What Is Endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a painful condition where tissue grows outside your uterus. Symptoms can include:

  • pain and excessive menstrual cramps,
  • fatigue,
  • painful urination or bowel movements during menstrual periods,
  • and others.

If you feel you are experiencing these symptoms or would like an evaluation, make an appointment with one of our expert physicians. Our specialists are fellowship trained with the experience to help you understand your body and recommend customized treatment solutions.


What Are Endometrial Polyps?

Endometrial polyps are benign (harmless) growths inside the uterine lining. Many women have them. These polyps are inside the uterine cavity space.

Most endometrial polyps are benign or harmless. This means they won't cause cancer. Only one percent of uterine polyps lead to cancer (also known as being precancerous).

Doctors don't know if endometrial polyps cause infertility. However, doctors who study infertility believe that large polyps may make it harder to get pregnancy. This is because doctors think that large polyps act like an IUD or intrauterine device and block sperm from reaching the uterus.  

Many doctors will remove large polyps first before they try any other infertility treatments. 

How Are Endometrial Polyps Diagnosed?

Doctors usually find polyps by performing a hysterosalpingogram (HSG) or a saline sonohysterogram (SIS):

  • Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is an X-ray that doctors use to screen and examine a woman's uterine cavity and tubal patency. Tubal patency shows if a woman's fallopian tubes are damaged or blocked. Many women have this type of test at the beginning of a fertility appointment with their doctor. HSG is an excellent way to find polyps. 
  • Saline sonohysterograms (SIS) can show polyps inside a woman's uterine lining by using a catheter and a transvaginal ultrasound. Your doctor will place sterile saline inside your uterus. This saline will create contrast so your doctor can clearly see polyps.

Treating Uterine Polyps

To treat uterine polyps, your doctor will perform a hysteroscopy to remove your polyps. You can get a hysteroscopy right in your doctor's office using only light anesthesia. Your doctor will use a high-powered camera called a hysteroscope to look inside your uterine cavity. A surgical tool sits on the end of the camera, and your doctor will use this tool to remove the polyps.  

Learn About Endometriosis