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Fiemu E. Nwariaku

Fiemu E. Nwariaku, MD, FACS, MBA

Languages spoken: English

Clinical Locations

Huntsman Cancer Institute - Cancer Hospital South

Clinic 1A, Head and Neck
801-585-0193
  • Fiemu E. Nwariaku, MD, FACS, MBA specializes in endocrine surgery and has a keen interest in caring for patients with diseases of the thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal and pancreas. He is particularly knowledgeable and skillful in the use of new techniques and technology to take care of patients with complex endocrine surgical diseases. In particular, Dr. Nwariaku is at the forefront of breakthroughs in robotic surgery and minimally invasive surgery.

    Dr. Nwariaku’s clinical interests include:

    • Tumors of the adrenal, pancreas, thyroid, and parathyroid glands

    • GI and pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors

    • Minimally invasive robotic surgery

    An accomplished surgeon scientist, Dr. Nwariaku has broad research interests ranging from inflammation to cancer, to the use of technology to improve surgical outcomes. He is nationally and globally recognized for his work in thyroid and adrenal disease. In recognition of his contributions, he is a member of many prestigious organizations including the American College of Surgeons, American Association of Endocrine Surgeons, Association for Academic Surgery, Society of University Surgeons, and the Society of Clinical Surgery.

    Dr. Nwariaku is a Professor and Chair of the Department of Surgery at the Spencer Fox Eccles School of Medicine at the University of Utah. He also holds the Helen Lowe Bamberger Colby Presidential Endowed Chair in Health Sciences at the University of Utah.

    Prior to arriving at the University of Utah, he was Professor of Surgery at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, in the practice of endocrine surgery for over 25 years.

    His training is broad and diverse including medical school at the University College Hospital in Nigeria, the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, where he completed a residency and fellowship prior to serving as a faculty member and executive vice chair in the Department of Surgery.

    Board Certification

    American Board of Surgery
  • Fiemu E. Nwariaku, MD, FACS, MBA specializes in endocrine surgery and has a keen interest in caring for patients with diseases of the thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal and pancreas. He is particularly knowledgeable and skillful in the use of new techniques and technology to take care of patients with complex endocrine surgical diseases. In particular, Dr. Nwariaku is at the forefront of breakthroughs in robotic surgery and minimally invasive surgery.

    Dr. Nwariaku’s clinical interests include:

    • Tumors of the adrenal, pancreas, thyroid, and parathyroid glands

    • GI and pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors

    • Minimally invasive robotic surgery

    An accomplished surgeon scientist, Dr. Nwariaku has broad research interests ranging from inflammation to cancer, to the use of technology to improve surgical outcomes. He is nationally and globally recognized for his work in thyroid and adrenal disease. In recognition of his contributions, he is a member of many prestigious organizations including the American College of Surgeons, American Association of Endocrine Surgeons, Association for Academic Surgery, Society of University Surgeons, and the Society of Clinical Surgery.

    Dr. Nwariaku is a Professor and Chair of the Department of Surgery at the Spencer Fox Eccles School of Medicine at the University of Utah. He also holds the Helen Lowe Bamberger Colby Presidential Endowed Chair in Health Sciences at the University of Utah.

    Prior to arriving at the University of Utah, he was Professor of Surgery at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, in the practice of endocrine surgery for over 25 years.

    His training is broad and diverse including medical school at the University College Hospital in Nigeria, the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, where he completed a residency and fellowship prior to serving as a faculty member and executive vice chair in the Department of Surgery.

    Board Certification and Academic Information

    Academic Departments Surgery -Primary
    Academic Divisions General Surgery
    Board Certification
    American Board of Surgery

    Education history

    Graduate Training Physician Executive Program - University of Tennessee M.B.A.
    Surgery - University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Resident
    Research Fellow Surgery - University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Research Fellow
    Surgery - University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Resident
    Residency Surgery - Eku Baptist Hospital Junior House Officer
    General Surgery - Eku Baptist Hospital Intern
    Professional Medical Medicine, Surgery - University of Ibadan College of Medicine M.B.B.S.

