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William T. Couldwell
( out of 97 reviews )

William T. Couldwell, MD, PhD, FACS

Languages spoken: English, French

Clinical Locations

Clinical Neurosciences Center

Salt Lake City
801-585-7575
  • Dr. Couldwell specializes in Neurosurgery, Brain Tumors, Brain Aneurysms, Skull Base Surgery, Stroke, Traumatic Brain Injury, Head Trauma and Neuro Critical Care.

    William T. Couldwell, MD, PhD serves as Professor and Chair of the Department of Neurosurgery at the University of Utah. He has served as Director of the American Board of Neurological Surgery. He was President of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS), American Academy of Neurological Surgery (AAcNS), and the World Academy of Neurological Surgery (WANS). Dr. Couldwell has over 550 peer-reviewed publications and has been the recipient of several federal and other research grants. Dr. Couldwell is recognized internationally for his expertise in skull base surgery and is regularly solicited as a speaker and to instruct courses in skull base surgery. His clinical interests include surgical management of skull base tumors, neuro-oncology, pituitary tumors, and cerebrovascular neurosurgery.

    Board Certification

    American Board of Neurological Surgery (Neurosurg)
    Licentiate of the Medical Council of Canada
    National Board of Medical Examiners

    Patient Rating

    4.9 /5
    ( out of 97 reviews )

    The patient rating score is an average of all responses on our patient experience survey. The rating averages scores for all questions about care from our providers.

    The scale on which responses are measured is 1 to 5 with 5 being the best score.

    Patient Comments

    Patient comments are gathered from our patient experience survey and displayed in their entirety.
    Patients are de-identified for confidentiality and patient privacy.

    April 07, 2024
    CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCES CENTER

    Dr. Couldwell was so patient, caring, and listening. I had a lot of unanswered questions leading up to a surgery consult. By the end of the appointment, I left assured in be in great care and felt calmer than the weeks and months proceeding that.

    March 24, 2024
    CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCES CENTER

    He listened to my questions and answered them in a way that I could easily understand them.

    March 24, 2024
    CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCES CENTER

    Very knowledgeable and experienced.

    March 21, 2024
    CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCES CENTER

    You and your staff did everything right.... A map as to where to park would have made it easier

    March 20, 2024
    CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCES CENTER

    I look forward to him taking care of my medical needs.

    March 18, 2024
    CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCES CENTER

    Wonderful doctor, left there with knowledge of my condition and the best way to treat it. I would recommend him and his staff to anyone.

    March 12, 2024
    CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCES CENTER

    Dr Couldwell is very kind, patient with my questions and very informative. He put me at ease about my upcoming operation.

    February 01, 2024
    CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCES CENTER

    Great exam room manor! explained the procedure answered my questions and was willing to spend extra time to make sure that I knew what was going on/

    January 08, 2024
    CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCES CENTER

    explained things to me well and listened t my concerns

  • Dr. Couldwell specializes in Neurosurgery, Brain Tumors, Brain Aneurysms, Skull Base Surgery, Stroke, Traumatic Brain Injury, Head Trauma and Neuro Critical Care.

    William T. Couldwell, MD, PhD serves as Professor and Chair of the Department of Neurosurgery at the University of Utah. He has served as Director of the American Board of Neurological Surgery. He was President of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS), American Academy of Neurological Surgery (AAcNS), and the World Academy of Neurological Surgery (WANS). Dr. Couldwell has over 550 peer-reviewed publications and has been the recipient of several federal and other research grants. Dr. Couldwell is recognized internationally for his expertise in skull base surgery and is regularly solicited as a speaker and to instruct courses in skull base surgery. His clinical interests include surgical management of skull base tumors, neuro-oncology, pituitary tumors, and cerebrovascular neurosurgery.

    Board Certification and Academic Information

    Academic Departments Neurosurgery -Primary
    Otolaryngology -Adjunct
    Board Certification
    American Board of Neurological Surgery (Neurosurg)
    Licentiate of the Medical Council of Canada
    National Board of Medical Examiners

    Education history

    Research Fellow Neurosurgery - CHUV Research Fellow
    Neuroimmunology/Molecular Biology - McGill University Ph.D.
    Research Fellow Neurology - McGill University Research Fellow
    Neurosurgery - University of Southern California Resident
    Internship General Surgery - University of Southern California Intern
    Medicine - McGill University M.D.
    Undergraduate Combined Honors: Physical Chemistry and Biology - Dalhousie University B.Sc.

