick. "It's just a soft clip that stays on the penis and can help hold back urine." The user decides when to remove it, to relieve themselves.
The bladder is supported by pelvic floor muscles, so in some patients stress incontinence can be improved by simple light pelvic exercises to restore flexibility and muscle strength. McCormick says It's also helpful to drink enough water and avoid caffeine and alcohol.