    Selected Publications

    Journal Article

    1. Teke ME, Taveras LR, Meier J, Johnson CC, Marshall NJE, Hynan LS, Nwariaku FE, Zeh HJ, Abdelfattah KR (2023). Burnout in Surgical Residents of Underrepresented in Medicine Backgrounds: Key Influencing Factors and Possible Solutions. J Surg Res, 291, 51-57.
    2. Ghayee HK, Xu Y, Hatch H, Brockway R, Multani AS, Gu T, Bollag WB, Turcu A, Rainey WE, Rege J, Nanba K, Bhagwandin VJ, Nwariaku F, Stastny V, Gazdar AF, Shay JW, Auchus RJ, Tevosian SG (2023). Development of Human Adrenocortical Adenoma (HAA1) Cell Line from Zona Reticularis. Int J Mol Sci, 24(1).
    3. Ogbudebe C, Jeong D, Odume B, Chukwuogo O, Dim C, Useni S, Okuzu O, Malolan C, Kim D, Nwariaku F, Nwokoye N, Gande S, Nongo D, Eneogu R, Odusote T, Oyelaran S, Chijioke-Akaniro O, Nihalani N, Anyaike C, Gidado M (2023). Identifying Hot Spots of Tuberculosis in Nigeria Using an Early Warning Outbreak Recognition System: Retrospective Analysis of Implications for Active Case Finding Interventions. JMIR Public Health Surveill, 9.
    4. Ogunyemi K, Venkatraman C, Malolan C, Olaomi O, Nwariaku FE (2022). Assessment of Knowledge, Skills, and Preparedness of General-Duty Police on Prehospital Care of Road Traffic Accident Victims in Abuja, Nigeria. Disaster Med Public Health Prep, 1-8.
    5. Dream S, Kuo LE, Kuo JH, Sprague SM, Nwariaku FE, Wolf M, Olson JA Jr, Moe SM, Lindeman B, Chen H (2022). The American Association of Endocrine Surgeons Guidelines for the Definitive Surgical Management of Secondary and Tertiary Renal Hyperparathyroidism. Ann Surg, 276(3), e141-e176.
    6. Salam S, Mehta A, Kim D, Seyi-Olajide J, Allo N, Malolan C, Nwariaku F, Khan L (2022). Improving Lagos State emergency medical services by analysing road traffic accident data, response time, and efficient allocation of ambulances. Lancet Glob Health, 10 Suppl 1, S26.
    7. Venkatraman C, Odusola AO, Malolan C, Kola-Korolo O, Olaomi O, Idris J, Nwariaku FE (2021). Lagos state ambulance service: a performance evaluation. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg, 47(5), 1591-1598.
    8. Venkatraman C, Odusola AO, Malolan C, Kola-Korolo O, Olaomi O, Idris J, Nwariaku FE (2020). Lagos state ambulance service: a performance evaluation. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg, 47(5), 1591-1598.
    9. Lubis N, Cherian MN, Venkatraman C, Nwariaku FE (2021). Global community perception of 'surgical care' as a public health issue: a cross sectional survey. BMC Public Health, 21(1), 958.
    10. Ogunyemi KO, Venkatraman C, Malolan C, Olaomi O, Nwariaku FE (2021). Police experiences of bystander assistance in pre-hospital care of road traffic accident victims in Abuja, Nigeria: a cross-sectional study. Lancet Glob Health, 9(S9).
    11. Carter AM, Tan C, Pozo K, Telange R, Molinaro R, Guo A, De Rosa E, Martinez JO, Zhang S, Kumar N, Takahashi M, Wiederhold T, Ghayee HK, Oltmann SC, Pacak K, Woltering EA, Hatanpaa KJ, Nwariaku FE, Grubbs EG, Gill AJ, Robinson B, Gillardon F, Reddy S, Jaskula-Sztul R, Mobley JA, Mukhtar MS, Tasciotti E, Chen H, Bibb JA (2020). Phosphoprotein-based biomarkers as predictors for cancer therapy. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 117(31), 18401-18411.
    12. Berry C, Khabele D, Johnson-Mann C, Henry-Tillman R, Joseph KA, Turner P, Pugh C, Fayanju OM, Backhus L, Sweeting R, Newman EA, Oseni T, Hasson RM, White C, Cobb A, Johnston FM, Stallion A, Karpeh M, Nwariaku F, Rodriguez LM, Jordan AH (2020). A Call to Action: Black/African American Women Surgeon Scientists, Where are They? Ann Surg, 272(1), 24-29.
    13. Islam AK, Holt S, Reisch J, Nwariaku F, Antonelli J, Maalouf NM (2020). What Predicts Recurrent Kidney Stone after Parathyroidectomy in Patients with Primary Hyperparathyroidism? J Am Coll Surg, 231(1), 74-82.
    14. Venkatraman C, Olowu O, Turkmani D, Hynan L, Nwariaku FE (2020). Decreasing Trends in Road Traffic Injury Incidence and Mortality in Nigeria: A Ten-Year Analysis. J Surg Res, 249, 163-167.
    15. Davis JR, Dackiw AP, Holt SA, Nwariaku FE, Oltmann SC (2018). Rapid Relief: Thyroidectomy is a Quicker Cure than Radioactive Iodine Ablation (RAI) in Patients with Hyperthyroidism. World J Surg, 43(3), 812-817.
    16. Reddy SP, Walsh MS, Paulino-Ramirez R, Florenzn J, Fernndez J, Nwariaku FE, Abdelnaby A (2019). Neurologic injuries following road traffic accidents in the Dominican Republic: Examining causes and potential solutions. Traffic Inj Prev, 20(7), 690-695.
    17. Venkatraman C, Kim H, Idowu A, Idris J, Hynan L, Kim D, Nwariaku FE (2019). When policy meets the pedal: A reduction in motorcyclist fatalities following the implementation of a road traffic law in Lagos, Nigeria. Traffic Inj Prev, 20(8), 849-853.