    Selected Publications

    Journal Article

    1. Findlay MC, Bounajem MT, Kim RB, Henson JC, Azab MA, Cutler CB, Khan M, Brandon C, Budohoski KP, Rennert RC, Couldwell WT (2024). Subtemporal Approach for the Treatment of Ruptured and Unruptured Distal Basilar Artery Aneurysms: Is There a Contemporary Use? Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). (Read full article)
    2. Findlay MC, Bounajem MT, Mortimer V, Budohoski KP, Rennert RC, Couldwell WT (2024). Preservation of cranial nerve function in large and giant trigeminal schwannoma resection: a case series. Acta Neurochir (Wien), 166(1), 198. (Read full article)
    3. Little AS, Karsy M, Evans JJ, Kim W, Pacione DR, Kim AH, Gardner PA, Hendricks BK, Sarris CE, Torok IE, Low TM, Crocker TA, Valappil B, Kanga M, Abdallah H, Collopy S, Fernandez-Miranda JC, Vigo V, Ljubimov VA, Zada G, Garrett NE 3rd, Delery W, Yuen KCJ, Rennert RC, Couldwell WT, Silverstein JM, Kshettry VR, Chicoine MR, RAPID Consortium (2024). Multicenter Registry of Adenomas of the Pituitary and Related Disorders: Initial Description of Cushing Disease Cohort, Surgical Outcomes, and Surgeon Characteristics. Neurosurgery. (Read full article)
    4. Nassiri F, Liang A, Agnoletto GJ, Couldwell WT (2024). Transmaxillary approach for resection of maxillary division trigeminal schwannoma at foramen rotundum. Acta Neurochir (Wien), 166(1), 107. (Read full article)
    5. Findlay MC, Sabahi M, Azab M, Drexler R, Rotermund R, Ricklefs FL, Flitsch J, Smith TR, Kilgallon JL, Honegger J, Nasi-Kordhishti I, Gardner PA, Gersey ZC, Abdallah HM, Jane JA, Knappe UJ, Uksul N, Schroder HWS, Erdgh M, Losa M, Mortini P, Gerlach R, Antunes ACM, Couldwell WT, Budohoski KP, Rennert RC, Karsy M (2023). The role of surgical management for prolactin-secreting tumors in the era of dopaminergic agonists: An international multicenter report. Clin Neurol Neurosurg, 236, 108079. (Read full article)
    6. Varela S, Thommen R, Rumalla K, Faraz Kazim S, Couldwell WT, Schmidt MH, Bowers CA (2023). The risk analysis index demonstrates superior discriminative ability in predicting extended length of stay in pituitary adenoma resection patients when compared to the 5-point modified frailty index. World Neurosurg X, 21, 100259. (Read full article)
    7. Rawanduzy CA, Grandhi R, Rennert RC, Couldwell WT (2023). In-out-in technique for petrosal sinus dural arteriovenous fistula obliteration: How I Do It. Acta Neurochir (Wien), 165, 3793-3798. (Read full article)
    8. Budohoski KP, Tajsic T, Bal J, Levrini V, Ling Cao JJ, Guilfoyle MR, Couldwell WT, Helmy AE, Kirollos RW, Kirkpatrick PJ, Trivedi RA (2023). Results of surgical treatment of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage in a single institution over 12 years. World Neurosurg. (Read full article)
    9. Findlay MC, Drexler R, Azab M, Karbe A, Rotermund R, Ricklefs FL, Flitsch J, Smith TR, Kilgallon JL, Honegger J, Nasi-Kordhishti I, Gardner PA, Gersey ZC, Abdallah HM, Jane JA Jr, Marino AC, Knappe UJ, Uksul N, Rzaev JA, Bervitskiy AV, Schroeder HWS, Erdgh M, Losa M, Mortini P, Gerlach R, Antunes ACM, Couldwell WT, Budohoski KP, Rennert RC, Karsy M (2023). Crooke Cell Adenoma Confers Poorer Endocrinological Outcomes Compared with Corticotroph Adenoma: Results of a Multicenter, International Analysis. World Neurosurg. (Read full article)
    10. Albalkhi I, Shafqat A, Bin-Alamer O, Mallela AN, Kuminkoski C, Labib MA, Lang MJ, Lawton MT, Morcos JJ, Couldwell WT, Abou-Al-Shaar H (2023). Long-term functional outcomes and complications of microsurgical resection of brainstem cavernous malformations: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Neurosurg Rev, 46(1), 252. (Read full article)
    11. Drexler R, Rotermund R, Smith TR, Kilgallon JL, Honegger J, Nasi-Kordhishti I, Gardner PA, Gersey ZC, Abdallah HM, Jane JA, Marino AC, Knappe UJ, Uksul N, Rzaev JA, Galushko EV, Gormolysova EV, Bervitskiy AV, Schroeder HWS, Erdgh M, Losa M, Mortini P, Gerlach R, Azab M, Budohoski KP, Rennert RC, Karsy M, Couldwell WT, Antunes ACM, Westphal M, Ricklefs FL, Flitsch J (2023). Defining benchmark outcomes for transsphenoidal surgery of pituitary adenomas: a multicenter analysis. Eur J Endocrinol, 189(3), 379-386. (Read full article)
    12. Rennert RC, Budohoski KP, Mortimer VR, Couldwell WT (2023). Multiple approaches to a spheno-orbital and deep face meningioma: how I do it. Acta Neurochir (Wien), 165(10), 2937-2942. (Read full article)
    13. Rennert RC, Budohoski KP, Mortimer VR, Couldwell WT (2023). Combined retrosigmoid and middle fossa approach for a small, superiorly located petroclival meningioma: how I do it. Acta Neurochir (Wien), 165(10), 2931-2935. (Read full article)
    14. Rennert RC, Budohoski KP, Mortimer VR, Couldwell WT (2023). Combined and staged retrosigmoid, extended middle fossa, and endoscopic transnasal approach to a petroclival chondrosarcoma: how I do it. Acta Neurochir (Wien), 165, 3455-3459. (Read full article)
    15. Budohoski KP, Rennert RC, Gordon SA, Raheja A, Brandon C, Henson JC, Azab MA, Patel NS, Karsy M, Gurgel RK, Shelton C, Couldwell WT (2022). Factors associated with hearing outcomes after a middle fossa approach in 131 consecutive patients with vestibular schwannomas. J Neurosurg, 139(2), 432-441. (Read full article)
    16. Varela S, Puentes H, Kazim SF, Mckee RG, Couldwell WT, Schmidt MH, Bowers CA (2023). Pre-operative laboratory lab values are predictive of adverse post-operative outcomes in patients > 65 years of age undergoing brain tumor resection: A NSQIP study. World Neurosurg, 176, e49-e59. (Read full article)
    17. Salah WK, Rennert RC, Mortimer V, Couldwell WT (2023). Closure of small skull base defects with muscle plug napkin ring technique: how I do it. Acta Neurochir (Wien), 165(8), 2321-2325. (Read full article)
    18. Deora H, Kraus KL, Couldwell WT, Garg K (2023). Self-citation rates among neurosurgery journals and authors: unethical or misunderstood? World Neurosurg, 178, e307-e314. (Read full article)
    19. Magill ST, Schwartz TH, Couldwell WT, Gardner PA, Heilman CB, Sen C, Akagami R, Cappabianca P, Prevedello DM, McDermott MW, International Tuberculum Sellae Meningioma Study (2023). International Tuberculum Sellae Meningioma Study: Preoperative Grading Scale to Predict Outcomes and Propensity-Matched Outcomes by Endonasal Versus Transcranial Approach. Neurosurgery, 93(6), 1271-1284. (Read full article)
    20. Magill ST, Schwartz TH, Couldwell WT, Gardner PA, Heilman CB, Sen C, Akagami R, Cappabianca P, Prevedello DM, McDermott MW, International Tuberculum Sellae Meningioma Study Authors (2023). International Tuberculum Sellae Meningioma Study: Surgical Outcomes and Management Trends. Neurosurgery, 93(6), 1259-1270. (Read full article)
    21. Rawanduzy CA, Winkler-Schwartz A, Budohoski KP, Couldwell WT (2023). Occipital artery-to-PICA bypass: how I do it. Acta Neurochir (Wien), 165, 3737-3741. (Read full article)
    22. Bounajem MT, Joyce E, Scoville JP, Seinfeld J, Hoffman J, Grossberg JA, Waiters V, White AC, Nerva J, Burkhardt JK, Tonetti DA, El Naamani K, Gooch MR, Jabbour P, Tjoumakaris S, Ortega Gutierrez S, Levitt MR, Lang M, Ares WJ, Desai S, Mascitelli JR, Kilburg CJ, Budohoski KP, Couldwell WT, Gross BA, Grandhi R (2023). Safety and efficacy of the Pipeline Flex embolization device with Shield Technology for the acute treatment of ruptured internal carotid artery pseudoaneurysms: a multi-institution case series. Neurosurg Focus, 54(5), E4. (Read full article)
    23. Bin-Alamer O, Qedair J, Palmisciano P, Mallela AN, Nayar GM, Lu VM, Labib MA, Lang MJ, Gross BA, Langer DJ, Couldwell WT, Friedlander RM, Abou-Al-Shaar H (2022). Dolichoectatic vertebrobasilar aneurysms: a systematic review and meta-analysis of management strategies and outcomes. Neurosurg Focus, 54(5), E9. (Read full article)
    24. Couldwell WT, McCutcheon IE (2023). In memoriam: Jules Hardy, 1932-2022. J Neurosurg, 139(4), 1197-1199. (Read full article)
    25. Findlay MC, Drexler R, Khan M, Cole KL, Karbe A, Rotermund R, Ricklefs FL, Flitsch J, Smith TR, Kilgallon JL, Honegger J, Nasi-Kordhishti I, Gardner PA, Gersey ZC, Abdallah HM, Jane JA Jr, Marino AC, Knappe UJ, Uksul N, Rzaev JA, Galushko EV, Gormolysova EV, Bervitskiy AV, Schroeder HWS, Erdgh M, Losa M, Mortini P, Gerlach R, Antunes ACM, Couldwell WT, Budohoski KP, Rennert RC, Azab M, Karsy M (2023). A Multicenter, Propensity Score-Matched Assessment of Endoscopic Versus Microscopic Approaches in the Management of Pituitary Adenomas. Neurosurgery, 93(4), 794-801. (Read full article)
    26. Rennert RC, Brandel MG, Budohoski KP, Twitchell S, Fredrickson VL, Grandhi R, Couldwell WT (2023). Influence of Patient and Technical Variables on Combined Direct and Indirect Cerebral Revascularization: Case Series. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown), 24(6), 610-618. (Read full article)
    27. Varela S, Thommen R, Kazim SF, Dicpinigaitis AJ, McKee RG, Schmidt MH, Couldwell WT, Bowers CA (2023). Clinically predictive baseline labs for post-operative outcomes of brain tumors using NSQIP database. Eur J Surg Oncol. (Read full article)
    28. Bounajem MT, Rennert RC, Budohoski KP, Azab M, Karsy M, Couldwell WT (2023). Modified Lateral Orbitotomy Approach to Lesions of the Orbital Apex, Superior Orbital Fissure, Cavernous Sinus, and Middle Cranial Fossa. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown), 24(5), 514-523. (Read full article)
