What is Endometriosis?

What is Endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a painful condition where tissue grows outside your uterus. Symptoms can include:

  • pain and excessive menstrual cramps,
  • fatigue,
  • painful urination or bowel movements during menstrual periods,
  • and others.

If you feel you are experiencing these symptoms or would like an evaluation, make an appointment with one of our expert physicians. Our specialists are fellowship trained with the experience to help you understand your body and recommend customized treatment solutions.

What Are Endometrial Polyps?

Endometrial Polyps Diagnosis

Endometrial polyps are benign overgrowths of the uterine lining and are common. They lie within the space of the uterine cavity and are usually identified with hysterosalpingogram (HSG) or a saline sonohysterogram (SIS). Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is an x-ray study used as an initial screening study to evaluate the uterine cavity and tubal patency, whether the fallopian tubes are patent (open) or not. Many patients have this study performed in the beginning of their infertility evaluation. The HSG is very helpful in diagnosing polyps.

The saline sonohysterogram (SIS) is a study in which sterile saline is placed into the uterine cavity with a catheter and a transvaginal ultrasound is performed. The saline produces a contrast media in order to visualize polyps accurately.

Treatment for Uterine Polyps

A hysteroscopy will be done to remove polyps. This procedure can be done in the office under light anesthesia. The procedure involves introducing a specialized camera, called a hysterscope, into the uterine cavity. Attached to the camera is a surgical instrument, which will allow your physician to remove your polyps.

The vast majority of endometrial polyps are benign, meaning they don't cause cancer. Less than one percent of uterine polyps are precancerous.

The effect of endometrial polyps on fertility is not clear, but fertility specialists assume that large ones may have an effect like that of an intrauterine contraceptive device. Many doctors remove big polyps to treat infertility and before attempting any fertility treatments.


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