    18. Ready FL, Gebremedhem YD, Worku M, Mehta K, Eshte M, GoldenMerry YL, Nwariaku FE, Wolf SE, Phelan HA (2018). Epidemiologic shifts for burn injury in Ethiopia from 2001 to 2016: Implications for public health measures. Burns, 44(7), 1839-1843.
    19. Rickard J, Onwuka E, Joseph S, Ozgediz D, Krishnaswami S, Oyetunji TA, Sharma J, Ginwalla RF, Nwomeh BC, Jayaraman S, Academic Global Surgery Taskforce (2018). Value of Global Surgical Activities for US Academic Health Centers: A Position Paper by the Association for Academic Surgery Global Affairs Committee, Society of University Surgeons Committee on Global Academic Surgery, and American College of Surgeons' Operation Giving Back. J Am Coll Surg, 227(4), 455-466.e6.
    20. Kadiyala S, Khan Y, de Miguel V, Frone MN, Nwariaku F, Rabaglia J, Woodruff S, King EE, Hathiramani SS, Pacak K, Ghayee HK (2018). SDHD Gene Mutations: Looking Beyond Head and Neck Tumors. AACE Clin Case Rep, 4(3), 186-190.
    21. Fishbein L, Leshchiner I, Walter V, Danilova L, Robertson AG, Johnson AR, Lichtenberg TM, Murray BA, Ghayee HK, Else T, Ling S, Jefferys SR, de Cubas AA, Wenz B, Korpershoek E, Amelio AL, Makowski L, Rathmell WK, Gimenez-Roqueplo AP, Giordano TJ, Asa SL, Tischler AS, Cancer Genome Atlas Research Network, Pacak K, Nathanson KL, Wilkerson MD (2017). Comprehensive Molecular Characterization of Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma. Cancer Cell, 31(2), 181-193.
    22. Clark A, Dackiw AP, White WD, Nwariaku FE, Holt SA, Rabaglia JL, Oltmann SC (2016). Early endocrine attending surgeon presence increases operating room efficiency. J Surg Res, 205(2), 272-278.
    23. Lee JI, Oltmann SC, Woodruff SL, Nwariaku FE, Holt SA, Rabaglia JL (2015). Contralateral adrenal abnormalities in Conn's syndrome. J Surg Res, 200(1), 183-8.
    24. Pozo K, Hillmann A, Augustyn A, Plattner F, Hai T, Singh T, Ramezani S, Sun X, Pfragner R, Minna JD, Cote GJ, Chen H, Bibb JA, Nwariaku FE (2014). Differential expression of cell cycle regulators in CDK5-dependent medullary thyroid carcinoma tumorigenesis. Oncotarget, 6(14), 12080-93.
    25. Tran H, Grange JS, Adams-Huet B, Nwariaku FE, Rabaglia JL, Woodruff SL, Holt SA, Maalouf NM (2014). The impact of obesity on the presentation of primary hyperparathyroidism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 99(7), 2359-64.
    26. Pozo K, Castro-Rivera E, Tan C, Plattner F, Schwach G, Siegl V, Meyer D, Guo A, Gundara J, Mettlach G, Richer E, Guevara JA, Ning L, Gupta A, Hao G, Tsai LH, Sun X, Antich P, Sidhu S, Robinson BG, Chen H, Nwariaku FE, Pfragner R, Richardson JA, Bibb JA (2012). The role of Cdk5 in neuroendocrine thyroid cancer. Cancer Cell, 24(4), 499-511.
    27. Mobolaji O, Fiemu N, Akanmu I, Kish P, Omolara W, Foluso O, Roland O, Stephen I, Adebimpe A (2016). Pathway to Independence: Implications for Developing A Sustainable MIS Program in low Resource settings. Nig Q J Hosp Med, 23(4), 309-13.
    28. Ghayee HK, Bhagwandin VJ, Stastny V, Click A, Ding LH, Mizrachi D, Zou YS, Chari R, Lam WL, Bachoo RM, Smith AL, Story MD, Sidhu S, Robinson BG, Nwariaku FE, Gazdar AF, Auchus RJ, Shay JW (2013). Progenitor cell line (hPheo1) derived from a human pheochromocytoma tumor. PLoS One, 8(6), e65624.
    29. Koppolu B, Bhavsar Z, Wadajkar AS, Nattama S, Rahimi M, Nwariaku F, Nguyen KT (2012). Temperature-sensitive polymer-coated magnetic nanoparticles as a potential drug delivery system for targeted therapy of thyroid cancer. J Biomed Nanotechnol, 8(6), 983-90.
    30. Zang QS, Sadek H, Maass DL, Martinez B, Ma L, Kilgore JA, Williams NS, Frantz DE, Wigginton JG, Nwariaku FE, Wolf SE, Minei JP (2012). Specific inhibition of mitochondrial oxidative stress suppresses inflammation and improves cardiac function in a rat pneumonia-related sepsis model. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol, 302(9), H1847-59.
    31. Wang Y, Zang QS, Liu Z, Wu Q, Maass D, Dulan G, Shaul PW, Melito L, Frantz DE, Kilgore JA, Williams NS, Terada LS, Nwariaku FE (2011). Regulation of VEGF-induced endothelial cell migration by mitochondrial reactive oxygen species. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol, 301(3), C695-704.
    32. Rabaglia JL, Kabbani W, Wallace L, Holt S, Watumull L, Pruitt J, Snyder WH, Nwariaku FE (2010). Effect of the Bethesda system for reporting thyroid cytopathology on thyroidectomy rates and malignancy risk in cytologically indeterminate lesions. Surgery, 148(6), 1267-72; discussion 1272-3.
    33. Nadler EP, Krishnaswami S, Brundage SI, Kim LT, Kingham TP, Olutoye OO, Nwariaku F, Nwomeh BC (2010). Assessing the efficacy of the fundamentals of research and career development course overseas. J Surg Res, 163(2), 197-200.