    29. Gamboa NT, Wilkerson C, Kundu B, Sherrod BA, Dailey AT, Couldwell WT (2023). Natural history of pituitary carcinoma with metastasis to the cervical spine: illustrative case. J Neurosurg Case Lessons, 5(3), CASE22363. (Read full article)
    30. Salem MM, Srinivasan VM, Tonetti DA, Ravindran K, Taussky P, Yang K, Karahalios K, Raygor KP, Naylor RM, Catapano JS, Tavakoli-Sabour S, Abdelsalam A, Chen SH, Grandhi R, Jankowitz BT, Baskaya MK, Mascitelli JR, Van Gompel JJ, Cherian J, Couldwell WT, Kim LJ, Cohen-Gadol AA, Starke RM, Kan P, Dehdashti AR, Abla AA, Lawton MT, Burkhardt JK (2022). Microsurgical Obliteration of Craniocervical Junction Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas: Multicenter Experience. Neurosurgery, 92(1), 205-212. (Read full article)
    31. Rawanduzy C, Rennert RC, Grandhi R, Couldwell WT (2022). Far lateral craniotomy for disconnection of vertebral dural arteriovenous fistula: how I do it. Acta Neurochir (Wien), 165, 989-992. (Read full article)
    32. Gurgel RK, Couldwell WT, Patel NS, Cannon-Albright LA (2022). Is There an Inherited Contribution to Risk for Sporadic Unilateral Vestibular Schwannoma? Evidence of Familial Clustering. Otol Neurotol, 43(10), e1157-e1163. (Read full article)
    33. Gamboa NT, Makarenko S, Couldwell WT (2022). Supraclinoid Internal Carotid Artery Dolichoectasia Causing Compression of the Prechiasmatic Optic Nerve. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown), 24(3), e218-e222. (Read full article)
    34. Colasacco CJ, Abouezzi J, Arbuiso S, Asserson DB, Kazim SF, Cole KL, Dicpinigaitis AJ, Dominguez J, McKEE RG, Schmidt MH, Couldwell WT, Bowers CA (2022). Association of baseline frailty and age with postoperative outcomes in metastatic brain tumor patients. J Neurosurg Sci. (Read full article)
    35. Bin-Alamer O, Mallela AN, Palmisciano P, Gersey ZC, Elarjani T, Labib MA, Zenonos GA, Dehdashti AR, Sheehan JP, Couldwell WT, Lunsford LD, Abou-Al-Shaar H (2022). Adjuvant stereotactic radiosurgery with or without postoperative fractionated radiation therapy in adults with skull base chordomas: a systematic review. Neurosurg Focus, 53(5), E5. (Read full article)
    36. Rennert RC, Budohoski KP, Grandhi R, Couldwell WT (2022). Combined direct and indirect superficial temporal artery-to-middle cerebral artery bypass with a hinged bone flap: how I do it. Acta Neurochir (Wien), 164(12), 3203-3208. (Read full article)
    37. Taussky P, Couldwell WT (2022). Neurosurgeons as complete stroke doctors: the time is now. J Neurosurg, 138(4), 1163-1164. (Read full article)
    38. Budohoski KP, Rennert RC, Mortimer V, Couldwell WT, Grandhi R (2022). Treatment of a ruptured blister aneurysm of the left internal carotid artery with telescoping Pipeline Flex embolization devices with Shield Technology. Neurosurg Focus Video, 7(2), V6. (Read full article)
    39. Budohoski KP, Thakrar R, Voronovich Z, Rennert RC, Kilburg C, Grandhi R, Couldwell WT, Brockmeyer DL, Taussky P (2022). Initial experience with Pipeline embolization of intracranial pseudoaneurysms in pediatric patients. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 1-9. (Read full article)
    40. Sherrod BA, Wilkerson CG, Rolston JD, Bisson EF, Mazur MD, Couldwell WT, Dailey AT (2022). Neurosurgery at Pearl Harbor: Ralph Cloward's legacy. Neurosurg Focus, 53(3), E14. (Read full article)
    41. Karsy M, Hunsaker JC, Hamrick F, Sanford MN, Breviu A, Couldwell WT, Horton D (2022). A Retrospective Cohort Study Evaluating the Use of the Modified Early Warning Score to Improve Outcome Prediction in Neurosurgical Patients. Cureus, 14(8), e28558. (Read full article)
    42. Gologorsky R, Harake E, von Oiste G, Nasir-Moin M, Couldwell W, Oermann E, Hollon T (2022). Generating novel pituitary datasets from open-source imaging data and deep volumetric segmentation. Pituitary, 25, 842-853. (Read full article)
    43. Crabb BT, Hamrick F, Campbell JM, Vignolles-Jeong J, Magill ST, Prevedello DM, Carrau RL, Otto BA, Hardesty DA, Couldwell WT, Karsy M (2022). Machine Learning-Based Analysis and Prediction of Unplanned 30-Day Readmissions After Pituitary Adenoma Resection: A Multi-Institutional Retrospective Study With External Validation. Neurosurgery, 91, 263-271. (Read full article)
    44. Rennert RC, Brandel MG, Steinberg JA, Nation J, Couldwell WT, Fukushima T, Day JD, Khalessi AA, Levy ML (2022). Maturation of the sella turcica and parasellar region: Surgical relevance for anterior skull base approaches in pediatric patients. Clin Neurol Neurosurg, 215, 107168. (Read full article)
    45. Rennert RC, Budohoski KP, Gurgel RK, Couldwell WT (2022). Extended middle fossa approach for resection of a petroclival meningioma and vestibular schwannoma. Neurosurg Focus Video, 6(2), V5. (Read full article)
    46. Gill AS, Sumsion J, Alt JA, Karsy M, Couldwell WT, Menacho ST (2022). Intraoperative Alcoholization of the Pituitary Gland Does Not Reduce the Recurrence Rate of Growth Hormone Secreting Pituitary Adenomas. J Neurol Surg B Skull Base, 84(2), 164-169. (Read full article)
    47. Rennert RC, Brandel MG, Steinberg JA, Friedman RA, Couldwell WT, Fukushima T, Day JD, Khalessi AA, Levy ML (2022). Maturation of the internal auditory canal and posterior petrous bone with relevance to lateral and posterolateral skull base approaches. Sci Rep, 12(1), 3489. (Read full article)
    48. Agnoletto GJ, Couldwell S, Halpern LR, Adams DR, Couldwell WT (2021). Surgical Reduction of Chronic Bilateral Traumatic Dislocation of the Mandibular Condyles With Erosion of the Middle Fossa Floor: Case Report With Surgical Video. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown), 22(3), 144-149. (Read full article)
    49. Cole KL, Kazim SF, Thommen R, Alvarez-Crespo DJ, Vellek J, Conlon M, Tarawneh OH, Dicpinigaitis AJ, Dominguez JF, McKee RG, Schmidt MH, Couldwell WT, Cole CD, Bowers CA (2022). Association of baseline frailty status and age with outcomes in patients undergoing intracranial meningioma surgery: Results of a nationwide analysis of 5818 patients from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) 2015-2019. Eur J Surg Oncol, 48, 1671-1677. (Read full article)
    50. Thommen R, Kazim SF, Cole KL, Olson GT, Shama L, Lovato CM, Gonzales KM, Dicpinigaitis AJ, Couldwell WT, Mckee RN, Cole CD, Schmidt MH, Bowers CA (2022). Worse Pituitary Adenoma Surgical Outcomes Predicted by Increasing Frailty, Not Age. World Neurosurg, 161, e347-e354. (Read full article)
    51. Kazim SF, Dicpinigaitis AJ, Bowers CA, Shah S, Couldwell WT, Thommen R, Alvarez-Crespo DJ, Conlon M, Tarawneh OH, Vellek J, Cole KL, Dominguez JF, Mckee RN, Ricks CB, Shin PC, Cole CD, Schmidt MH (2022). Frailty Status Is a More Robust Predictor Than Age of Spinal Tumor Surgery Outcomes: A NSQIP Analysis of 4,662 Patients. Neurospine, 19, 53-62. (Read full article)
    52. Fredrickson VL, Agnoletto GJ, Hollon TC, Kundu B, Mortimer VR, Couldwell WT (2021). Cranio-Orbital Approach for Single-Stage En Bloc Resection of Optic Nerve Glioma: Technical Note. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown), 22(2), e95-e99. (Read full article)
    53. Henson JC, Rennert RC, Budohoski KP, Couldwell WT (2022). Unstable ventricular tachycardia requiring defibrillation from rapid ventricular pacing during basilar apex aneurysm clipping. Acta Neurochir (Wien), 164(2), 537-541. (Read full article)
    54. Makarenko S, Alzahrani I, Karsy M, Deopujari C, Couldwell WT (2022). Outcomes and surgical nuances in management of giant pituitary adenomas: a review of 108 cases in the endoscopic era. J Neurosurg, 137(3), 635-646. (Read full article)
    55. Chalif EJ, Couldwell WT, Aghi MK (2022). Effect of facility volume on giant pituitary adenoma neurosurgical outcomes. J Neurosurg, 137(3), 658-667. (Read full article)
    56. Dicpinigaitis AJ, Al-Mufti F, Cooper JB, Faraz Kazim S, Couldwell WT, Schmidt MH, Gandhi CD, Cole CD, Bowers CA (2021). Nationwide trends in middle meningeal artery embolization for treatment of chronic subdural hematoma: A population-based analysis of utilization and short-term outcomes. J Clin Neurosci, 94, 70-75. (Read full article)
    57. Fredrickson VL, Makarenko S, Hollon TC, Rennert RC, Grandhi R, Couldwell WT (2022). Microsurgical Excision of Ruptured Lenticulostriate Artery Aneurysm. World Neurosurg, 158, 181. (Read full article)
    58. Kim RB, Fredrickson VL, Couldwell WT (2021). Visual Outcomes in Spheno-Orbital Meningioma: A 10-Year Experience. World Neurosurg, 158, e726-e734. (Read full article)
    59. Agnoletto GJ, Fredrickson VL, Hollon TC, Couldwell WT (2022). Far Lateral Craniotomy for Obliteration of High-Risk Craniocervical Junction Arteriovenous Fistula. Neurol India, 69(6), 1554-1556. (Read full article)
    60. Varela S, Kazim SF, Schmidt MH, Chaurasia B, Dicpinigaitis AJ, Ogulnick JV, Cole KL, Conlon M, Tarawneh O, Thommen R, Cole CD, Jean WC, Couldwell WT, Litvack ZN, Al-Mufti F, Bowers CA (2021). Neurosurgery virtual education in the COVID-19 pandemic era: results of a global survey. J Neurosurg Sci, 66, 274-277. (Read full article)
    61. Gamblin A, Fredrickson VL, Hollon TC, Salzman KL, Couldwell WT (2021). Idiopathic chronic temporal lobe herniation with associated epilepsy. Acta Neurochir (Wien), 163(10), 2805-2808. (Read full article)
    62. Dicpinigaitis AJ, Kazim SF, Schmidt MH, Couldwell WT, Theriault BC, Gandhi CD, Hanft S, Al-Mufti F, Bowers CA (2021). Association of baseline frailty status and age with postoperative morbidity and mortality following intracranial meningioma resection. J Neurooncol, 155(1), 45-52. (Read full article)
