About Cancer Genetic Counseling
People with a family history of cancer have a higher risk (chance) of getting cancer. Genetic changes are called mutations. Mutations that cause higher cancer risk can pass through families.
Only five to 10 percent of all cancers are caused by inherited mutations.
Family Cancer Assessment Clinic
The Family Cancer Assessment Clinic (FCAC) at Huntsman Cancer Institute is a team of doctors and genetic counselors. They help patients find out if genes play a role in their personal or family health history.
Genetic Counseling Services
The FCAC offers these services, based on your personal and family health history:
- Assess your cancer risk
- Find ways to reduce your cancer risk (your chance of getting cancer)
- Suggest a cancer screening schedule
- Interpret the results of genetic testing
- Provide information about research programs and studies at Huntsman Cancer Institute
We also offer patients virtual genetic counseling over video connections or by telephone. This convenient service removes the hassle and cost of travel and extends our reach to people who live throughout the Mountain West. Learn more about our TeleGenetics Service.
Signs of Inherited Risk Factors
Here are some signs that a family may have inherited mutations:
- Several members on the same side of the family have the same kind of cancer
- Family members get cancer at an early age such as breast, colon, or uterine cancer before age 50
- Family members have more than one kind of cancer:
- Melanoma and pancreatic cancer
- Breast and ovarian cancer
- Colon and uterine cancer
- There are rare cancers in the family, including the following:
- Ovarian cancer
- Pancreatic cancer
- Male breast cancer
Genetic Testing for Cancer
Genetic testing looks for gene mutations that raise a person's chances of getting cancer.
How does the test work?
Genetic testing starts with a sample of your blood or saliva. We send your sample to a laboratory. The test looks for differences in your genes compared to the general population. These differences may be mutations that increase your odds of getting cancer.
Results come back to the Family Cancer Assessment Clinic (FCAC) in two to four weeks. You will meet with a genetic counselor to discuss what the results mean.
Is genetic testing recommended for everyone?
Genetic testing is not right for everyone. Genetic counselors and doctors can talk to you about whether genetic testing could be helpful. If your family has any of the signs above, you should consider genetic testing. You always have the final decision about whether to be tested.
Can I afford genetic testing?
The cost of genetic testing varies, but most patients pay $0–$250 out of pocket when covered by insurance. Patient assistance programs and self-pay rates are available for uninsured or underinsured individuals. Learn more about the cost of genetic testing and counseling.
High Risk Services
Research teams at Huntsman Cancer Institute want to learn how inherited factors, genetics, behaviors, and the environment may lead to different types of cancer. Teams include physicians, genetic counselors, research coordinators, and support personnel.
We offer studies and specialty services for people at high risk of cancer due to genetic factors, health behaviors, and the environment. People who are eligible can learn ways to detect, prevent, or manage cancer through our education, screening, and risk modeling services.
High Risk GI Clinic
People who have a higher chance of gastrointestinal cancers due to genetic mutations or a family history may need tailored cancer screening and management plans. This clinic is for individuals and their families concerned about their risk for colon, stomach, pancreas, or other GI cancers.
Studies and Research
Breast Cancer Family Registry
One of six National Cancer Institute-funded breast cancer registries. For more information, contact Karen O'Toole at Karen.O'Toole@hci.utah.edu or 801-581-8795.
Hours: Monday-Friday, 9 am to 5 pm Mountain Time