    34. Woodruff SL, Arowolo OA, Akute OO, Afolabi AO, Nwariaku F (2009). Global variation in the pattern of differentiated thyroid cancer. Am J Surg, 200(4), 462-6.
    35. Nwariaku FE (2010). Performance of Medical Graduates Within and Outside Nigeria. Niger Med J, 51(2), 92-94.
    36. Zang QS, Maass DL, Wigginton JG, Barber RC, Martinez B, Idris AH, Horton JW, Nwariaku FE (2010). Burn serum causes a CD14-dependent mitochondrial damage in primary cardiomyocytes. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol, 298(6), H1951-8.
    37. Mitchell IC, Brown TS, Terada LS, Amatruda JF, Nwariaku FE (2010). Effect of vascular cadherin knockdown on zebrafish vasculature during development. PLoS One, 5(1), e8807.
    38. Rabaglia JL, Kabbani W, Wallace L, Holt S, Watumull L, Pruitt J, Snyder WH, Nwariaku FE (2010). Effect of the Bethesda system for reporting thyroid cytopathology on thyroidectomy rates and malignancy risk in cytologically indeterminate lesions. Surgery, 148(6), 1267-1273.
    39. Alfano RW, Leppla SH, Liu S, Bugge TH, Ortiz JM, Lairmore TC, Duesbery NS, Mitchell IC, Nwariaku F, Frankel AE (2010). Inhibition of tumor angiogenesis by the matrix metalloproteinase-activated anthrax lethal toxin in an orthotopic model of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma. Mol Cancer Ther, 9(1), 190-201.
    40. Nwariaku FE (2008). Mind the gap: workforce disparities and global health. J Surg Res, 154(2), 304-11.
    41. Auchus RJ, Michaelis C, Wians FH Jr, Dolmatch BL, Josephs SC, Trimmer CK, Anderson ME, Nwariaku FE (2009). Rapid cortisol assays improve the success rate of adrenal vein sampling for primary aldosteronism. Ann Surg, 249(2), 318-21.
    42. Roland CL, Lo CY, Miller BS, Holt S, Nwariaku FE (2008). Surgical approach and perioperative complications determine short-term outcomes in patients with insulinoma: results of a bi-institutional study. Ann Surg Oncol, 15(12), 3532-7.
    43. Mitchell I, Livingston EH, Chang AY, Holt S, Snyder WH 3rd, Lingvay I, Nwariaku FE (2007). Trends in thyroid cancer demographics and surgical therapy in the United States. Surgery, 142(6), 823-8; discussion 828.e1.
    44. Mitchell IC, Auchus RJ, Juneja K, Chang AY, Holt SA, Snyder WH 3rd, Nwariaku FE (2007). "Subclinical Cushing's syndrome" is not subclinical: improvement after adrenalectomy in 9 patients. Surgery, 142(6), 900-5; discussion 905.e1.
    45. Ma Z, Myers DP, Wu RF, Nwariaku FE, Terada LS (2007). p66Shc mediates anoikis through RhoA. J Cell Biol, 179(1), 23-31.
    46. Auchus RJ, Chandler DW, Singeetham S, Chokshi N, Nwariaku FE, Dolmatch BL, Holt SA, Wians FH Jr, Josephs SC, Trimmer CK, Lopera J, Vongpatanasin W, Nesbitt SD, Leonard D, Victor RG (2007). Measurement of 18-hydroxycorticosterone during adrenal vein sampling for primary aldosteronism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 92(7), 2648-51.
    47. Nahari D, Satchi-Fainaro R, Chen M, Mitchell I, Task LB, Liu Z, Kihneman J, Carroll AB, Terada LS, Nwariaku FE (2007). Tumor cytotoxicity and endothelial Rac inhibition induced by TNP-470 in anaplastic thyroid cancer. Mol Cancer Ther, 6(4), 1329-37.
    48. Vallbhmer D, Peters J, Kuramochi H, Oh D, Yang D, Shimizu D, DeMeester S, Hagen J, Chandrasoma P, Danenberg K, Danenberg P, DeMeester T, Vetto J, Nwariaku F, Michelassi F (2006). Molecular determinants in targeted therapy for esophageal adenocarcinoma. Arch Surg, 141(5), 476-482.
    49. Nwariaku FE, Miller BS, Auchus R, Holt S, Watumull L, Dolmatch B, Nesbitt S, Vongpatanasin W, Victor R, Wians F, Livingston E, Snyder WH 3rd (2006). Primary hyperaldosteronism: effect of adrenal vein sampling on surgical outcome. Arch Surg, 141(5), 497-502; discussion 502-3.
    50. Nathens AB, Cook CH, Machiedo G, Moore EE, Namias N, Nwariaku F (2006). Defining the research agenda for surgical infection: a consensus of experts using the Delphi approach. Surg Infect (Larchmt), 7(2), 101-10.
    51. Nwariaku FE (2006). Cardiovascular Support and Management in the Intensive Care Unit. Archives of Ibadan Medicine, 7(1), 18-21.
    52. Afolabi AO, Nwariaku FE (2006). Trauma Scoring. Archives of Ibadan Medicine, 7(1), 10-11.
    53. Wu RF, Xu YC, Ma Z, Nwariaku FE, Sarosi GA Jr, Terada LS (2005). Subcellular targeting of oxidants during endothelial cell migration. J Cell Biol, 171(5), 893-904.
    54. Bell C, Asolati M, Hamilton E, Fleming J, Nwariaku F, Sarosi G, Anthony T (2005). A comparison of complications associated with colostomy reversal versus ileostomy reversal. Am J Surg, 190(5), 717-20.
    55. Sarosi GA Jr, Jaiswal KR, Nwariaku FE, Asolati M, Fleming JB, Anthony T (2005). Surgical therapy of peptic ulcers in the 21st century: more common than you think. Am J Surg, 190(5), 775-9.