    63. Nguyen S, Kim RB, Cox P, Gamboa NT, Karsy M, Couldwell WT, Menacho ST (2021). Impact of modified Frailty Index-11 (mFI-11) on postoperative complications in patients undergoing transsphenoidal resection of pituitary tumors: Analysis of 2006-2014 ACS-NSQIP database. J Clin Neurosci, 92, 22-26. (Read full article)
    64. Dammann P, Abla AA, Al-Shahi Salman R, Andrade-Barazarte H, Benes V, Cenzato M, Connolly ES, Cornelius JF, Couldwell WT, Sola RG, Gomez-Paz S, Hauck E, Hernesniemi J, Kivelev J, Lanzino G, Macdonald RL, Morcos JJ, Ogilvy CS, Steiger HJ, Steinberg GK, Santos AN, Rauschenbach L, Darkwah Oppong M, Schmidt B, Spetzler RF, Schaller K, Lawton MT, Sure U (2021). Surgical treatment of brainstem cavernous malformations: an international Delphi consensus. J Neurosurg, 1-11. (Read full article)
    65. Al-Mufti F, Gandhi CD, Couldwell WT, Rybkin I, Abou-Al-Shaar H, Dodson V, Amin AG, Wainwright JV, Cohen E, Schmidt MH, Cole C, Bowers CA (2021). Preoperative meningioma embolization reduces perioperative blood loss: a multi-center retrospective matched case-control study. Br J Neurosurg, 37(1), 67-70. (Read full article)
    66. Croci DM, Fredrickson VL, Hollon TC, Dailey AT, Couldwell WT (2021). Lateral Suboccipital Craniotomy With C1-C2 Hemilaminectomies and C1-C3 Fusion for the Treatment of a C1-C2 Synovial Cyst Causing Spinal Cord Compression: 2-Dimensional Operative Video. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown), 21(3), E248-E249. (Read full article)
    67. Hunsaker JC, Khan M, Gamblin A, Karsy M, Couldwell WT (2021). Use of a Surgical Stepdown Protocol for Cost Reduction After Transsphenoidal Pituitary Adenoma Resection: A Case Series. World Neurosurg, 152, e476-e483. (Read full article)
    68. Alaoui-Ismaili A, Krogager ME, Jakola AS, Poulsgaard L, Couldwell W, Mathiesen T (2020). Surgeons' experience of venous risk with CPA surgery. Neurosurg Rev, 44(3), 1675-1685. (Read full article)
    69. Hunsaker J, Khan M, Makarenko S, Evans J, Couldwell W, Karsy M (2021). Prediction of Readmission and Complications After Pituitary Adenoma Resection via the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) Database. Cureus, 13(5), e14809. (Read full article)
    70. Sherrod BA, Makarenko S, Iyer RR, Eli I, Kestle JR, Couldwell WT (2021). Primary pituitary abscess in an adolescent female patient: case report, literature review, and operative video. Childs Nerv Syst, 37(5), 1423-1428. (Read full article)
    71. Couldwell WT, Cohen MA (2020). In Reply: Internal Auditory Canal Variability: Anatomic Variation Affects Cisternal Facial Nerve Visualization. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown), 20(3), E254. (Read full article)
    72. Krogager ME, Jakola AS, Poulsgaard L, Couldwell W, Mathiesen T (2019). Safe handling of veins in the pineal region-a mixed method study. Neurosurg Rev, 44(1), 317-325. (Read full article)
    73. Jensen RL, Kestle JRW, Brockmeyer DL, Couldwell WT (2020). Principles of Remediation for the Struggling Neurosurgery Resident. World Neurosurg, 146, e1118-e1125. (Read full article)
    74. Joyce E, Grandhi R, Couldwell WT (2021). Sitting supracerebellar infratentorial approach for resection of posterior fossa arteriovenous malformation. Neurosurg Focus Video, 4(1), V8. (Read full article)
    75. Ravindra VM, Alexander M, Taussky P, Bollo RJ, Hassan AE, Scoville JP, Griauzde J, Awad AW, Jumaa M, Zaidi S, Lee JJ, Hafeez MU, Nascimento FA, LoPresti MA, Couldwell WT, Hetts SW, Lam SK, Kan P, Grandhi R (2019). Endovascular Thrombectomy for Pediatric Acute Ischemic Stroke: A Multi-Institutional Experience of Technical and Clinical Outcomes. Neurosurgery, 88(1), 46-54. (Read full article)
    76. Casazza GC, McIntyre MK, Gurgel RK, McCrary HC, Shelton C, Couldwell WT, Bowers CA (2020). Increasing Frailty, Not Increasing Age, Results in Increased Length of Stay Following Vestibular Schwannoma Surgery. Otol Neurotol, 41(10), e1243-e1249. (Read full article)
    77. Abou-Al-Shaar H, Cohen MA, Bi WL, Gozal YM, Alzhrani G, Karsy M, Al-Mefty O, Couldwell WT (2020). Surgical Management of Multifocal Trigeminal Schwannomas. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown), 19(6), 659-666. (Read full article)
    78. Lee JE, Mohanty A, Albuquerque FC, Couldwell WT, Levy EI, Benzel EC, Wakhloo AK, Hirsch JA, Fiorella D, Fargen KM, Burkhardt JK, Srinivasan VM, Johnson J, Mokin M, Kan P (2020). Trends in academic productivity in the COVID-19 era: analysis of neurosurgical, stroke neurology, and neurointerventional literature. J Neurointerv Surg, 12(11), 1049-1052. (Read full article)
    79. Zhang L, Li D, Xiao D, Couldwell WT, Ohata K (2020). Improving brain health by identifying structure-function relations in patients with neurosurgical disorders. BMJ, 371, m3690. (Read full article)
    80. Theriault BC, Pazniokas J, Adkoli AS, Cho EK, Rao N, Schmidt M, Cole C, Gandhi C, Couldwell WT, Al-Mufti F, Bowers CA (2020). Frailty predicts worse outcomes after intracranial meningioma surgery irrespective of existing prognostic factors. Neurosurg Focus, 49(4), E16. (Read full article)
    81. Couldwell MW, Mortimer As V, Couldwell WT (2020). Microvascular transposition using Teflon sling technique. Neurosurg Focus Video, 3(2), V2. (Read full article)
    82. Kim RB, Wilkerson C, Karsy M, Joyce E, Rolston JD, Couldwell WT, Mahan MA (2020). Prolonged Length of Stay and Risk of Unplanned 30-Day Readmission After Elective Spine Surgery: Propensity Score-Matched Analysis of 33,840 Patients. Spine (Phila Pa 1976), 45(18), 1260-1268. (Read full article)
    83. Joyce EJ, Cohen MA, Ho W, Brockmeyer DL, Couldwell WT (2019). Extreme Lateral Transodontoid Approach for Resection of Clival Chordoma: 2-Dimensional Operative Video. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown), 19(3), E298. (Read full article)
    84. Cohen MA, Abou-Al-Shaar H, Gozal YM, Karsy M, Alzhrani G, Shelton C, Couldwell WT (2019). Internal Auditory Canal Variability: Anatomic Variation Affects Cisternal Facial Nerve Visualization. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown), 19(3), E251-E258. (Read full article)
    85. Eli IM, Karsy M, Brodke DS, Bachus KN, Couldwell WT, Dailey AT, Mazur MD (2019). Restabilization of the Occipitocervical Junction After a Complete Unilateral Condylectomy: A Biomechanical Comparison of Unilateral and Bilateral Fixation Techniques. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown), 19(2), 157-164. (Read full article)
    86. Hardy J, Karsy M, Makarenko S, Ward M, Couldwell WT (2020). Hemorrhagic Fibrous Dysplasia with Acute Neurological Decline: Case Report and Review of the Literature. World Neurosurg, 140, 71-75. (Read full article)
    87. Raheja A, Couldwell WT (2020). Cavernous Sinus Meningioma with Orbital Involvement: Algorithmic Decision-Making and Treatment Strategy. J Neurol Surg B Skull Base, 81(4), 348-356. (Read full article)
    88. Weiss MH, Zada G, Carmichael JD, Couldwell WT (2020). Letter to the Editor. Gamma Knife radiosurgery for Cushing's disease after prior resection. J Neurosurg, 134, 1-3. (Read full article)
    89. Karsy M, Kim R, Azab M, Harper J, Guan J, Eli I, Couldwell W (2020). Higher Admission D-Dimer Values Are Associated With an Increased Risk of Nonroutine Discharge in Neurosurgery Patients. Cureus, 12(7), e9425. (Read full article)
    90. Gozal YM, Alzhrani G, Abou-Al-Shaar H, Couldwell WT (2018). Repeat Resection of a Cavernous Malformation of the Optic Nerve/Chiasm via a Frontotemporal Approach: 2-Dimensional Operative Video. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown), 18(5), E169-E170. (Read full article)
    91. Cohen MA, Couldwell WT (2018). Resection of Cavernous Sinus Meningioma via Lateral Orbitotomy Approach: 2-Dimensional Operative Video. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown), 18(5), E164. (Read full article)
    92. Nadel J, Couldwell WT (2020). Management of Water and Sodium Disturbances after Transsphenoidal Resection of Pituitary Tumors. Neurol India, 68(Supplement), S101-S105. (Read full article)
    93. Kondziolka D, Couldwell WT, Rutka JT (2020). Introduction. On pandemics: the impact of COVID-19 on the practice of neurosurgery. J Neurosurg, 1-2. (Read full article)
    94. Scoville JP, Mazur MD, Couldwell WT (2018). Unique Far-Lateral Closure Technique: Technical Note. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown), 18(4), 384-390. (Read full article)
    95. Joyce E, Karsy M, Makarenko S, Alt J, Orlandi R, Couldwell WT (2020). Resection of a juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma via a hybrid cranioendoscopic approach. Neurosurg Focus Video, 2(2), V17. (Read full article)
    96. Joyce E, Karsy M, Makarenko S, Oakley GM, Couldwell WT (2020). Application of hybrid cranioendoscopic approaches in anterior skull base surgery. Neurosurg Focus Video, 2(2), V5. (Read full article)
    97. Sherrod BA, Yoon NK, Anzai Y, Schmidt RH, Couldwell WT, Hawryluk GWJ (2018). Delayed Cerebrospinal Fluid Cleft Formation Through the Midbrain and Thalamus Following Hemicraniectomy and Cranioplasty for Acute Subdural Hematoma. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown), 18(3), E88-E94. (Read full article)
    98. Abou-Al-Shaar H, Krisht KM, Cohen MA, Abunimer AM, Neil JA, Karsy M, Alzhrani G, Couldwell WT (2020). Cranio-Orbital and Orbitocranial Approaches to Orbital and Intracranial Disease: Eye-Opening Approaches for Neurosurgeons. Front Surg, 7, 1. (Read full article)