    56. Panta GR, Du L, Nwariaku FE, Kim LT (2005). Direct phosphorylation of proliferative and survival pathway proteins by RET. Surgery, 138(2), 269-74.
    57. Grant CS, Thompson G, Farley D, Van Heerden J, Prinz R, Ryan J, Nwariaku F (2005). Primary hyperparathyroidism surgical management since the introduction of minimally invasive parathyroidectorny: Mayo clinic experience. Arch Surg, 140(5), 472-479.
    58. Cothren CC, Moore EE, Ray CE, Ciesla DJ, Johnson JL, Moore JB, Burch JM, Gewertz B, Petersen S, Nwariaku F (2005). Carotid artery stents for blunt cerebrovascular injury: Risks exceed benefits. Arch Surg, 140(5), 480-486.
    59. Nwariaku FE, Snyder WH, Burkey SH, Watumull L, Mathews D (2005). Inframanubrial parathyroid glands in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism: alternatives to sternotomy. World J Surg, 29(4), 491-4.
    60. Panta GR, Nwariaku F, Kim LT (2005). RET signals through focal adhesion kinase in medullary thyroid cancer cells. Surgery, 136(6), 1212-7.
    61. Nwariaku FE, Liu Z, Zhu X, Nahari D, Ingle C, Wu RF, Gu Y, Sarosi G, Terada LS (2004). NADPH oxidase mediates vascular endothelial cadherin phosphorylation and endothelial dysfunction. Blood, 104(10), 3214-20.
    62. Miller B, Burkey S, Lindberg G, Snyder WH 3rd, Nwariaku FE (2004). Prevalence of malignancy within cytologically indeterminate thyroid nodules. Am J Surg, 188(5), 459-62.
    63. Anthony T, Penta P, Todd RD, Sarosi GA, Nwariaku F, Rege RV (2004). Rebleeding and survival after acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding. Am J Surg, 188(5), 485-90.
    64. Todd RD, Sarosi GA, Nwariaku F, Anthony T (2004). Incidence and predictors of appendiceal tumors in elderly males presenting with signs and symptoms of acute appendicitis. Am J Surg, 188(5), 500-4.
    65. Jaiswal K, Tello V, Lopez-Guzman C, Nwariaku F, Anthony T, Sarosi GA Jr (2004). Bile salt exposure causes phosphatidyl-inositol-3-kinase-mediated proliferation in a Barrett's adenocarcinoma cell line. Surgery, 136(2), 160-8.
    66. Liu Z, Falola J, Zhu X, Gu Y, Kim LT, Sarosi GA, Anthony T, Nwariaku FE (2004). Antiproliferative effects of Src inhibition on medullary thyroid cancer. J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 89(7), 3503-9.
    67. Anthony T, Penta P, Todd RD, Sarosi GA, Nwariaku F, Rege RV (2004). Rebleeding and survival after acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding. Am J Surg, 188(5), 485-490.
    68. Todd RD, Sarosi GA, Nwariaku F, Anthony T (2004). Incidence and predictors of appendiceal tumors in elderly males presenting with signs and symptoms of acute appendicitis. Am J Surg, 188(5), 500-504.
    69. Nwariaku FE, Rothenbach P, Liu Z, Zhu X, Turnage RH, Terada LS (2003). Rho inhibition decreases TNF-induced endothelial MAPK activation and monolayer permeability. J Appl Physiol (1985), 95(5), 1889-95.
    70. Anthony T, Hynan LS, Rosen D, Kim L, Nwariaku F, Jones C, Sarosi G (2003). The association of pretreatment health-related quality of life with surgical complications for patients undergoing open surgical resection for colorectal cancer. Ann Surg, 238(5), 690-6.
    71. Nwariaku FE, Liu Z, Brekken R, Sarosi GA, Anthony T, Terada LS, Livingston EH (2003). Effects of  Vegfr2 (KDR/Flk-1) inhibition on trans-endothelial migration of thyroid cancer cells. J Surg Res, 114(2), 275.
    72. Wu RF, Gu Y, Xu YC, Nwariaku FE, Terada LS (2003). Vascular endothelial growth factor causes translocation of p47phox to membrane ruffles through WAVE1. J Biol Chem, 278(38), 36830-40.
    73. Anthony T, Long J, Hynan LS, Sarosi GA Jr, Nwariaku F, Huth J, Jones C, Parker BJ, Rege R (2003). Surgical complications exert a lasting effect on disease-specific health-related quality of life for patients with colorectal cancer. Surgery, 134(2), 119-25.
    74. Burkey SH, Snyder WH 3rd, Nwariaku F, Watumull L, Mathews D (2003). Directed parathyroidectomy: feasibility and performance in 100 consecutive patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. Arch Surg, 138(6), 604-8; discussion 608-9.
    75. Kim LT, Fleming JB, Lopez-Guzman C, Nwariaku F (2003). Focal adhesions and associated proteins in medullary thyroid carcinoma cells. J Surg Res, 111(2), 177-84.
    76. Gu Y, Xu YC, Wu RF, Nwariaku FE, Souza RF, Flores SC, Terada LS (2003). p47phox participates in activation of RelA in endothelial cells. J Biol Chem, 278(19), 17210-7.
    77. Zielke A, Middeke M, Hoffmann S, Colombo-Benkmann M, Barth P, Hassan I, Wunderlich A, Hofbauer LC, Duh QY, Hamberger B, Nwariaku F, Frilling A, Carter WB, Mitchell B, Pasieka JL (2002). VEGF-mediated angiogenesis of human pheochromocytomas is associated to malignancy and inhibited by anti-VEGF antibodies in experimental tumors. Am J Surg, 132(6), 1056-1063.