    99. Karsy M, Azab MA, Harper J, Abou-Al-Shaar H, Guan J, Eli I, Brock AA, Ormond RD, Hosokawa PW, Gouripeddi R, Butcher R, Cole CD, Menacho ST, Couldwell WT (2019). Evaluation of a D-Dimer Protocol for Detection of Venous Thromboembolism. World Neurosurg, 133, e774-e783. (Read full article)
    100. Wilde H, Twitchell S, Reese J, Guan J, Eli IM, Karsy M, Taussky P, Grandhi R, Schmidt RH, Couldwell WT (2019). Evaluation of disease severity and treatment intensity as cost drivers for ruptured intracranial aneurysms. Acta Neurochir (Wien), 162(1), 157-167. (Read full article)
    101. Raheja A, Couldwell WT (2020). Cavernous sinus meningioma. Handb Clin Neurol, 170, 69-85. (Read full article)
    102. Achey RL, Karsy M, Azab MA, Scoville J, Kundu B, Bowers CA, Couldwell WT (2019). Improved Surgical Safety via Intraoperative Navigation for Transnasal Transsphenoidal Resection of Pituitary Adenomas. J Neurol Surg B Skull Base, 80(6), 626-631. (Read full article)
    103. Baker C, Karsy M, Couldwell WT (2019). Resection of Pituitary Tumor with Lateral Extension to the Temporal Fossa: The Toothpaste Extrusion Technique. Cureus, 11(10), e5953. (Read full article)
    104. Ravindra VM, Karsy M, Lanpher A, Bollo RJ, Griauzde J, Scott RM, Couldwell WT, Smith ER (2019). A national analysis of 9655 pediatric cerebrovascular malformations: effect of hospital volume on outcomes. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 1-10. (Read full article)
    105. Nickele C, Nguyen V, Fisher W, Couldwell W, Aboud E, David C, Morcos J, Charalampaki C, Arthur A (2018). A Pilot Comparison of Multispectral Fluorescence to Indocyanine Green Videoangiography and Other Modalities for Intraoperative Assessment in Vascular Neurosurgery. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown), 17(1), 103-109. (Read full article)
    106. Guan J, Karsy M, Brock AA, Couldwell WT, Schmidt RH (2018). Overlapping Surgery: 2 Years Later. Neurosurgery, 65(CN_suppl_1), 55-57. (Read full article)
    107. Park MS, Brock A, Mortimer V, Taussky P, Couldwell WT, Quigley E (2017). GoPro Hero Cameras for Creation of a Three-Dimensional, Educational, Neurointerventional Video. J Digit Imaging, 30(5), 561-565. (Read full article)
    108. Karsy M, Brock AA, Guan J, Bisson EF, Couldwell WT (2017). Assessment of Cost Drivers in Transsphenoidal Approaches for Resection of Pituitary Tumors Using the Value-Driven Outcome Database. World Neurosurg, 105, 818-823. (Read full article)
    109. Eloy JA, Kilic S, Yoo NG, Mcleod T, Svider PF, Baredes S, Folbe AJ, Couldwell WT, Liu JK (2017). Is Industry Funding Associated with Greater Scholarly Impact Among Academic Neurosurgeons? World Neurosurg, 103, 517-525. (Read full article)
    110. Bagshaw HP, Burt LM, Jensen RL, Suneja G, Palmer CA, Couldwell WT, Shrieve DC (2017). Adjuvant radiotherapy for atypical meningiomas. J Neurosurg, 126(6), 1822-1828. (Read full article)
    111. Griauzde J, Ravindra VM, Chaudhary N, Gemmete JJ, Mazur MD, Roark CD, Couldwell WT, Park MS, Taussky P, Pandey AS (2017). Use of the Pipeline embolization device in the treatment of iatrogenic intracranial vascular injuries: a bi-institutional experience. Neurosurg Focus, 42(6), E9. (Read full article)
    112. Alzhrani G, Shelton C, Couldwell WT (2017). Middle fossa approach for resection of vestibular schwannoma. Acta Neurochir (Wien), 159(6), 1023-1026. (Read full article)
    113. Ravindra VM, Raheja A, Corn H, Driscoll M, Welt C, Simmons DL, Couldwell WT (2017). Primary pituitary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with somatotroph hyperplasia and acromegaly: case report. J Neurosurg, 126(5), 1725-1730. (Read full article)
    114. Couldwell WT, MacDonald JD, Thomas CL, Hansen BC, Lapalikar A, Thakkar B, Balaji AK (2017). Computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing skull base drill. Neurosurg Focus, 42(5), E6. (Read full article)
    115. Huang LE, Cohen AL, Colman H, Jensen RL, Fults DW, Couldwell WT (2017). IGFBP2 expression predicts IDH-mutant glioma patient survival. Oncotarget, 8(1), 191-202. (Read full article)
    116. Couldwell WT (2017). Cervical Arthroplasty. Neurosurg Focus, 42(VideoSuppl1), Intro. (Read full article)
    117. Couldwell WT (2017). Editorial: Focusing on the future. Neurosurg Focus, 42(1), E1. (Read full article)
    118. Mazur MD, Couldwell WT, Cutler A, Shah LM, Brodke DS, Bachus K, Dailey AT (2017). Occipitocervical Instability After Far-Lateral Transcondylar Surgery: A Biomechanical Analysis. Neurosurgery, 80(1), 140-145. (Read full article)
    119. Eli IM, Raheja A, Corn HJ, Simmons DL, Palmer CA, Couldwell WT (2016). Sellar Wegener Granulomatosis Masquerading as Cabergoline-Resistant Prolactinoma. World Neurosurg, 95, 622.e1-622.e5. (Read full article)
    120. Ravindra VM, Mazur MD, Park MS, Kilburg C, Moran CJ, Hardman RL, Couldwell WT, Taussky P (2016). Complications in Endovascular Neurosurgery: Critical Analysis and Classification. World Neurosurg, 95, 1-8. (Read full article)
    121. Bowers CA, Sorour M, Patel BC, Couldwell WT (2016). Outcomes after surgical treatment of meningioma-associated proptosis. J Neurosurg, 125(3), 544-50. (Read full article)
    122. Hoang N, Tran DK, Herde R, Couldwell GC, Osborn AG, Couldwell WT (2016). Pituitary macroadenomas with oculomotor cistern extension and tracking: implications for surgical management. J Neurosurg, 125(2), 315-22. (Read full article)
    123. Raheja A, Bowers CA, MacDonald JD, Shelton C, Gurgel RK, Brimley C, Couldwell WT (2016). Middle Fossa Approach for Vestibular Schwannoma: Good Hearing and Facial Nerve Outcomes with Low Morbidity. World Neurosurg, 92, 37-46. (Read full article)
    124. Raheja A, Abou Al-Shaar H, Patel BC, Couldwell WT (2016). Surgical implications of frontoethmoidal pneumosinus dilatans-associated proptosis caused by meningioma. Acta Neurochir (Wien), 158(8), 1597-600. (Read full article)
    125. Raheja A, Kalra R, Couldwell WT (2016). Three-Dimensional Versus Two-Dimensional Neuroendoscopy: A Preclinical Laboratory Study. World Neurosurg, 92, 378-385. (Read full article)
    126. Karsy M, Raheja A, Guan J, Osborn AG, Couldwell WT (2016). Scalp Arteriovenous Malformation with Concomitant, Flow-Dependent Malformation and Aneurysm. World Neurosurg, 90, 708.e5-708.e9. (Read full article)
    127. Abou Al-Shaar H, Raheja A, Palmer CA, Schmidt MH, Couldwell WT (2016). Hypothalamic-Optochiasmatic Pilocytic Astrocytoma Associated with Occipital and Sacral Spinal Cavernomas: A Mere Coincidence or a True Association? World Neurosurg, 90, 707.e17-707.e21. (Read full article)
    128. Sorour M, Sayama C, Couldwell WT (2016). Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome after Surgical Resection of a Giant Vestibular Schwannoma: Case Report and Literature Review. J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg, 77(3), 274-9. (Read full article)
    129. Krisht KM, Palmer CA, Couldwell WT (2016). Multiple osteomas of the falx cerebri and anterior skull base: case report. J Neurosurg, 124(5), 1339-42. (Read full article)
    130. Guan J, Karsy M, Brock A, Couldwell WT (2016). The Utility of Ankle-Brachial Index as a Predictor of Delayed Cerebral Ischemia in Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. World Neurosurg, 89, 139-46. (Read full article)
    131. Raheja A, Eli IM, Bowers CA, Palmer CA, Couldwell WT (2016). Primary Intracranial Epidermoid Carcinoma with Diffuse Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis: Report of Two Cases. World Neurosurg, 88, 692.e9-692.e16. (Read full article)
    132. Neil JA, Orlandi RR, Couldwell WT (2016). Malignant fungal infection of the cavernous sinus: case report. J Neurosurg, 124(3), 861-5. (Read full article)
    133. Jethwa PR, Patel TD, Hajart AF, Eloy JA, Couldwell WT, Liu JK (2016). Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Microscopic and Endoscopic Transsphenoidal Surgery Versus Medical Therapy in the Management of Microprolactinoma in the United States. World Neurosurg, 87, 65-76. (Read full article)
    134. Ravindra VM, Mazur MD, Kumpati GS, Park MS, Patel AN, Tandar A, Welt FG, Bull D, Couldwell WT, Taussky P (2016). Carotid Artery Stenosis in the Setting of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement: Clinical and Technical Considerations of Carotid Stenting. World Neurosurg, 86, 194-8. (Read full article)
    135. Bowers CA, Taussky P, Park MS, Neil JA, Couldwell WT (2015). Rescue microsurgery with bypass and stent removal following Pipeline treatment of a giant internal carotid artery terminus aneurysm. Acta Neurochir (Wien), 157(12), 2071-5. (Read full article)
    136. Herde RF, Hoang N, Tran DK, Couldwell G, Couldwell WT, Osborn AG (2015). Peritumoral cysts associated with pituitary macroadenoma. J Neurosurg, 123(3), 789-93. (Read full article)
    137. Couldwell WT, Cutler A, Neil JA (2015). Left pterional craniotomy for thrombectomy and clipping of ruptured left MCA giant aneurysm. Neurosurg Focus, 39 Video Suppl 1, V1. (Read full article)
    138. Ravindra VM, Neil JA, Mazur MD, Park MS, Couldwell WT, Taussky P (2015). Motion-related vascular abnormalities at the craniocervical junction: illustrative case series and literature review. Neurosurg Focus, 38(4), E6. (Read full article)
    139. Karsy M, Sonnen J, Couldwell WT (2015). Authors' reply to letter to the editor regarding "coincident pituitary adenoma and sellar meningioma". Acta Neurochir (Wien), 157(3), 555. (Read full article)
    140. Krisht KM, Shelton C, Couldwell WT (2015). Early Conquest of the Rock: Julius Lempert's Life and the Complete Apicectomy Technique for the Treatment of Suppurative Petrous Apicitis. J Neurol Surg B Skull Base, 76(2), 101-7. (Read full article)