    78. Holloway S, Sarosi G, Kim L, Nwariaku F, OKeefe G, Hynan L, Jones C, Anthony T (2002). Health-related quality of life and postoperative length of stay for patients with colorectal cancer. J Surg Res, 108(2), 273-8.
    79. Xu YC, Wu RF, Gu Y, Yang YS, Yang MC, Nwariaku FE, Terada LS (2002). Involvement of TRAF4 in oxidative activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase. J Biol Chem, 277(31), 28051-7.
    80. Nwariaku FE, Liu Z, Zhu X, Turnage RH, Sarosi GA, Terada LS (2002). Tyrosine phosphorylation of vascular endothelial cadherin and the regulation of microvascular permeability. Surgery, 132(2), 180-5.
    81. Schulman CI, Wright JK, Nwariaku F, Sarosi G, Turnage RH (2002). The effect of tumor necrosis factor-alpha on microvascular permeability in an isolated, perfused lung. Shock, 18(1), 75-81.
    82. Nwariaku FE, Chang J, Zhu X, Liu Z, Duffy SL, Halaihel NH, Terada L, Turnage RH (2002). The role of p38 map kinase in tumor necrosis factor-induced redistribution of vascular endothelial cadherin and increased endothelial permeability. Shock, 18(1), 82-5.
    83. Gu Y, Xu YC, Wu RF, Souza RF, Nwariaku FE, Terada LS (2001). TNFalpha activates c-Jun amino terminal kinase through p47(phox). Exp Cell Res, 272(1), 62-74.
    84. Nwariaku FE, Champine J, Kim LT, Burkey S, Okeefe G, Snyder WH 3rd (2001). Radiologic characterization of adrenal masses: the role of computed tomography--derived attenuation values. Surgery, 130(6), 1068-71.
    85. Hamilton EC, Scott DJ, Kapoor A, Nwariaku F, Bergen PC, Rege RV, Tesfay ST, Jones DB (2002). Improving operative performance using a laparoscopic hernia simulator. Am J Surg, 182(6), 725-8.
    86. Nwariaku FE (2001). Allograft Dysfunction after Renal Transplantation. Archives of Ibadan Medicine, 2(1), 34-35.
    87. Nwariaku FE (2001). Surgical Management of the Renal Transplant Patient. Archives of Ibadan Medicine, 2(1), 32-34.
    88. Wright K, Nwariaku F, Halaihel N, Schulman C, Yin HL, Turnage RH (2000). Burn-activated neutrophils and tumor necrosis factor-alpha alter endothelial cell actin cytoskeleton and enhance monolayer permeability. Surgery, 128(2), 259-65.
    89. Willis B, Kim LT, Anthony T, Bergen PC, Nwariaku F, Turnage RH (2000). A clinical pathway for inguinal hernia repair reduces hospital admissions. J Surg Res, 88(1), 13-7.
    90. Wright JK, Nwariaku FN, Clark J, Falck JC, Rogers T, Turnage RH (1999). Effect of diabetes mellitus on endotoxin-induced lung injury. Arch Surg, 134(12), 1354-8; discussion 1358-9.
    91. Gordon LL, Snyder WH 3rd, Wians F Jr, Nwariaku F, Kim LT (1999). The validity of quick intraoperative parathyroid hormone assay: an evaluation in seventy-two patients based on gross morphologic criteria. Surgery, 126(6), 1030-5.
    92. Nwariaku FE, Euhus DM, Beitsch PD, Clifford E, Erdman W, Mathews D, Albores-Saavedra J, Leitch MA, Peters GN (1999). Sentinel lymph node biopsy, an alternative to elective axillary dissection for breast cancer. Am J Surg, 176(6), 529-31.
    93. Nwariaku FE, McIntyre KL, Sikes PJ, Mileski WJ (1997). The effect of antimicrobial agents on the induction of tumour necrosis factor by alveolar macrophages in vitro in response to endotoxin. J Antimicrob Chemother, 39(2), 265-7.
    94. Nwariaku F, Sikes PJ, Lightfoot E Jr, Mileski WJ (1996). Inhibition of selectin- and integrin-mediated inflammatory response after burn injury. J Surg Res, 63(1), 355-8.
    95. Nwariaku FE, Sikes PJ, Lightfoot E, Mileski WJ, Baxter C (1996). Effect of a bradykinin antagonist on the local inflammatory response following thermal injury. Burns, 22(4), 324-7.
    96. Nwariaku F, Sikes P, Lightfoot E, McIntyre K, Mileski WJ (1996). Role of CD14 in hemorrhagic shock-induced alterations of the monocyte tumor necrosis factor response to endotoxin. J Trauma, 40(4), 564-7.
    97. Nwariaku FE, Terracina A, Mileski WJ, Minei JP, Carrico CJ (1995). Is octreotide beneficial following pancreatic injury? Am J Surg, 170(6), 582-5.
    98. Spann JC, Nwariaku FE, Wait M (1995). Evaluation of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in the diagnosis of diaphragmatic injuries. Am J Surg, 170(6), 628-30; discussion 630-1.
    99. Nwariaku FE, McIntyre KL, Sikes PJ, Mileski WJ (1995). Alterations in alveolar macrophage tumor necrosis factor (TNF) response following hemorrhagic shock. Shock, 4(3), 200-3.
    100. Nwariaku FE, Mileski WJ, Lightfoot E Jr, Sikes PJ, Lipsky PE (1995). Alterations in leukocyte adhesion molecule expression after burn injury. J Trauma, 39(2), 285-8.