    141. Krisht KM, Sorour M, Cote M, Hardy J, Couldwell WT (2015). Marching beyond the sella: Gerard Guiot and his contributions to neurosurgery. J Neurosurg, 122(2), 464-72. (Read full article)
    142. Karsy M, Sonnen J, Couldwell WT (2015). Coincident pituitary adenoma and sellar meningioma. Acta Neurochir (Wien), 157(2), 231-3. (Read full article)
    143. Couldwell WT, Neil JA (2015). Far-lateral approach for surgical treatment of fusiform PICA aneurysm. Neurosurg Focus, 38(VideoSuppl1), Video10. (Read full article)
    144. Couldwell WT, MacDonald JD, Taussky P (2014). Complete resection of the cavernous sinus-indications and technique. World Neurosurg, 82(6), 1264-70. (Read full article)
    145. Couldwell WT, Cannon-Albright LA (2014). Co-prevalence of other tumors in patients harboring pituitary tumors. J Neurosurg, 121(6), 1474-7. (Read full article)
    146. Couldwell WT, Mortimer V, Kraus KL (2014). Expanding neurosurgery. J Neurosurg, 121(6), 1297-313. (Read full article)
    147. Cherla DV, Sanghvi S, Eloy JA, Couldwell WT, Liu JK (2014). Readability of Internet-Based Patient Education Materials Related to Pituitary Tumors. Endocr Pract, 20(10), 1044-1050.
    148. Sekhar L, Mantovani A, Mortazavi M, Schwartz TH, Couldwell WT (2014). Open vs endoscopic: when to use which. Neurosurgery, 61 Suppl 1, 84-92. (Read full article)
    149. Sivakumar W, Ravindra VM, Cutler A, Couldwell WT (2014). Intracranial hypotension in the setting of concurrent perineural cyst rupture and subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Clin Neurosci, 21(6), 1063-5. (Read full article)
    150. Couldwell WT (2014). Complex middle cerebral artery aneurysm: 3-dimensional operative video. Neurosurgery, 10 Suppl 1, 159; discussion 159. (Read full article)
    151. Sorour M, Bowers CA, Couldwell WT (2014). Intraoperative aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage after rupture of a previously undiagnosed intracranial aneurysm during Chiari decompression. J Clin Neurosci, 21(3), 524-6. (Read full article)
    152. Cote M, Salzman KL, Sorour M, Couldwell WT (2014). Normal dimensions of the posterior pituitary bright spot on magnetic resonance imaging. J Neurosurg, 120(2), 357-62. (Read full article)
    153. Sorour M, Caton WL 3rd, Couldwell WT (2014). Technique for methyl methacrylate cranioplasty to optimize cosmetic outcome. Acta Neurochir (Wien), 156(1), 207-9. (Read full article)
    154. Eloy JA, Svider PF, Folbe AJ, Couldwell WT, Liu JK (2014). Comparison of plaintiff and defendant expert witness qualification in malpractice litigation in neurological surgery. J Neurosurg, 120(1), 185-90. (Read full article)
    155. Bowers CA, Taussky P, Couldwell WT (2014). Surgical treatment of craniofacial fibrous dysplasia in adults. Neurosurg Rev, 37(1), 47-53. (Read full article)
    156. Svider PF, Husain Q, Folbe AJ, Couldwell WT, Liu JK, Eloy JA (2014). Assessing National Institutes of Health funding and scholarly impact in neurological surgery. J Neurosurg, 120(1), 191-6. (Read full article)
    157. Couldwell WT, Shelton C (2014). Transtemporal approach to the removal of a lateral pontine tumor. Neurosurg Focus, 36(1 Suppl), 1. (Read full article)
    158. Sorour M, Krisht KM, Couldwell WT (2014). Intraventricular hemorrhage after epidural blood patching: an unusual complication. Case Rep Neurol Med, 2014, 406289. (Read full article)
    159. Taussky P, Kalra R, Couldwell WT (2012). Delayed vasospasm after removal of a skull base meningioma. J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg, 73(4), 249-52. (Read full article)
    160. Altay T, Couldwell WT (2012). The frontotemporal (pterional) approach: an historical perspective. Neurosurgery, 71(2), 481-91; discussion 491-2. (Read full article)
    161. Taussky P, Kalra R, Coppens J, Mohebali J, Jensen R, Couldwell WT (2011). Endocrinological outcome after pituitary transposition (hypophysopexy) and adjuvant radiotherapy for tumors involving the cavernous sinus. J Neurosurg, 115(1), 55-62. (Read full article)
    162. Mohebali J, Walsh MT, Couldwell WT (2010). Brainstem glioma in PHACES syndrome: case report and review of the literature. Cent Eur Neurosurg, 72(1), 46-8. (Read full article)
    163. Sayama CM, Osborn AG, Chin SS, Couldwell WT (2009). Capillary telangiectasias: clinical, radiographic, and histopathological features. Clinical article. J Neurosurg, 113(4), 709-14. (Read full article)
    164. Binning MJ, Walsh MT, Apfelbaum RI, Chin SS, Couldwell WT (2009). Ectopic atypical lymphoid tissue of the infundibulum/hypothalamus. J Neurosurg, 112(6), 1340. (Read full article)
    165. Couldwell WT, Cannon-Albright L (2009). A heritable predisposition to pituitary tumors. Pituitary, 13(2), 130-7. (Read full article)
    166. Berger MS, Couldwell WT, Rutka JT, Selden NR (2010). Introduction: neurogenomics and neuroproteomics. Neurosurg Focus, 28(1), E1. (Read full article)
    167. Liu JK, Sayama C, Chin SS, Couldwell WT (2007). Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma presenting as a pituitary mass. Case report and review of the literature. J Neurosurg, 107(3), 660-5. (Read full article)
    168. Ragel BT, Bishop FS, Couldwell WT (2007). Recurrent infrasellar clival craniopharyngioma. Acta Neurochir (Wien), 149(7), 729-30; discussion 730. (Read full article)
    169. Couldwell WT, Weiss MH, Rabb C, Liu JK, Apfelbaum RI, Fukushima T (2003). Variations on the standard transsphenoidal approach to the sellar region, with emphasis on the extended approaches and parasellar approaches: surgical experience in 105 cases. Neurosurgery, 55(3), 539-47; discussion 547-50. (Read full article)
    170. Liu JK, Decker D, Schaefer SD, Moscatello AL, Orlandi RR, Weiss MH, Couldwell WT (2002). Zones of approach for craniofacial resection: minimizing facial incisions for resection of anterior cranial base and paranasal sinus tumors. Neurosurgery, 53(5), 1126-35; discussion 1135-7. (Read full article)
    171. Krieger MD, Couldwell WT, Weiss MH (2003). Assessment of long-term remission of acromegaly following surgery. J Neurosurg, 98(4), 719-24. (Read full article)
    172. Zhang W, DeMattia JA, Song H, Couldwell WT (2003). Communication between malignant glioma cells and vascular endothelial cells through gap junctions. J Neurosurg, 98(4), 846-53. (Read full article)
    173. Couldwell WT, Rovit RL, Weiss MH (2003). Role of surgery in the treatment of microprolactinomas. Neurosurg Clin N Am, 14(1), 89-92, vii. (Read full article)
    174. Liu JK, Weiss MH, Couldwell WT (2003). Surgical approaches to pituitary tumors. Neurosurg Clin N Am, 14(1), 93-107. (Read full article)
    175. Couldwell WT, Mohan AL (2002). Enlargement of a vestibular schwannoma after stereotactic radiotherapy. Acta Neurochir (Wien), 144(12), 1319-22. (Read full article)
    176. Couldwell WT, Rovit RL (2003). Rethinking neurosurgical subspecialization. Surg Neurol, 58(6), 359-63; discussion 363-70. (Read full article)
    177. Simard M, Zhang W, Hinton DR, Chen TC, Weiss MH, Su YZ, Gopalakrishna R, Law RE, Couldwell WT (2002). Tamoxifen-induced growth arrest and apoptosis in pituitary tumor cells in vitro via a protein kinase C-independent pathway. Cancer Lett, 185(2), 131-8. (Read full article)
    178. Hasan I, Wapnick S, Tenner MS, Couldwell W (2002). Vertebral artery dissection in children: a comprehensive review. Pediatr Neurosurg, 37(4), 168-77. (Read full article)
    179. Amar AP, Couldwell WT, Chen JC, Weiss MH (2002). Predictive value of serum prolactin levels measured immediately after transsphenoidal surgery. J Neurosurg, 97(2), 307-14. (Read full article)
    180. Sabit I, Schaefer SD, Couldwell WT (2002). Modified infratemporal fossa approach via lateral transantral maxillotomy: a microsurgical model. Surg Neurol, 58(1), 21-31; discussion 31. (Read full article)
    181. Hahn M, Murali R, Couldwell WT (2002). Tunneled lumbar drain. Technical note. J Neurosurg, 96(6), 1130-1. (Read full article)
    182. Meiteles LZ, Liu JK, Couldwell WT (2002). Hearing restoration after resection of an intracanalicular vestibular schwannoma: a role for emergency surgery? Case report and review of the literature. J Neurosurg, 96(4), 796-800. (Read full article)
    183. Hasan I, Wapnick S, Kutscher ML, Couldwell WT (2001). Vertebral arterial dissection associated with Klippel-Feil syndrome in a child. Childs Nerv Syst, 18(1-2), 67-70. (Read full article)
    184. Rosenow J, Das K, Rovit RL, Couldwell WT (2003). Irving S. Cooper and his role in intracranial stimulation for movement disorders and epilepsy. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg, 78(2), 95-112. (Read full article)
    185. Sutton JP, Couldwell W, Lew MF, Mallory L, Grafton S, DeGiorgio C, Welsh M, Apuzzo ML, Ahmadi J, Waters CH (1995). Ventroposterior medial pallidotomy in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease. Neurosurgery, 36(6), 1112-6; discussion 1116-7. (Read full article)
    186. Couldwell W, Weiss MH (1993). Intracranial monitoring as a management option for patients with liver failure. J Crit Illn, 8(3), 329-30. (Read full article)
    187. Levy ML, Tung H, Couldwell WT, Hinton DR, Apuzzo ML (1992). Neurosurgery, molecular medicine, and the Pandora-Panacea continuum: future implications for glioma therapy? Clin Neurosurg, 39, 421-62. (Read full article)
    188. Jalalah S, Kovacs K, Horvath E, Couldwell W, Weiss MH, Ezrin C (1987). Rhabdomyosarcoma in the region of the sella turcica. Acta Neurochir (Wien), 88(3-4), 142-6. (Read full article)