    Review

    1. Mehta A, Kim D, Allo N, Odusola AO, Malolan C, Nwariaku FE (2023). Using parallel geocoding to analyse the spatial characteristics of road traffic injury occurrences across Lagos, Nigeria. [Review]. BMJ Glob Health, 8(5).
    2. Mehta A, Kim D, Allo N, Odusola AO, Malolan C, Nwariaku FE (2023). Using parallel geocoding to analyse the spatial characteristics of road traffic injury occurrences across Lagos, Nigeria. [Review]. BMJ Glob Health, 8(5).
    3. Onyemaechi NO, Menson WNA, Goodman X, Slinkard S, Onwujekwe OE, Enweani UN, Nwankwo OE, Nwomeh BC, Nwariaku FE, Ezeanolue EE (2021). Complications of traditional bonesetting in contemporary fracture care in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review. [Review]. Trop Med Int Health, 26(11), 1367-1377.
    4. Jayaram A, Pawlak N, Kahanu A, Fallah P, Chung H, Valencia-Rojas N, Rodas EB Jr, Abbaslou A, Alseidi A, Ameh EA, Bekele A, Casey K, Chu K, Dempsey R, Dodgion C, Jawa R, Jimenez MF, Johnson W, Krishnaswami S, Kwakye G, Lane R, Lakhoo K, Long K, Madani K, Nwariaku F, Nwomeh B, Price R, Roser S, Rees AB, Roy N, Ruzgar NM, Sacoto H, Sifri Z, Starr N, Swaroop M, Tarpley M, Tarpley J, Terfera G, Weiser T, Lipnick M, Nabukenya M, Ozgediz D, Jayaraman S (2021). Academic Global Surgery Curricula: Current Status and a Call for a More Equitable Approach. [Review]. J Surg Res, 267, 732-744.
    5. Nwariaku F (2021). Semper Prorsus: Anti-racism and American Surgery. [Review]. Ann Surg, 273(5), e162-e163.
    6. Auchus RJ, Wians FH Jr, Anderson ME, Dolmatch BL, Trimmer CK, Josephs SC, Chan D, Toomay S, Nwariaku FE (2010). What we still do not know about adrenal vein sampling for primary aldosteronism. [Review]. Horm Metab Res, 42(6), 411-5.
    7. Auchus RJ, Nwariaku FE (2007). Primary aldosteronism. [Review]. Curr Cardiol Rep, 9(6), 447-52.
    8. Mitchell IC, Nwariaku FE (2007). Adrenal masses in the cancer patient: surveillance or excision. [Review]. Oncologist, 12(2), 168-74.
    9. Nwariaku F (2003). Current approach to the adrenal incidentaloma. [Review]. Am J Surg, 20(3), 81-91.
    10. Turnage RH, Nwariaku F, Murphy J, Schulman C, Wright K, Yin H (2002). Mechanisms of pulmonary microvascular dysfunction during severe burn injury. [Review]. World J Surg, 26(7), 848-53.

    Edited Book

    1. Nwariaku FE, Thal E (Eds.) (1999). Parkland Trauma Handbook. (2nd Edition). St. Louis: Mosby.

    Book Chapter

    1. Yan S, Holt S, Khan S, Nwariaku F (2017). High-risk and poorly differentiated thyroid cancer. In Yan S|Holt S|Khan S|Nwariaku F (Ed.), Management of Differentiated Thyroid Cancer (pp. 115-123).
    2. Nwariaku F (2012). Setting up a "lab"(clinical or basic science research program) and managing a research team. In Nwariaku F (Ed.), Success in Academic Surgery: Part 1 (pp. 201-215).
    3. Nwariaku FE (2012). Chapter 13: Setting Up a “Lab” (Clinical or Basic Science Research Program) and Managing a Research Team. In Chen H, Kao LS (Eds.), Success in Academic Surgery (pp. 201-215). Springer.
    4. Rabaglia J, Holt S, Nwariaku F (2011). Clinical management of nonfunctional neuroendocrine tumors and management of metastatic disease. In Rabaglia J|Holt S|Nwariaku F (Ed.), Success in Academic Surgery: Part 1 (pp. 443-454).
    5. Nwariaku F (2009). Ophthalmic injuries. In Nwariaku F (Ed.), Surgery (pp. 148-156).
    6. Nwariaku FE (2009). Section V, Chapter 42: Adrenal Surgery. In Evans SRT (Ed.), Surgery Pitfalls: Prevention and Management (1st Edition, pp. 421-432). Saunders.
    7. Islam A, Snyder WH, Nwariaku F (2008). Adrenal Surgery. In Islam A|Snyder WH|Nwariaku F (Ed.), Surgery (pp. 421-432).
    8. Nwariaku FE (2007). Chapter 49: Calcium and Phosphorus Metabolism and the Parathyroid Gland. In Modern Surgical Care: Physiologic Foundations and Clinical Applications (3rd Edition, p. 927). CRC Press.
    9. Nwariaku FE (2003). Current Approach to the Adrenal Incidentaloma. In Soper NJ (Ed.), Problems in General Surgery (20, pp. 81-91). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
    10. Nwariaku FE (1999). Cardiovascular Support and Management in the Intensive Care Unit. In Nwariaku FE (Ed.), Parkland Trauma Handbook (pp. 469-476). St. Louis: Mosby.
    11. Nwariaku FE (1999). Diaphragmatic Injuries. In Nwariaku FE (Ed.), Parkland Trauma Handbook (pp. 181-182). St. Louis: Mosby.
    12. Nwariaku FE (1999). Neck Injuries. In Nwariaku FE (Ed.), Parkland Trauma Handbook (pp. 155-163). St. Louis: Mosby.
    13. Nwariaku FE (1999). Catheters and Tubes. In Nwariaku FE (Ed.), Parkland Trauma Handbook (pp. 69-89). St. Louis: Mosby.
    14. Conrad M, Nwariaku FE (1999). Trauma Scoring. In Nwariaku FE (Ed.), Parkland Trauma Handbook (pp. 15-20). St. Louis: Mosby.
    15. Conrad M, Nwariaku FE (1999). Advanced Trauma Life Support. In Nwariaku FE (Ed.), Parkland Trauma Handbook (pp. 11-13). St. Louis: Mosby.
    16. Thal ERNwariaku FE (1996). Neck Injuries. In Maull KI, Rodriguez A, Wiles CE (Eds.), Complications in Trauma and Critical Care (pp. 270-276). Philadelphia: Saunders.