    Review

    1. Pahwa B, Kazim SF, Vellek J, Alvarez-Crespo DJ, Shah S, Tarawneh O, Dicpinigaitis AJ, Grandhi R, Couldwell WT, Schmidt MH, Bowers CA (2024). Frailty as a predictor of poor outcomes in patients with chronic subdural hematoma (cSDH): A systematic review of literature. [Review]. World Neurosurg X, 23, 100372. (Read full article)
    2. Alvarez-Crespo DJ, Conlon M, Kazim SF, Skandalakis GP, Bowers CA, Chhabra K, Tarawneh O, Arbuiso S, Cole KL, Dominguez J, Dicpinigaitis AJ, Vellek J, Thommen R, Bisson EF, Couldwell WT, Cole CD, Schmidt MH (2023). Clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes of 2542 patients with spinal schwannomas: A systematic review and meta-analysis. [Review]. World Neurosurg, 182, 165-183.e1. (Read full article)
    3. Rawanduzy CA, Budohoski KP, Rennert RC, Winkler-Schwartz A, Couldwell WT (2023). Spheno-Orbital Meningiomas. [Review]. Neurosurg Clin N Am, 34(3), 417-423. (Read full article)
    4. Rawanduzy CA, Couldwell WT (2023). History, Current Techniques, and Future Prospects of Surgery to the Sellar and Parasellar Region. [Review]. Cancers (Basel), 15(11). (Read full article)
    5. Rawanduzy CA, Winkler-Schwartz A, Couldwell WT (2023). Hypophysitis: Defining Histopathologic Variants and a Review of Emerging Clinical Causative Entities. [Review]. Int J Mol Sci, 24(6). (Read full article)
    6. Gozal YM, Abou-Al-Shaar H, Alzhrani G, Taussky P, Couldwell WT (2023). Complications of Endovascular and Open Aneurysm Surgery in the Era of Flow Diversion. [Review]. Acta Neurochir Suppl, 130, 85-94. (Read full article)
    7. Bin-Alamer O, Alnefaie N, Qedair J, Chaudhary A, Hallak H, Abdulbaki A, Mallela AN, Palmisciano P, Gersey ZC, Legarreta AD, Labib MA, Zada G, Sheehan JP, Couldwell WT, Lunsford LD, Abou-Al-Shaar H (2022). Single session versus multisession stereotactic radiosurgery for the management of intracranial meningiomas: a systematic review and meta-analysis. [Review]. J Neurooncol, 161(2), 215-224. (Read full article)
    8. Hollon T, Fredrickson V, Couldwell WT (2021). Extent of Resection Research in Skull Base Neurosurgery: Previous Studies and Future Directions. [Review]. World Neurosurg, 161, 396-404. (Read full article)
    9. Rennert RC, Fredrickson VL, Couldwell WT (2022). Microscopic Transsphenoidal Surgery in the Era of Endoscopy: Are There Any Advantages? [Review]. Otolaryngol Clin North Am, 55(2), 411-420. (Read full article)
    10. Bin Alamer O, Palmisciano P, Mallela AN, Labib MA, Gardner PA, Couldwell WT, Lunsford LD, Abou-Al-Shaar H (2022). Stereotactic radiosurgery in the management of petroclival meningiomas: a systematic review and meta-analysis of treatment outcomes of primary and adjuvant radiosurgery. [Review]. J Neurooncol, 157, 207-219. (Read full article)
    11. Raheja A, Couldwell WT (2017). Management of Cavernous Sinus Involvement in Sinonasal and Ventral Skull Base Malignancies. [Review]. Otolaryngol Clin North Am, 50(2), 365-383. (Read full article)
    12. Raheja A, Couldwell WT (2016). Microsurgical resection of skull base meningioma-expanding the operative corridor. [Review]. J Neurooncol, 130(2), 263-267. (Read full article)
    13. Wong A, Eloy JA, Couldwell WT, Liu JK (2015). Update on prolactinomas. Part 1: Clinical manifestations and diagnostic challenges. [Review]. J Clin Neurosci, 22(10), 1562-7. (Read full article)
    14. Wong A, Eloy JA, Couldwell WT, Liu JK (2015). Update on prolactinomas. Part 2: Treatment and management strategies. [Review]. J Clin Neurosci, 22(10), 1568-74. (Read full article)

    Edited Book

    1. Couldwell WT, Winn HR (Eds.) (2016). General neurosurgery. In Youman's Textbook of Neurosurgery. (7th). Philadelphia: Elsevier.
    2. Hamilton MG, Couldwell WT, Golfinos JG, Pineo GF (Eds.) (2014). Handbook of Bleeding and Coagulation for Neurosurgery. New York: Thieme.

    Book Chapter

    1. Gamboa N, Couldwell WT (2021). Perforator injury during open skull base surgery. In P Gardner, C Snyderman, B Jankowitz (Eds.), Vascular Challenges in Skull Base Surgery. New York: Thieme.
    2. Raheja A, Couldwell WT (2020). Surgical considerations for recurrent meningiomas. In Meningiomas: Comprehensive Strategies for Management. London: Springer Nature.
    3. Kundu B, Couldwell WT (2020). Automated skull base drilling. In H Marcus, C Payne (Eds.), Neurosurgical Robotics. New York: Springer.
    4. Bowers CA, Couldwell WT (2017). Orbital management of meningioma-associated proptosis. In Laws E, Kaye A, Seifert V, Misra BK (Eds.), Current Progres in Neurosurgery 2 (2). Mumbair: Kothari Medical Subscription Services.
    5. Coppens JR, Liu JK, Couldwell WT (2016). Advantages and Limitations of Cranial Endoscopy. In H Winn (Ed.), Youman's Neurological Surgery (7th ed.). Philadelphia: Elsevier.
    6. Sivakumar W, Neil JA, Couldwell WT (2016). Transsphenoidal Approach to Pituitary Macroadenomas: Microsurgical and Endoscopic. In Sekhar LN, Fessler R (Eds.), Atlas of Neurosurgical Techniques–Brain (2nd ed). New York: Thieme.
    7. Neil JA, Mazur MD, Couldwell WT (2015). Surgical Management of Planum and Olfactory Groove Meningiomas. In Veeravagu A, Chang S (Eds.), Current Management of Central Nervous System Meningiomas (Chapter 5). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers.
    8. Krisht KM, Couldwell WT, Weiss MH (2015). Pituitary tumors: Viewpoint: Surgery. In WF Regine, LS Chin (Eds.), Principles and Practice of Stereotactic Radiosurgery (2nd ed.). New York: Springer.
    9. Krisht KM, Sivakumar W, Couldwell WT (2015). Controversies: Extended endoscopic vs. open transcranial approaches. In T. Kenning (Ed.), Craniopharyngiomas: A Comprehensive Guide to Diagnosis, Treatment and Outcome (Chapter 35). Philadelphia: Elsevier.
    10. Sivakumar W, Krisht KM, Couldwell WT (2015). Surgical Approaches: Transcortical–Transventricular Removal of Craniopharyngioma. In T. Kenning (Ed.), Surgical Approaches: Transcortical–Transventricular Removal of Craniopharyngioma (Chapter 13). Philadelphia: Elsevier.
    11. Couldwell WT (2014). Far Lateral Transcervical Approach to the Lower Clivus and Upper Cervical Spine. In Snyderman CH, Ferris R, Myers EN (Eds.), Master Techniques in Otolaryngologic Surgery–Head and Neck Surgery: Skull Base Surgery (Vol. 4, Chapter 39). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
    12. Hamilton MG, Levy R, Couldwell WT, Browd S (2014). Venous thromboembolism (DVT and PE) prophylaxis. In Hamilton MG, Couldwell WT, Golfinos JG, Pineo GF (Eds.), Handbook of Bleeding and Coagulation for Neurosurgery. New York: Thieme.
    13. Couldwell WT (2014). Craniotomy for suprasellar tumor. In Snyderman CH, Ferris R, Myers EN (Eds.), Master Techniques in Otolaryngologic Surgery–Head and Neck Surgery: Skull Base Surgery (Vol. 4, Chapter 9). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
    14. Krisht KM, Gottfried ON, Couldwell WT (2014). Craniopharyngioma. In Berger M, Bernstein M (Eds.), Neuro-Oncology: The Essentials (3rd ed.). New York: Thieme.

    Conference Proceedings

    1. Traynelis VC, Andrews BT, Awad IA, Batjer HH, Belzberg A, Leibrock L, Couldwell W, Follett K, Friedman A, Loftus CM, Maniker A, Mapstone T, Pollock BE, Schochet SS Jr, Valadka A, Wolfla C (2001). Resident curriculum guidelines for neurosurgery. Congress of Neurological Surgeons Education Committee. Clin Neurosurg, United States, 47, 589-681. (Read full article)

    Case Report

    1. Hamrick FA, Findlay MC, Rennert RC, Budohoski KP, Couldwell WT (2022). Pituitary Apoplexy Precipitated by Systemic Chemotherapy. Cureus, 14(3), e23004. (Read full article)
    2. Rennert RC, Twitchell S, Budohoski KP, Couldwell WT (2021). Combined subtemporal and pterional approach for clipping of multiple aneurysms. Surg Neurol Int, 12, 619. (Read full article)
    3. Uysal E, Cohen MA, Abou-Al-Shaar H, Palmer C, Couldwell W (2021). Hemorrhagic Skull Base Chordoma Presenting As Chordoma Apoplexy. Cureus, 13(11), e19187. (Read full article)
    4. Gamblin A, Nguyen S, Fredrickson V, Grandhi R, Couldwell WT (2021). Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformation Deep Draining Veins Not Observed on Preoperative Angiography Identified on Postoperative Angiography. Cureus, 13(7), e16410. (Read full article)
    5. Patel A, Gozal YM, Abou-Al-Shaar H, Taussky P, Couldwell W (2021). Spontaneous Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea from a Prolactin-Secreting Pituitary Macroadenoma. Cureus, 13(2), e13111. (Read full article)
    6. Couldwell MW, Cheshier S, Taussky P, Mortimer V, Couldwell WT (2020). Right frontotemporal craniotomy for ECA-to-MCA direct and indirect bypass and occipital artery indirect bypass to the posterior circulation: case report. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 27, 1-5. (Read full article)
    7. Cohen MA, Cannon RB, Couldwell WT (2020). Resection of Invasive Sphenoorbital and Cavernous Sinus Meningioma via Frontotemporal Craniotomy. World Neurosurg, 141, 252. (Read full article)
    8. Couldwell WT, Schmidt MH, Mortimer V (2020). Cervical Laminoplasty for Resection of Hemorrhagic Cavernous Malformation Using a Biportal Technique. World Neurosurg, 138, 200. (Read full article)
    9. Uysal E, Reese J, Cohen M, Curtis D, Shelton C, Couldwell WT (2019). Internal Auditory Canal Lipoma: An Unusual Intracranial Lesion. World Neurosurg, 135, 156-159. (Read full article)
    10. Sivakumar W, Oh N, Cutler A, Colman H, Couldwell WT (2015). Cranial and spinal leptomeningeal dissemination in esthesioneuroblastoma: Two reports of distant central nervous system metastasis and rationale for treatment. Surg Neurol Int, 6(Suppl 25), S628-32. (Read full article)
    11. Mazur MD, Neil JA, Agarwal C, Jensen RL, Couldwell WT (2015). Surgical management of a transosseous meningioma with invasion of torcula, superior sagittal sinus, transverse sinus, calvaria, and scalp. Surg Neurol Int, 6, 40. (Read full article)
    12. Guan J, Couldwell WT, Taussky P (2014). Intracranial hypotension as a complication of lumbar puncture prior to elective aneurysm clipping. Surg Neurol Int, 5(Suppl 9), S427-9. (Read full article)

    Editorial

    1. Couldwell WT, Rutka JT (2023). Editorial. Margie Shreve and the Journal of Neurosurgery: "May it be said, 'Well done.'". J Neurosurg, 139(2), 586-588. (Read full article)
    2. Couldwell WT, Harbaugh RE, Rutka JT (2023). Editorial. Pitfalls in the practice of neurosurgery: identifying those at greatest risk. J Neurosurg, 1-3. (Read full article)
    3. Weiss MH, Couldwell WT (2021). Editorial. The establishment of Neurosurgical Focus: personal reflections by the Editors-in-Chief. Neurosurg Focus, 51(6), E8. (Read full article)
    4. Kondziolka D, Couldwell WT, Rutka JT (2020). Editorial. Putting pen to paper during a pandemic: increased manuscript submissions to the JNS Publishing Group. J Neurosurg, 1-3. (Read full article)
    5. Couldwell WT (2019). The inaugural issue of Neurosurgical Focus: Video. Neurosurg Focus Video, 1(1), Editorial. (Read full article)

    Letter

    1. Sivakumar W, Couldwell WT (2023). Letter to the editor regarding "Vascular anomalies in patients with growth hormone-secreting pituitary adenomas: illustrative case report and systematic review of the literature". [Letter to the editor]. Pituitary. (Read full article)
    2. Budohoski KP, Gurgel RK, Couldwell WT (2023). Vestibular Schwannoma: From a "Certain Hard Body" Through the "Bloody Angle" to Hearing Preservation Surgery. [Letter to the editor]. World Neurosurg, 172, 100-101. (Read full article)
    3. Liu JK, Behmer Hansen RT, Couldwell WT (2019). Letter to the Editor Regarding "Pituitary Apoplexy: Large Surgical Series with Grading System". [Letter to the editor]. World Neurosurg, 135, 405. (Read full article)
    4. Couldwell WT (2003). Intraventricular neurocysticercosis. [Letter to the editor]. J Neurosurg, 98(3), 648; author reply 648-9. (Read full article)

    Report

    1. Liu JK, Orlandi RR, Apfelbaum RI, Couldwell WT (2004). Novel closure technique for the endonasal transsphenoidal approach. Technical note. (0022-3085). United States. (Read full article)

    Video/Film/CD/Web/Podcast

    1. Budohoski KP, Bounajem M, Rennert RC, Awad AW, Shelton C, Couldwell WT (2022). Combined petrosal approach for resection of petroclival meningioma. 2D operative video. [World Neurosurg]. United States. (Read full article)
    2. Rennert RC, Bounajem MT, Budohoski KP, Schmidt RH, Couldwell WT (2022). Frontotemporal Approach for Infectious Aneurysm Trapping and STA-MCA Bypass. [World Neurosurg]. United States. (Read full article)
    3. Rennert RC, Nadel JL, Budohoski KP, Couldwell WT (2022). Trans-Lamina Terminalis Approach for Resection of Third Ventricular Tumor. [World Neurosurg]. United States. (Read full article)

    Patent

    1. Couldwell, WT (2008). CAD-CAM Based Drill for Skull Base and Craniotomy Applications. U.S. Patent No. U-4062-PCT. Washington, D.C.:U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.