    Conference Proceedings

    1. Salam S, Islam MS, Ahmed F, Khan L, Kim D, Allo N, Nwariaku O (2021). Exploring the roles of social media data to identify the locations and severity of road traffic accidents. In Salam S|Islam MS|Ahmed F|Khan L|Kim D|Allo N|Nwariaku O (Ed.), Proceedings - 2021 IEEE 4th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Knowledge Engineering, AIKE 2021, 62-71.
    2. Nattama S, Rahimi M, Wadajkar AS, Koppolu B, Hua J, Nwariaku F, Nguyen KT (2007). Characterization of polymer coated magnetic nanoparticles for targeted treatment of cancer. In Nattama S|Rahimi M|Wadajkar AS|Koppolu B|Hua J|Nwariaku F|Nguyen KT (Ed.), Surgery, 35-38.
    3. Sippel RS, Carpenter JE, Kunnimalaiyaan M, Chen H, Nwariaku F, Carling T, Olson JE, Zeiger MA (2003). The role of human achaete-scute homolog-1 in medullary thyroid cancer cells. In Sippel RS|Carpenter JE|Kunnimalaiyaan M|Chen H|Nwariaku F|Carling T|Olson JE|Zeiger MA (Ed.), Am J Surg, 134(6), 866-871.

    Commentary

    1. Terada LS, Nwariaku FE (2011). Escaping Anoikis through ROS: ANGPTL4 controls integrin signaling through Nox1. Cancer Cell, 19(3), 297-9.
    2. Nwariaku FE (2004). Three new tools for parathyroid surgery: expensive and unnecessary? J Am Coll Surg, 199(3), 518-9; author reply 519.

    Case Report

    1. Isaacson B, Bullova P, Frone M, Click A, Hamplova B, Rabaglia J, Woodruff S, Nwariaku F, Kathuria A, Pacak K, Ghayee HK (2015). AN AGGRESSIVE TEMPORAL BONE SDHC PARAGANGLIOMA ASSOCIATED WITH INCREASED HIF-2α SIGNALING. Endocr Pract, 22(2), 190-5.
    2. Ghayee HK, Rege J, Watumull LM, Nwariaku FE, Carrick KS, Rainey WE, Miller WL, Auchus RJ (2010). Clinical, biochemical, and molecular characterization of macronodular adrenocortical hyperplasia of the zona reticularis: a new syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 96(2), E243-50.
    3. Ghayee HK, Wyne KL, Yau FS, Snyder WH 3rd, Holt S, Gokaslan ST, Nwariaku F (2008). The many faces of pheochromocytoma. J Endocrinol Invest, 31(5), 450-8.
    4. Meyer P, Nwariaku O, McClelland RN, Gibbons D, Leach F, Sagalowsky AI, Simmang C, Jeyarajah DR (2000). Rare presentation of actinomycosis as an abdominal mass: report of a case. Dis Colon Rectum, 43(6), 872-5.

    Editorial

    1. Sidani M, Islam A, Nwariaku F (2022). Beyond the standard preoperative evaluation: The impact of functional dependency on complications after thyroidectomy. Am J Surg, 224(4), 1032-1033.
    2. Mehta A, Morris-Wiseman LF, Romero Arenas MA, Nwariaku F (2021). Beyond recognition: Practical steps to inclusion in academic surgery. Am J Surg, 222(4), 702-703.
    3. Gillis A, Nwariaku F (2021). Intraoperative parathyroid hormone measurement facilitates outpatient thyroidectomy in children: Invited Commentary. Am J Surg, 221(4), 681-682.
    4. Oltmann SC, Nwariaku FE (2018). Are PROMs ideally suited for most common endocrine surgical patients and procedures? Surgery, 165(1), 240-241.
    5. Pozo K, Nwariaku FE, Bibb JA (2013). Breaking Bad: how does a neuronal protein cause neuroendocrine cancer? Oncotarget, 5(1), 5-6.

    Other

    1. Nwariaku FE (2002). Issue Editor: Parathyroid Disease. Selected Readings in General Surgery (29(4)). American College of Surgeons.
    2. Nwariaku FE (1999). Issue Editor: Adrenal Gland Issue. (26(8)). American College of Surgeons.